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A new apameine genus and species from the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae).

Quinter EL, Sullivan JB - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: It is recorded from foothills and lower montane habitats of North Carolina and Georgia where hill cane, Arundinaria appalachiana Triplett, Weakley & L.G.Clark is found.Adults and their genitalia are figured and a mtDNA barcode sequence is given.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: P.O. Box 74, Willimantic, Connecticut, 06226, USA.

ABSTRACT
Cherokeea gen. n. is proposed for a rarely collected apameine moth species from the southern Appalachian Mountains, C. attakullakulla sp. n. It is recorded from foothills and lower montane habitats of North Carolina and Georgia where hill cane, Arundinaria appalachiana Triplett, Weakley & L.G. Clark is found. Adults and their genitalia are figured and a mtDNA barcode sequence is given.

No MeSH data available.


Genitalia structure of Cherokeea attakullakulla. 5 male genitalia (aedeagus removed) (JBS5761) 6 male aedeagus and vesica (JBS5761) 7 female genitalia (JBS5757).
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Figure 2: Genitalia structure of Cherokeea attakullakulla. 5 male genitalia (aedeagus removed) (JBS5761) 6 male aedeagus and vesica (JBS5761) 7 female genitalia (JBS5757).

Mentions: Head. Male and female antennae simple, setose-ciliate; 54 segments. Eye smooth, round. Labial palpus of both sexes laterally flattened, upcurved; first segment swollen basally, arching slightly upward and somewhat more than half as long as second segment, which is straight; second segment about as long as eye width, broadly scaled; third segment 1/3 × length of second, narrowly scaled, and projecting slightly anteriorly. Frons convex, unmodified; with a central dense tuft of converging spatulate hairs. Thorax. Vestiture a mixture of coarse spatulate scales, spatulate hairs and simple hairs; mesoscutellar crest prominent, metascutellar tuft, less so. Wings. Forewings elongated and acutely rounded at apex. Venation typical apameine, as figured in Mikkola et al. (2009) except that R3 and R4 are stalked for half the distance from the areole to the margin. Legs. Normal apameine; tibia devoid of spiniform setae, but with the usual pair of spurs on the mesothoracic leg and two pairs on the metathoracic leg. Epiphysis on prothoracic leg 0.5 × length of tibia; prothoracic tibia 1.3 × length of first tarsomere. Tarsus with three rows of spiniform setae on first two proximal tarsomeres; four irregular rows on distal three tarsomeres. Abdomen. First segment lacking paired, lateral coremata; eighth sternite with deciduous, non-eversible brush. A prominent mid-dorsal tuft on A1; no tufts on remaining segments. Male genitalia (Figs 5, 6). Uncus long, slender and downcurved to sharp apex; fine, long setae on outer half of dorsal surface. Tegumen broad at base of uncus, then flaring laterally, forming broad peniculi before narrowing sharply at pleural sclerite to meet U-shaped vinculum; distal edges of peniculi covered with fine setae. Saccus short, blunt, broadly V-shaped. Juxta an elongated trapezoidal shield, 2 x as long as basal width; a medial protrusion with a keyhole-like center extending caudally from the basal margin. Anellar arms not fused. Valve with subapical “neck” defining cucullus; ventral margin of valve slightly convex to ¾ from base, then abruptly angled dorsally into deep notch at anteroventral edge of cucullus; dorsal margin of valve evenly concave to ¾ from base, then abruptly angled dorsally to form rounded process at anterodorsal edge of cucullus. Cucullus triangular, apically slightly spatulate, with corona reduced to one or two apical setae; outer margin of cucullus bearing several larger spines, including two prominent anal spines; inner face of cucullus with a patch of fine hairs, denser apically. Valves bilaterally asymmetrical with respect to shape of sacculus. Left valve bearing a minute setose projection at base of sacculus, resembling a miniature clavus, which appears autapomorphic; otherwise, costal lobe of left sacculus normal, rounded; costal lobe of right sacculus greatly expanded dorsally into a free, flattened process that extends distally half length of entire valve; saccular lobe attached at its distal base to more heavily sclerotized basal sclerite of clasper. Basal sclerite of clasper a narrow, sclerotized bar subparallel to ventral margin of valve, terminating in a point that fuses indistinguishably with digitus. A slender, setose ampulla projects posterodorsally from dorsal arm of clasper; ampulla 7–10 × as long as wide. Costal margin of valve heavily sclerotized, becoming free from surface of valve toward cucullus to form digitus. Digitus abruptly angled near neck of cucullus to project posteroventrally along anteroventral margin of cucullus, dorsal arm shorter, projecting in opposition; dorsal arm fused with rounded process at anterodorsal edge of cucullus; free, curved, ventral arm extended length of cucullus. Aedeagus (1.6 mm; n = 7, 1.5–1.8 mm) curved ventrally, 5–6 × as long as wide, with sclerotized band extending onto basal 1/4 of vesica on left. Vesica (3.5 mm; n = 6, 3.4–3.7 mm) kidney shaped, about 2 × as long as aedeagus, curving to right through 180° to project anteriorly; without basal or subbasal cornuti, but with two basal sclerotized straps projecting on to base of vesica, and a single spine-like bundle of smaller subparallel spines projecting distally near apex of vesica.


A new apameine genus and species from the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae).

Quinter EL, Sullivan JB - Zookeys (2014)

Genitalia structure of Cherokeea attakullakulla. 5 male genitalia (aedeagus removed) (JBS5761) 6 male aedeagus and vesica (JBS5761) 7 female genitalia (JBS5757).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109475&req=5

Figure 2: Genitalia structure of Cherokeea attakullakulla. 5 male genitalia (aedeagus removed) (JBS5761) 6 male aedeagus and vesica (JBS5761) 7 female genitalia (JBS5757).
Mentions: Head. Male and female antennae simple, setose-ciliate; 54 segments. Eye smooth, round. Labial palpus of both sexes laterally flattened, upcurved; first segment swollen basally, arching slightly upward and somewhat more than half as long as second segment, which is straight; second segment about as long as eye width, broadly scaled; third segment 1/3 × length of second, narrowly scaled, and projecting slightly anteriorly. Frons convex, unmodified; with a central dense tuft of converging spatulate hairs. Thorax. Vestiture a mixture of coarse spatulate scales, spatulate hairs and simple hairs; mesoscutellar crest prominent, metascutellar tuft, less so. Wings. Forewings elongated and acutely rounded at apex. Venation typical apameine, as figured in Mikkola et al. (2009) except that R3 and R4 are stalked for half the distance from the areole to the margin. Legs. Normal apameine; tibia devoid of spiniform setae, but with the usual pair of spurs on the mesothoracic leg and two pairs on the metathoracic leg. Epiphysis on prothoracic leg 0.5 × length of tibia; prothoracic tibia 1.3 × length of first tarsomere. Tarsus with three rows of spiniform setae on first two proximal tarsomeres; four irregular rows on distal three tarsomeres. Abdomen. First segment lacking paired, lateral coremata; eighth sternite with deciduous, non-eversible brush. A prominent mid-dorsal tuft on A1; no tufts on remaining segments. Male genitalia (Figs 5, 6). Uncus long, slender and downcurved to sharp apex; fine, long setae on outer half of dorsal surface. Tegumen broad at base of uncus, then flaring laterally, forming broad peniculi before narrowing sharply at pleural sclerite to meet U-shaped vinculum; distal edges of peniculi covered with fine setae. Saccus short, blunt, broadly V-shaped. Juxta an elongated trapezoidal shield, 2 x as long as basal width; a medial protrusion with a keyhole-like center extending caudally from the basal margin. Anellar arms not fused. Valve with subapical “neck” defining cucullus; ventral margin of valve slightly convex to ¾ from base, then abruptly angled dorsally into deep notch at anteroventral edge of cucullus; dorsal margin of valve evenly concave to ¾ from base, then abruptly angled dorsally to form rounded process at anterodorsal edge of cucullus. Cucullus triangular, apically slightly spatulate, with corona reduced to one or two apical setae; outer margin of cucullus bearing several larger spines, including two prominent anal spines; inner face of cucullus with a patch of fine hairs, denser apically. Valves bilaterally asymmetrical with respect to shape of sacculus. Left valve bearing a minute setose projection at base of sacculus, resembling a miniature clavus, which appears autapomorphic; otherwise, costal lobe of left sacculus normal, rounded; costal lobe of right sacculus greatly expanded dorsally into a free, flattened process that extends distally half length of entire valve; saccular lobe attached at its distal base to more heavily sclerotized basal sclerite of clasper. Basal sclerite of clasper a narrow, sclerotized bar subparallel to ventral margin of valve, terminating in a point that fuses indistinguishably with digitus. A slender, setose ampulla projects posterodorsally from dorsal arm of clasper; ampulla 7–10 × as long as wide. Costal margin of valve heavily sclerotized, becoming free from surface of valve toward cucullus to form digitus. Digitus abruptly angled near neck of cucullus to project posteroventrally along anteroventral margin of cucullus, dorsal arm shorter, projecting in opposition; dorsal arm fused with rounded process at anterodorsal edge of cucullus; free, curved, ventral arm extended length of cucullus. Aedeagus (1.6 mm; n = 7, 1.5–1.8 mm) curved ventrally, 5–6 × as long as wide, with sclerotized band extending onto basal 1/4 of vesica on left. Vesica (3.5 mm; n = 6, 3.4–3.7 mm) kidney shaped, about 2 × as long as aedeagus, curving to right through 180° to project anteriorly; without basal or subbasal cornuti, but with two basal sclerotized straps projecting on to base of vesica, and a single spine-like bundle of smaller subparallel spines projecting distally near apex of vesica.

Bottom Line: It is recorded from foothills and lower montane habitats of North Carolina and Georgia where hill cane, Arundinaria appalachiana Triplett, Weakley & L.G.Clark is found.Adults and their genitalia are figured and a mtDNA barcode sequence is given.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: P.O. Box 74, Willimantic, Connecticut, 06226, USA.

ABSTRACT
Cherokeea gen. n. is proposed for a rarely collected apameine moth species from the southern Appalachian Mountains, C. attakullakulla sp. n. It is recorded from foothills and lower montane habitats of North Carolina and Georgia where hill cane, Arundinaria appalachiana Triplett, Weakley & L.G. Clark is found. Adults and their genitalia are figured and a mtDNA barcode sequence is given.

No MeSH data available.