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Taxonomy and biogeography of the Nearctic Raphia Hübner (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Raphiinae).

Schmidt BC, Anweiler GG - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: The taxonomic status and biogeography of the North American Raphia species is reviewed using adult morphology, larval host plants, geographic phenotypic variation, and variation of mtDNA COI barcode sequences.Raphia frater abrupta Grote, stat. n., R. f. coloradensis Putnam-Cramer, stat. r., R. f. piazzi Hill, stat. n., and R. f. elbea Smith, stat. n., are accordingly revised to subspecies of R. frater Grote.Type locality restrictions are provided for Raphia abrupta and Raphia frater and a neotype is designated for Raphia frater var. coloradensis.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, K.W. Neatby Bldg., 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6.

ABSTRACT
The taxonomic status and biogeography of the North American Raphia species is reviewed using adult morphology, larval host plants, geographic phenotypic variation, and variation of mtDNA COI barcode sequences. Lack of diagnostic morphological differences, combined with relatively low mtDNA barcode divergences and clinal phenotypic variation in key geographic regions indicate that the six previously recognized species of North American Raphia are best interpreted as parapatric subspecies. Raphia frater abrupta Grote, stat. n., R. f. coloradensis Putnam-Cramer, stat. r., R. f. piazzi Hill, stat. n., and R. f. elbea Smith, stat. n., are accordingly revised to subspecies of R. frater Grote. Type locality restrictions are provided for Raphia abrupta and Raphia frater and a neotype is designated for Raphia frater var. coloradensis.

No MeSH data available.


Neighbour-joining tree and associated sampling sites of mtDNA barcode haplotypes in Raphia frater. Haplogroup colour corresponds to that of sampling sites. Subspecies assignment based on morphology and sample size is indicated for each haplogroup. Width of triangles is proportional to number of haplotypes, height represents maximum divergence within haplogroup.
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Figure 4: Neighbour-joining tree and associated sampling sites of mtDNA barcode haplotypes in Raphia frater. Haplogroup colour corresponds to that of sampling sites. Subspecies assignment based on morphology and sample size is indicated for each haplogroup. Width of triangles is proportional to number of haplotypes, height represents maximum divergence within haplogroup.

Mentions: Molecular variation. The deepest splits in mtDNA barcode variation (alluded to previously in Lafontaine and Schmidt 2010) segregate North American Raphia into four groups, but only one of these is private to a recognizable taxon (Raphia frater elbea). None of the remaining subspecies exhibited discrete haplotypic variation. Based on analysis of 192 specimens from localities across the range of Raphia frater representing all subspecies (Suppl. material 1), haplotypes segregated into five groups: 1) a large group from across most of the eastern, northern and central range portions that includes Raphia frater frater, Raphia frater coloradensis, Raphia frater abrupta and Raphia frater piazzi, varying by up to ~1.3% (Fig. 4); 2) a discrete group closest to haplogroup 1, consisting of two Raphia frater piazzi specimens (Fig. 4); 3) a divergent group of geographically disparate samples of Eastern Raphia frater frater (Ontario, Manitoba) and Californian Raphia frater cinderella specimens, differing by a minimum of ~2.2% from all other groups (Fig. 4); 4) a group private to Raphia frater elbea (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah) with a minimum ~1.0% divergence; 5) A group of Californian Raphia frater cinderella with a minimum divergence of ~1.8% from all other haplotypes.


Taxonomy and biogeography of the Nearctic Raphia Hübner (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Raphiinae).

Schmidt BC, Anweiler GG - Zookeys (2014)

Neighbour-joining tree and associated sampling sites of mtDNA barcode haplotypes in Raphia frater. Haplogroup colour corresponds to that of sampling sites. Subspecies assignment based on morphology and sample size is indicated for each haplogroup. Width of triangles is proportional to number of haplotypes, height represents maximum divergence within haplogroup.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109472&req=5

Figure 4: Neighbour-joining tree and associated sampling sites of mtDNA barcode haplotypes in Raphia frater. Haplogroup colour corresponds to that of sampling sites. Subspecies assignment based on morphology and sample size is indicated for each haplogroup. Width of triangles is proportional to number of haplotypes, height represents maximum divergence within haplogroup.
Mentions: Molecular variation. The deepest splits in mtDNA barcode variation (alluded to previously in Lafontaine and Schmidt 2010) segregate North American Raphia into four groups, but only one of these is private to a recognizable taxon (Raphia frater elbea). None of the remaining subspecies exhibited discrete haplotypic variation. Based on analysis of 192 specimens from localities across the range of Raphia frater representing all subspecies (Suppl. material 1), haplotypes segregated into five groups: 1) a large group from across most of the eastern, northern and central range portions that includes Raphia frater frater, Raphia frater coloradensis, Raphia frater abrupta and Raphia frater piazzi, varying by up to ~1.3% (Fig. 4); 2) a discrete group closest to haplogroup 1, consisting of two Raphia frater piazzi specimens (Fig. 4); 3) a divergent group of geographically disparate samples of Eastern Raphia frater frater (Ontario, Manitoba) and Californian Raphia frater cinderella specimens, differing by a minimum of ~2.2% from all other groups (Fig. 4); 4) a group private to Raphia frater elbea (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah) with a minimum ~1.0% divergence; 5) A group of Californian Raphia frater cinderella with a minimum divergence of ~1.8% from all other haplotypes.

Bottom Line: The taxonomic status and biogeography of the North American Raphia species is reviewed using adult morphology, larval host plants, geographic phenotypic variation, and variation of mtDNA COI barcode sequences.Raphia frater abrupta Grote, stat. n., R. f. coloradensis Putnam-Cramer, stat. r., R. f. piazzi Hill, stat. n., and R. f. elbea Smith, stat. n., are accordingly revised to subspecies of R. frater Grote.Type locality restrictions are provided for Raphia abrupta and Raphia frater and a neotype is designated for Raphia frater var. coloradensis.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, K.W. Neatby Bldg., 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6.

ABSTRACT
The taxonomic status and biogeography of the North American Raphia species is reviewed using adult morphology, larval host plants, geographic phenotypic variation, and variation of mtDNA COI barcode sequences. Lack of diagnostic morphological differences, combined with relatively low mtDNA barcode divergences and clinal phenotypic variation in key geographic regions indicate that the six previously recognized species of North American Raphia are best interpreted as parapatric subspecies. Raphia frater abrupta Grote, stat. n., R. f. coloradensis Putnam-Cramer, stat. r., R. f. piazzi Hill, stat. n., and R. f. elbea Smith, stat. n., are accordingly revised to subspecies of R. frater Grote. Type locality restrictions are provided for Raphia abrupta and Raphia frater and a neotype is designated for Raphia frater var. coloradensis.

No MeSH data available.