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Polyphyly of Lichen-cryptic Dagger Moths: synonymy of Agriopodes Hampson and description of a new basal acronictine genus, Chloronycta, gen. n. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae).

Schmidt BC, Wagner DL, Zacharczenko BV, Zahiri R, Anweiler GG - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: The immature stages of Chloronycta tybo comb. n. are described and illustrated for the first time.Although previously treated as a valid species, we show that Agriopodes geminata (Smith) represents the northern terminus of clinal variation in wing pattern of A. fallax and synonymize A. geminata under A. fallax (syn. n.).The history and identity of Agriopodes corticosa (Boisduval), a nomen dubium, is discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes, K.W. Neatby Bldg., 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6.

ABSTRACT
The taxonomic composition and systematic position of Agriopodes Hampson is examined through an integrated approach using adult and larval morphology, biology, and molecular sequence data. The type-species of Agriopodes, Moma fallax Herrich-Schäffer is shown to be derived within the Acronicta grisea Walker species-group; accordingly, Agriopodes is relegated to synonymy under Acronicta Ochsenheimer, syn. n. (Acronictinae). Additionally, molecular markers and morphology show that Agriopodes is not monophyletic: Agriopodes tybo (Barnes) is not closely related to A. fallax nor to Acronicta, and is transferred to a new genus, Chloronycta Schmidt & Anweiler, gen. n. The immature stages of Chloronycta tybo comb. n. are described and illustrated for the first time. Although previously treated as a valid species, we show that Agriopodes geminata (Smith) represents the northern terminus of clinal variation in wing pattern of A. fallax and synonymize A. geminata under A. fallax (syn. n.). The history and identity of Agriopodes corticosa (Boisduval), a nomen dubium, is discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Acronicta and Chloronycta adults. 2aAcronicta fallax male (North Port, FL) 2bAcronicta fallax male (Hillsboro, MO) 2cAcronicta fallax female (Hillsboro, MO) 2dAcronicta fallax female (Backus Woods, ON) 2eAcronicta fallax male (Cartwright, MB) 2fAcronicta fallax male Edmunston, NB) 2gAcronicta fallax female (Ottawa, ON) 2hAcronicta fallax male (La Verendrye Reserve, QC) 2iAcronicta fallax male (Crooked Lake, SK) 3aChloronycta tybo male (Huachuca Mtns, AZ) 3bChloronycta tybo female (Cave Ck. Cyn., Chiricahua Mtns, AZ) 4Chloronycta sp. female (Turundeo, MEX).
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Figure 2: Acronicta and Chloronycta adults. 2aAcronicta fallax male (North Port, FL) 2bAcronicta fallax male (Hillsboro, MO) 2cAcronicta fallax female (Hillsboro, MO) 2dAcronicta fallax female (Backus Woods, ON) 2eAcronicta fallax male (Cartwright, MB) 2fAcronicta fallax male Edmunston, NB) 2gAcronicta fallax female (Ottawa, ON) 2hAcronicta fallax male (La Verendrye Reserve, QC) 2iAcronicta fallax male (Crooked Lake, SK) 3aChloronycta tybo male (Huachuca Mtns, AZ) 3bChloronycta tybo female (Cave Ck. Cyn., Chiricahua Mtns, AZ) 4Chloronycta sp. female (Turundeo, MEX).

Mentions: Figs 2, 5, 9, 13


Polyphyly of Lichen-cryptic Dagger Moths: synonymy of Agriopodes Hampson and description of a new basal acronictine genus, Chloronycta, gen. n. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae).

Schmidt BC, Wagner DL, Zacharczenko BV, Zahiri R, Anweiler GG - Zookeys (2014)

Acronicta and Chloronycta adults. 2aAcronicta fallax male (North Port, FL) 2bAcronicta fallax male (Hillsboro, MO) 2cAcronicta fallax female (Hillsboro, MO) 2dAcronicta fallax female (Backus Woods, ON) 2eAcronicta fallax male (Cartwright, MB) 2fAcronicta fallax male Edmunston, NB) 2gAcronicta fallax female (Ottawa, ON) 2hAcronicta fallax male (La Verendrye Reserve, QC) 2iAcronicta fallax male (Crooked Lake, SK) 3aChloronycta tybo male (Huachuca Mtns, AZ) 3bChloronycta tybo female (Cave Ck. Cyn., Chiricahua Mtns, AZ) 4Chloronycta sp. female (Turundeo, MEX).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109473&req=5

Figure 2: Acronicta and Chloronycta adults. 2aAcronicta fallax male (North Port, FL) 2bAcronicta fallax male (Hillsboro, MO) 2cAcronicta fallax female (Hillsboro, MO) 2dAcronicta fallax female (Backus Woods, ON) 2eAcronicta fallax male (Cartwright, MB) 2fAcronicta fallax male Edmunston, NB) 2gAcronicta fallax female (Ottawa, ON) 2hAcronicta fallax male (La Verendrye Reserve, QC) 2iAcronicta fallax male (Crooked Lake, SK) 3aChloronycta tybo male (Huachuca Mtns, AZ) 3bChloronycta tybo female (Cave Ck. Cyn., Chiricahua Mtns, AZ) 4Chloronycta sp. female (Turundeo, MEX).
Mentions: Figs 2, 5, 9, 13

Bottom Line: The immature stages of Chloronycta tybo comb. n. are described and illustrated for the first time.Although previously treated as a valid species, we show that Agriopodes geminata (Smith) represents the northern terminus of clinal variation in wing pattern of A. fallax and synonymize A. geminata under A. fallax (syn. n.).The history and identity of Agriopodes corticosa (Boisduval), a nomen dubium, is discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes, K.W. Neatby Bldg., 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6.

ABSTRACT
The taxonomic composition and systematic position of Agriopodes Hampson is examined through an integrated approach using adult and larval morphology, biology, and molecular sequence data. The type-species of Agriopodes, Moma fallax Herrich-Schäffer is shown to be derived within the Acronicta grisea Walker species-group; accordingly, Agriopodes is relegated to synonymy under Acronicta Ochsenheimer, syn. n. (Acronictinae). Additionally, molecular markers and morphology show that Agriopodes is not monophyletic: Agriopodes tybo (Barnes) is not closely related to A. fallax nor to Acronicta, and is transferred to a new genus, Chloronycta Schmidt & Anweiler, gen. n. The immature stages of Chloronycta tybo comb. n. are described and illustrated for the first time. Although previously treated as a valid species, we show that Agriopodes geminata (Smith) represents the northern terminus of clinal variation in wing pattern of A. fallax and synonymize A. geminata under A. fallax (syn. n.). The history and identity of Agriopodes corticosa (Boisduval), a nomen dubium, is discussed.

No MeSH data available.