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First record of the mygalomorph spider family Paratropididae (Arachnida, Araneae) in North America with the description of a new species of Paratropis Simon from Mexico, and with new ultramorphological data for the family.

Valdez-Mondragón A, Mendoza JI, Francke OF - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria.This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes.The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Colección Nacional de Arácnidos (CNAN), Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). 3er. Circuito exterior s/n. Apartado Postal 70-153, C.P. 04510, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, Mexico City, Mexico ; Alexander Koenig Research Museum of Zoology, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany.

ABSTRACT
A new species of the genus Paratropis is described from North America: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n., from a tropical rainforest in Veracruz, Mexico. This is the fifth Paratropis and the tenth paratropidid species described and the first North American record of this Neotropical family. The species is described based on adult males and females, and juveniles. The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria. This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes. The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

No MeSH data available.


Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male. 38 Left leg, trichobothria of metatarsus I, dorsal view 39 Left leg, setae on tibia I, retrolateral view 40 Detail of setae on tibiae I (arrows indicate the glandular pores) 41 Detail of the glandular pores on tibia I (arrow indicates pore with secretion) 42 Left leg, tarsus I, retrolateral view 43 Detail of the scopular setae on tarsus I 44 Claws of tarsus I, retrolateral view (arrow indicates the single long tooth on left claw) 45 Detail of the paired claws of tarsus I (arrow indicates the unpaired ventral claw). Scales: 40 µm (Figure 41), 100 µm (Figure 43), 200 µm (Figures 40, 45), 300 µm (Figure 44), 400 µm (Figure 38), 500 µm (Figures 39, 42).
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Figure 5: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male. 38 Left leg, trichobothria of metatarsus I, dorsal view 39 Left leg, setae on tibia I, retrolateral view 40 Detail of setae on tibiae I (arrows indicate the glandular pores) 41 Detail of the glandular pores on tibia I (arrow indicates pore with secretion) 42 Left leg, tarsus I, retrolateral view 43 Detail of the scopular setae on tarsus I 44 Claws of tarsus I, retrolateral view (arrow indicates the single long tooth on left claw) 45 Detail of the paired claws of tarsus I (arrow indicates the unpaired ventral claw). Scales: 40 µm (Figure 41), 100 µm (Figure 43), 200 µm (Figures 40, 45), 300 µm (Figure 44), 400 µm (Figure 38), 500 µm (Figures 39, 42).

Mentions: Figures 1–60


First record of the mygalomorph spider family Paratropididae (Arachnida, Araneae) in North America with the description of a new species of Paratropis Simon from Mexico, and with new ultramorphological data for the family.

Valdez-Mondragón A, Mendoza JI, Francke OF - Zookeys (2014)

Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male. 38 Left leg, trichobothria of metatarsus I, dorsal view 39 Left leg, setae on tibia I, retrolateral view 40 Detail of setae on tibiae I (arrows indicate the glandular pores) 41 Detail of the glandular pores on tibia I (arrow indicates pore with secretion) 42 Left leg, tarsus I, retrolateral view 43 Detail of the scopular setae on tarsus I 44 Claws of tarsus I, retrolateral view (arrow indicates the single long tooth on left claw) 45 Detail of the paired claws of tarsus I (arrow indicates the unpaired ventral claw). Scales: 40 µm (Figure 41), 100 µm (Figure 43), 200 µm (Figures 40, 45), 300 µm (Figure 44), 400 µm (Figure 38), 500 µm (Figures 39, 42).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109506&req=5

Figure 5: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male. 38 Left leg, trichobothria of metatarsus I, dorsal view 39 Left leg, setae on tibia I, retrolateral view 40 Detail of setae on tibiae I (arrows indicate the glandular pores) 41 Detail of the glandular pores on tibia I (arrow indicates pore with secretion) 42 Left leg, tarsus I, retrolateral view 43 Detail of the scopular setae on tarsus I 44 Claws of tarsus I, retrolateral view (arrow indicates the single long tooth on left claw) 45 Detail of the paired claws of tarsus I (arrow indicates the unpaired ventral claw). Scales: 40 µm (Figure 41), 100 µm (Figure 43), 200 µm (Figures 40, 45), 300 µm (Figure 44), 400 µm (Figure 38), 500 µm (Figures 39, 42).
Mentions: Figures 1–60

Bottom Line: The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria.This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes.The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Colección Nacional de Arácnidos (CNAN), Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). 3er. Circuito exterior s/n. Apartado Postal 70-153, C.P. 04510, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, Mexico City, Mexico ; Alexander Koenig Research Museum of Zoology, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany.

ABSTRACT
A new species of the genus Paratropis is described from North America: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n., from a tropical rainforest in Veracruz, Mexico. This is the fifth Paratropis and the tenth paratropidid species described and the first North American record of this Neotropical family. The species is described based on adult males and females, and juveniles. The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria. This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes. The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

No MeSH data available.