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Mallotus philippinensis Muell. Arg (Euphorbiaceae): ethnopharmacology and phytochemistry review.

Gangwar M, Goel RK, Nath G - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Bottom Line: We have selected all the pharmacological aspects and toxicological and all its biological related studies.However, the existing knowledge is very limited about Mallotus philippinensis and its different parts like steam, leaf, and fruit.This review underlines the interest to continue the study of this genus of the Euphorbiaceae.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Infections and Molecular Diagnosis, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India ; Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.

ABSTRACT
Mallotus philippinensis Muell. Arg (Euphorbiaceae) are widely distributed perennial shrub or small tree in tropical and subtropical region in outer Himalayas regions with an altitude below 1,000 m and are reported to have wide range of pharmacological activities. Mallotus philippinensis species are known to contain different natural compounds, mainly phenols, diterpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, cardenolides, triterpenoids, coumarins, isocoumarins, and many more especially phenols; that is, bergenin, mallotophilippinens, rottlerin, and isorottlerin have been isolated, identified, and reported interesting biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiviral, cytotoxicity, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory activity protein inhibition against cancer cell. We have selected all the pharmacological aspects and toxicological and all its biological related studies. The present review reveals that Mallotus philippinensis is a valuable source of medicinally important natural molecules and provides convincing support for its future use in modern medicine. However, the existing knowledge is very limited about Mallotus philippinensis and its different parts like steam, leaf, and fruit. Further, more detailed safety data pertaining to the acute and subacute toxicity and cardio- and immunotoxicity also needs to be generated for crude extracts or its pure isolated compounds. This review underlines the interest to continue the study of this genus of the Euphorbiaceae.

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Mallotus philippinensis. (a) Mature plant; (b) leaf; (c) initial inflorescence of seed setting; (d) mature fruits twig; (e) mature fruit with seed.
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fig19: Mallotus philippinensis. (a) Mature plant; (b) leaf; (c) initial inflorescence of seed setting; (d) mature fruits twig; (e) mature fruit with seed.

Mentions: Trees are small to medium-sized monoecious in nature, up to 25 m tall and with a bole up to 50 cm in diameter, but usually much less in number (Figure 19(a)). Slash turning deep red. Branchlets are reddish-brown glandular.


Mallotus philippinensis Muell. Arg (Euphorbiaceae): ethnopharmacology and phytochemistry review.

Gangwar M, Goel RK, Nath G - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Mallotus philippinensis. (a) Mature plant; (b) leaf; (c) initial inflorescence of seed setting; (d) mature fruits twig; (e) mature fruit with seed.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109133&req=5

fig19: Mallotus philippinensis. (a) Mature plant; (b) leaf; (c) initial inflorescence of seed setting; (d) mature fruits twig; (e) mature fruit with seed.
Mentions: Trees are small to medium-sized monoecious in nature, up to 25 m tall and with a bole up to 50 cm in diameter, but usually much less in number (Figure 19(a)). Slash turning deep red. Branchlets are reddish-brown glandular.

Bottom Line: We have selected all the pharmacological aspects and toxicological and all its biological related studies.However, the existing knowledge is very limited about Mallotus philippinensis and its different parts like steam, leaf, and fruit.This review underlines the interest to continue the study of this genus of the Euphorbiaceae.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Infections and Molecular Diagnosis, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India ; Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.

ABSTRACT
Mallotus philippinensis Muell. Arg (Euphorbiaceae) are widely distributed perennial shrub or small tree in tropical and subtropical region in outer Himalayas regions with an altitude below 1,000 m and are reported to have wide range of pharmacological activities. Mallotus philippinensis species are known to contain different natural compounds, mainly phenols, diterpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, cardenolides, triterpenoids, coumarins, isocoumarins, and many more especially phenols; that is, bergenin, mallotophilippinens, rottlerin, and isorottlerin have been isolated, identified, and reported interesting biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiviral, cytotoxicity, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory activity protein inhibition against cancer cell. We have selected all the pharmacological aspects and toxicological and all its biological related studies. The present review reveals that Mallotus philippinensis is a valuable source of medicinally important natural molecules and provides convincing support for its future use in modern medicine. However, the existing knowledge is very limited about Mallotus philippinensis and its different parts like steam, leaf, and fruit. Further, more detailed safety data pertaining to the acute and subacute toxicity and cardio- and immunotoxicity also needs to be generated for crude extracts or its pure isolated compounds. This review underlines the interest to continue the study of this genus of the Euphorbiaceae.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus