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First record of the mygalomorph spider family Paratropididae (Arachnida, Araneae) in North America with the description of a new species of Paratropis Simon from Mexico, and with new ultramorphological data for the family.

Valdez-Mondragón A, Mendoza JI, Francke OF - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria.This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes.The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Colección Nacional de Arácnidos (CNAN), Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). 3er. Circuito exterior s/n. Apartado Postal 70-153, C.P. 04510, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, Mexico City, Mexico ; Alexander Koenig Research Museum of Zoology, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany.

ABSTRACT
A new species of the genus Paratropis is described from North America: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n., from a tropical rainforest in Veracruz, Mexico. This is the fifth Paratropis and the tenth paratropidid species described and the first North American record of this Neotropical family. The species is described based on adult males and females, and juveniles. The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria. This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes. The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

No MeSH data available.


Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male 14 Left palp, prolateral view 15 Left palp, detail of bulb and embolus, prolateral view 16 Detail of the embolus opening, distal view 17 Left palp tibia, dorsal-retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 18 Detail of the trichobothria sockets on the palp tibia 19 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, prolateral view 20 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 21 Detail of the setae on tarsus of left palp, prolateral view. Scales: 10 µm (Figure 16), 100 µm (Figure 18), 200 µm (Figure 21), 500 µm (Figures 15, 17, 19, 20), 1 mm (Figure 14).
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Figure 2: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male 14 Left palp, prolateral view 15 Left palp, detail of bulb and embolus, prolateral view 16 Detail of the embolus opening, distal view 17 Left palp tibia, dorsal-retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 18 Detail of the trichobothria sockets on the palp tibia 19 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, prolateral view 20 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 21 Detail of the setae on tarsus of left palp, prolateral view. Scales: 10 µm (Figure 16), 100 µm (Figure 18), 200 µm (Figure 21), 500 µm (Figures 15, 17, 19, 20), 1 mm (Figure 14).

Mentions: Figures 1–60


First record of the mygalomorph spider family Paratropididae (Arachnida, Araneae) in North America with the description of a new species of Paratropis Simon from Mexico, and with new ultramorphological data for the family.

Valdez-Mondragón A, Mendoza JI, Francke OF - Zookeys (2014)

Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male 14 Left palp, prolateral view 15 Left palp, detail of bulb and embolus, prolateral view 16 Detail of the embolus opening, distal view 17 Left palp tibia, dorsal-retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 18 Detail of the trichobothria sockets on the palp tibia 19 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, prolateral view 20 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 21 Detail of the setae on tarsus of left palp, prolateral view. Scales: 10 µm (Figure 16), 100 µm (Figure 18), 200 µm (Figure 21), 500 µm (Figures 15, 17, 19, 20), 1 mm (Figure 14).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109506&req=5

Figure 2: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n. Male 14 Left palp, prolateral view 15 Left palp, detail of bulb and embolus, prolateral view 16 Detail of the embolus opening, distal view 17 Left palp tibia, dorsal-retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 18 Detail of the trichobothria sockets on the palp tibia 19 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, prolateral view 20 Left palp, tibia and tarsus, retrolateral view (arrows indicate the trichobothria) 21 Detail of the setae on tarsus of left palp, prolateral view. Scales: 10 µm (Figure 16), 100 µm (Figure 18), 200 µm (Figure 21), 500 µm (Figures 15, 17, 19, 20), 1 mm (Figure 14).
Mentions: Figures 1–60

Bottom Line: The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria.This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes.The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Colección Nacional de Arácnidos (CNAN), Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). 3er. Circuito exterior s/n. Apartado Postal 70-153, C.P. 04510, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, Mexico City, Mexico ; Alexander Koenig Research Museum of Zoology, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany.

ABSTRACT
A new species of the genus Paratropis is described from North America: Paratropis tuxtlensis sp. n., from a tropical rainforest in Veracruz, Mexico. This is the fifth Paratropis and the tenth paratropidid species described and the first North American record of this Neotropical family. The species is described based on adult males and females, and juveniles. The juveniles show ontogenetic variation in the number of cuspules on the labium and endites, and in the number and position of leg trichobothria. This is the second Paratropis species, and the third paratropidid known from both sexes. The scanning electron photographs (SEM) reveal new morphological data and contribute to the knowledge of the family.

No MeSH data available.