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An unexpected clade of South American ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Bembidion).

Maddison DR - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Redefined subgenera within the complex are each well-supported as monophyletic.Most striking was the discovery that a small set of morphologically and ecologically heterogeneous species formed a clade, here called subgenus Nothonepha.A revised classification is proposed for the Antiperyphanes Complex.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.

ABSTRACT
Phylogenetic relationships of the Antiperyphanes Complex of the genus Bembidion are inferred using DNA sequences from seven genes (two nuclear ribosomal, four nuclear protein coding, and one mitochondrial protein coding). Redefined subgenera within the complex are each well-supported as monophyletic. Most striking was the discovery that a small set of morphologically and ecologically heterogeneous species formed a clade, here called subgenus Nothonepha. This unexpected result was corroborated by the discovery of deep pits in the lateral body wall (in the mesepisternum) of all Nothonepha, a trait unique within Bembidion. These pits are filled with a waxy substance in ethanol-preserved specimens. In one newly discovered species (Bembidion tetrapholeon sp. n., described here), these pits are so deep that their projections into the body cavity from the two sides touch each other internally. These structures in Bembidion (Nothonepha) are compared to very similar mesepisternal pits which have convergently evolved in two other groups of carabid beetles. The function of these thoracic pits is unknown. Most members of subgenus Nothonepha have in addition similar but smaller pits in the abdomen. A revised classification is proposed for the Antiperyphanes Complex.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Maximum likelihood bootstrap tree showing only those clades appearing in 90% of the bootstrap replicates; taxa outside of the Antiperyphanes Complex not shown. Numbers below branches indicate maximum likelihood bootstrap percentage / parsimony bootstrap percentage. Circled letters on branches correspond to groups documented in Table 3.
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Figure 8: Maximum likelihood bootstrap tree showing only those clades appearing in 90% of the bootstrap replicates; taxa outside of the Antiperyphanes Complex not shown. Numbers below branches indicate maximum likelihood bootstrap percentage / parsimony bootstrap percentage. Circled letters on branches correspond to groups documented in Table 3.

Mentions: The inferred phylogeny is presented in Figs 7 and 8, with support values for notable clades given in Table 3. Maximum likelihood trees and maximum likelihood bootstrap trees for each gene and the concatenated matrices are illustrated in Suppl. material 3 and 4. They are also contained in the NEXUS file S1 in the Suppl. material 1.


An unexpected clade of South American ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Bembidion).

Maddison DR - Zookeys (2014)

Maximum likelihood bootstrap tree showing only those clades appearing in 90% of the bootstrap replicates; taxa outside of the Antiperyphanes Complex not shown. Numbers below branches indicate maximum likelihood bootstrap percentage / parsimony bootstrap percentage. Circled letters on branches correspond to groups documented in Table 3.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109512&req=5

Figure 8: Maximum likelihood bootstrap tree showing only those clades appearing in 90% of the bootstrap replicates; taxa outside of the Antiperyphanes Complex not shown. Numbers below branches indicate maximum likelihood bootstrap percentage / parsimony bootstrap percentage. Circled letters on branches correspond to groups documented in Table 3.
Mentions: The inferred phylogeny is presented in Figs 7 and 8, with support values for notable clades given in Table 3. Maximum likelihood trees and maximum likelihood bootstrap trees for each gene and the concatenated matrices are illustrated in Suppl. material 3 and 4. They are also contained in the NEXUS file S1 in the Suppl. material 1.

Bottom Line: Redefined subgenera within the complex are each well-supported as monophyletic.Most striking was the discovery that a small set of morphologically and ecologically heterogeneous species formed a clade, here called subgenus Nothonepha.A revised classification is proposed for the Antiperyphanes Complex.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.

ABSTRACT
Phylogenetic relationships of the Antiperyphanes Complex of the genus Bembidion are inferred using DNA sequences from seven genes (two nuclear ribosomal, four nuclear protein coding, and one mitochondrial protein coding). Redefined subgenera within the complex are each well-supported as monophyletic. Most striking was the discovery that a small set of morphologically and ecologically heterogeneous species formed a clade, here called subgenus Nothonepha. This unexpected result was corroborated by the discovery of deep pits in the lateral body wall (in the mesepisternum) of all Nothonepha, a trait unique within Bembidion. These pits are filled with a waxy substance in ethanol-preserved specimens. In one newly discovered species (Bembidion tetrapholeon sp. n., described here), these pits are so deep that their projections into the body cavity from the two sides touch each other internally. These structures in Bembidion (Nothonepha) are compared to very similar mesepisternal pits which have convergently evolved in two other groups of carabid beetles. The function of these thoracic pits is unknown. Most members of subgenus Nothonepha have in addition similar but smaller pits in the abdomen. A revised classification is proposed for the Antiperyphanes Complex.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus