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A revision of the genus Protorthodes McDunnough with descriptions of a new genus and four new species (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae, Eriopygini).

Lafontaine JD, Walsh JB, Ferris CD - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: The genus Protorthodes McDunnough is revised to include 15 species including P. ustulata Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., from southwestern United States, P. texicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Texas and Mexico, and P. mexicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Mexico.A new genus, Nudorthodes Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, is proposed for two species formerly included in Protorthodes, P. texana (Smith, 1900), comb. n., and P. variabilis (Barnes & McDunnough, 1912), comb. n., and N. molino Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., described from southern Arizona.A key to species, descriptions, illustrations of adults and genitalia, and distribution maps are included.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes, Biodiversity Program, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, KW Neatby Bldg., C.E.F., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6.

ABSTRACT
The genus Protorthodes McDunnough is revised to include 15 species including P. ustulata Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., from southwestern United States, P. texicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Texas and Mexico, and P. mexicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Mexico. A new genus, Nudorthodes Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, is proposed for two species formerly included in Protorthodes, P. texana (Smith, 1900), comb. n., and P. variabilis (Barnes & McDunnough, 1912), comb. n., and N. molino Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., described from southern Arizona. A key to species, descriptions, illustrations of adults and genitalia, and distribution maps are included.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Protorthodes male genitalia. 66Protorthodes rufula; CNC slide 11476 67Protorthodes ustulata; CNC slide 16599 68Protorthodes alfkenii; CNC slide 11788 69Protorthodes antennata; CNC slide 16608.
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Figure 6: Protorthodes male genitalia. 66Protorthodes rufula; CNC slide 11476 67Protorthodes ustulata; CNC slide 16599 68Protorthodes alfkenii; CNC slide 11788 69Protorthodes antennata; CNC slide 16608.

Mentions: Protorthodes perforata can be recognized by the pale whitish gray to buffy gray color of the forewings with the reniform and orbicular spots darker gray than the ground color and each is outlined by a contrastingly pale line. Forewing length varies from 12 to 14 mm. The hindwing is dirty white with fuscous shading on the wing margins and veins in both sexes. This species is most likely to be confused with Protorthodes rufula in southern California where their ranges overlap. The forewing in Protorthodes rufula is darker and more mottled than that of Protorthodes perforata, and Protorthodes rufula usually has shades of red in the ground color. Males of Protorthodes perforata can readily be distinguished from those of Protorthodes rufula by brushing the scales away from the apices of the valves; in Protorthodes perforata the apices of the digitus on each valve are similar, barely extend beyond the ventral margins of the valve, and the apices curl to project anteroventrally. In Protorthodes rufula, by contrast, the left digitus projects posteroventrally, whereas the right digitus is much longer and projects posteriorly and extends beyond the apex of the right valve (Fig. 66). On dissection, the valves of Protorthodes perforata are very wide postmedially with both the dorsal and ventral margins rounded and convex; the ampulla of the clasper is almost straight, bending posteriorly only near the apex; the heavily-sclerotized dorsal lobe of the sacculus is much larger and more convex than in Protorthodes rufula; and the large cornutus in the vesica is near the middle, whereas in Protorthodes rufula it is much closer to the base of the vesica; also the cornutus projects at a right angle to the axis of the vesica and parallel to the aedeagus. In the female genitalia of Protorthodes perforata the sclerotized mass of the ostium bursae covers almost the entire ductus bursae and is rounded anteriorly.


A revision of the genus Protorthodes McDunnough with descriptions of a new genus and four new species (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae, Eriopygini).

Lafontaine JD, Walsh JB, Ferris CD - Zookeys (2014)

Protorthodes male genitalia. 66Protorthodes rufula; CNC slide 11476 67Protorthodes ustulata; CNC slide 16599 68Protorthodes alfkenii; CNC slide 11788 69Protorthodes antennata; CNC slide 16608.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109474&req=5

Figure 6: Protorthodes male genitalia. 66Protorthodes rufula; CNC slide 11476 67Protorthodes ustulata; CNC slide 16599 68Protorthodes alfkenii; CNC slide 11788 69Protorthodes antennata; CNC slide 16608.
Mentions: Protorthodes perforata can be recognized by the pale whitish gray to buffy gray color of the forewings with the reniform and orbicular spots darker gray than the ground color and each is outlined by a contrastingly pale line. Forewing length varies from 12 to 14 mm. The hindwing is dirty white with fuscous shading on the wing margins and veins in both sexes. This species is most likely to be confused with Protorthodes rufula in southern California where their ranges overlap. The forewing in Protorthodes rufula is darker and more mottled than that of Protorthodes perforata, and Protorthodes rufula usually has shades of red in the ground color. Males of Protorthodes perforata can readily be distinguished from those of Protorthodes rufula by brushing the scales away from the apices of the valves; in Protorthodes perforata the apices of the digitus on each valve are similar, barely extend beyond the ventral margins of the valve, and the apices curl to project anteroventrally. In Protorthodes rufula, by contrast, the left digitus projects posteroventrally, whereas the right digitus is much longer and projects posteriorly and extends beyond the apex of the right valve (Fig. 66). On dissection, the valves of Protorthodes perforata are very wide postmedially with both the dorsal and ventral margins rounded and convex; the ampulla of the clasper is almost straight, bending posteriorly only near the apex; the heavily-sclerotized dorsal lobe of the sacculus is much larger and more convex than in Protorthodes rufula; and the large cornutus in the vesica is near the middle, whereas in Protorthodes rufula it is much closer to the base of the vesica; also the cornutus projects at a right angle to the axis of the vesica and parallel to the aedeagus. In the female genitalia of Protorthodes perforata the sclerotized mass of the ostium bursae covers almost the entire ductus bursae and is rounded anteriorly.

Bottom Line: The genus Protorthodes McDunnough is revised to include 15 species including P. ustulata Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., from southwestern United States, P. texicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Texas and Mexico, and P. mexicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Mexico.A new genus, Nudorthodes Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, is proposed for two species formerly included in Protorthodes, P. texana (Smith, 1900), comb. n., and P. variabilis (Barnes & McDunnough, 1912), comb. n., and N. molino Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., described from southern Arizona.A key to species, descriptions, illustrations of adults and genitalia, and distribution maps are included.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes, Biodiversity Program, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, KW Neatby Bldg., C.E.F., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6.

ABSTRACT
The genus Protorthodes McDunnough is revised to include 15 species including P. ustulata Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., from southwestern United States, P. texicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Texas and Mexico, and P. mexicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Mexico. A new genus, Nudorthodes Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, is proposed for two species formerly included in Protorthodes, P. texana (Smith, 1900), comb. n., and P. variabilis (Barnes & McDunnough, 1912), comb. n., and N. molino Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., described from southern Arizona. A key to species, descriptions, illustrations of adults and genitalia, and distribution maps are included.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus