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A new species of Litopeltis Hebard, 1920 from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Blattodea, Blaberidae, Epilamprinae) with a key to males and geographical distribution of the remaining species of the genus.

Silva Lde O, Lopes SM - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: This contribution describes a new species of Litopeltis from Brazil, L. teresopolitensis sp. n., which shows similarities with L. paineirensis Lopes & Oliveira, 2010 and L. ribeiropretano Lopes & Oliveira, 2010.It differs in characters of morphology genitalia and configuration, with the median sclerite bearing microspines on the sclerotic apex.A map showing the geographic distribution of the Brazilian species and a key to males of the other species of the genus are also presented.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Entomologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro-UFRJ.

ABSTRACT
This contribution describes a new species of Litopeltis from Brazil, L. teresopolitensis sp. n., which shows similarities with L. paineirensis Lopes & Oliveira, 2010 and L. ribeiropretano Lopes & Oliveira, 2010. It differs in characters of morphology genitalia and configuration, with the median sclerite bearing microspines on the sclerotic apex. A map showing the geographic distribution of the Brazilian species and a key to males of the other species of the genus are also presented.

No MeSH data available.


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Map of geographical distribution of Litopeltis Hebard, 1920.
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Figure 1: Map of geographical distribution of Litopeltis Hebard, 1920.

Mentions: The genus Litopeltis was described by Hebard (1920), based on material from Colombia. Hebard’s decision to include the new genus in the subfamily Perisphaerinae was supported by Rehn (1928), remarking that the male of Litopeltis superficially looks much like the Epilamproid genus Leurolestes, while the brachypterous females in general resemble species of Audreia of the same subfamily. However the position of Litopeltis is in the Epilamprinae, differing from Colapteroblatta in its size and poorly defined ocelli, as well as from Mioblatta in its size, absence of tomentosity, unspotted pronotum and spiked femurs (Roth 1971). The type species is Litopeltis bispinosa (Saussure, 1893), previously included in the genus Calolampra. Currently Litopeltis includes 11 species. Lopes and Oliveira (2010) have determined that in Brazil, members of the genus are present in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Mato Grosso. Beccaloni (2013) recognized 11 species for in the genus, and confirmed its presence in Central America (Costa Rica and Panama) and South America (Ecuador); and Vélez (2008) confirmed the presence of the genus in Colombia (Fig. 1). Thus, the distribution of Litopeltis comprises three Neotropical subregions: the Caribbean subregion and the western province of Ecuador (Ecuador) and Chocó (Colombia) and Andean north (Panama), together with the eastern province of Central America and west to the Isthmus of Panama (Panama and Costa Rica); the Amazon subregion, with the province of Pantanal (Mato Grosso); and the subregion of the provinces of Floresta do Paraná (São Paulo) and the Atlantic Forest (Rio de Janeiro) (Morrone 2009). Morrone stated that in the Pre-Quaternary period, the Neotropical biota expanded northward to Central America and southward to the Andean region, which could explain the dispersal of the genus to Central America and to the Amazon and Paraná subregions.


A new species of Litopeltis Hebard, 1920 from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Blattodea, Blaberidae, Epilamprinae) with a key to males and geographical distribution of the remaining species of the genus.

Silva Lde O, Lopes SM - Zookeys (2014)

Map of geographical distribution of Litopeltis Hebard, 1920.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109479&req=5

Figure 1: Map of geographical distribution of Litopeltis Hebard, 1920.
Mentions: The genus Litopeltis was described by Hebard (1920), based on material from Colombia. Hebard’s decision to include the new genus in the subfamily Perisphaerinae was supported by Rehn (1928), remarking that the male of Litopeltis superficially looks much like the Epilamproid genus Leurolestes, while the brachypterous females in general resemble species of Audreia of the same subfamily. However the position of Litopeltis is in the Epilamprinae, differing from Colapteroblatta in its size and poorly defined ocelli, as well as from Mioblatta in its size, absence of tomentosity, unspotted pronotum and spiked femurs (Roth 1971). The type species is Litopeltis bispinosa (Saussure, 1893), previously included in the genus Calolampra. Currently Litopeltis includes 11 species. Lopes and Oliveira (2010) have determined that in Brazil, members of the genus are present in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Mato Grosso. Beccaloni (2013) recognized 11 species for in the genus, and confirmed its presence in Central America (Costa Rica and Panama) and South America (Ecuador); and Vélez (2008) confirmed the presence of the genus in Colombia (Fig. 1). Thus, the distribution of Litopeltis comprises three Neotropical subregions: the Caribbean subregion and the western province of Ecuador (Ecuador) and Chocó (Colombia) and Andean north (Panama), together with the eastern province of Central America and west to the Isthmus of Panama (Panama and Costa Rica); the Amazon subregion, with the province of Pantanal (Mato Grosso); and the subregion of the provinces of Floresta do Paraná (São Paulo) and the Atlantic Forest (Rio de Janeiro) (Morrone 2009). Morrone stated that in the Pre-Quaternary period, the Neotropical biota expanded northward to Central America and southward to the Andean region, which could explain the dispersal of the genus to Central America and to the Amazon and Paraná subregions.

Bottom Line: This contribution describes a new species of Litopeltis from Brazil, L. teresopolitensis sp. n., which shows similarities with L. paineirensis Lopes & Oliveira, 2010 and L. ribeiropretano Lopes & Oliveira, 2010.It differs in characters of morphology genitalia and configuration, with the median sclerite bearing microspines on the sclerotic apex.A map showing the geographic distribution of the Brazilian species and a key to males of the other species of the genus are also presented.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Entomologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro-UFRJ.

ABSTRACT
This contribution describes a new species of Litopeltis from Brazil, L. teresopolitensis sp. n., which shows similarities with L. paineirensis Lopes & Oliveira, 2010 and L. ribeiropretano Lopes & Oliveira, 2010. It differs in characters of morphology genitalia and configuration, with the median sclerite bearing microspines on the sclerotic apex. A map showing the geographic distribution of the Brazilian species and a key to males of the other species of the genus are also presented.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus