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Dimensional model for estimating factors influencing childhood obesity: path analysis based modeling.

Kheirollahpour M, Shohaimi S - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously.Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit.The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this study is to identify and develop a comprehensive model which estimates and evaluates the overall relations among the factors that lead to weight gain in children by using structural equation modeling. The proposed models in this study explore the connection among the socioeconomic status of the family, parental feeding practice, and physical activity. Six structural models were tested to identify the direct and indirect relationship between the socioeconomic status and parental feeding practice general level of physical activity, and weight status of children. Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously. Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit. The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest. Moreover, the results suggest that parental feeding practice and physical activity are mediators in the structural model.

Show MeSH
Indirect, direct, and full mediation model [27].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109107&req=5

fig13: Indirect, direct, and full mediation model [27].

Mentions: According to Hair et al., a mediation effect would be created when a third construct intervened between two other related constructs [26, 27]. According to Kline [28], in order to examine the mediation model, the full mediation model must be tested versus indirect model. The presence of mediators would be accepted if the full mediation model was better fitted than the indirect model. In this regard three different models were created with names of direct model, indirect model, and full mediation model as in Figure 13.


Dimensional model for estimating factors influencing childhood obesity: path analysis based modeling.

Kheirollahpour M, Shohaimi S - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Indirect, direct, and full mediation model [27].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109107&req=5

fig13: Indirect, direct, and full mediation model [27].
Mentions: According to Hair et al., a mediation effect would be created when a third construct intervened between two other related constructs [26, 27]. According to Kline [28], in order to examine the mediation model, the full mediation model must be tested versus indirect model. The presence of mediators would be accepted if the full mediation model was better fitted than the indirect model. In this regard three different models were created with names of direct model, indirect model, and full mediation model as in Figure 13.

Bottom Line: Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously.Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit.The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this study is to identify and develop a comprehensive model which estimates and evaluates the overall relations among the factors that lead to weight gain in children by using structural equation modeling. The proposed models in this study explore the connection among the socioeconomic status of the family, parental feeding practice, and physical activity. Six structural models were tested to identify the direct and indirect relationship between the socioeconomic status and parental feeding practice general level of physical activity, and weight status of children. Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously. Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit. The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest. Moreover, the results suggest that parental feeding practice and physical activity are mediators in the structural model.

Show MeSH