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Dimensional model for estimating factors influencing childhood obesity: path analysis based modeling.

Kheirollahpour M, Shohaimi S - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously.Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit.The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this study is to identify and develop a comprehensive model which estimates and evaluates the overall relations among the factors that lead to weight gain in children by using structural equation modeling. The proposed models in this study explore the connection among the socioeconomic status of the family, parental feeding practice, and physical activity. Six structural models were tested to identify the direct and indirect relationship between the socioeconomic status and parental feeding practice general level of physical activity, and weight status of children. Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously. Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit. The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest. Moreover, the results suggest that parental feeding practice and physical activity are mediators in the structural model.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Comprehensive structural model with regression weight and covariance coefficients.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109107&req=5

fig12: Comprehensive structural model with regression weight and covariance coefficients.

Mentions: Result of Figure 12 showed that there were significant relationship between socioeconomic factor and feeding practice (β = 0.49, α < 0.05) and significant relationship between socioeconomic status and children weight status (β = −0.43, α < 0.05). Moreover a significant positive relation was seen between socioeconomic status and physical activity (β = 0.23, α < 0.05) as well as feeding practice and weight status of children (β = 0.33, α < 0.05). Finally, a significant negative relation between physical activity and weight status of children was investigated (β = −0.42, α < 0.05). Therefore, it seems that this model was significantly fitted to data. Result of full structural model with regression path coefficient was also presented in Table 8. According to Figure 12, 41% of variance of feeding practice would be explained by socioeconomic factors, while 56% of variance of weight status of children would be identified by socioeconomic status, physical activity, and feeding practice and only 19% of variance of physical activity would be explained by SES.


Dimensional model for estimating factors influencing childhood obesity: path analysis based modeling.

Kheirollahpour M, Shohaimi S - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Comprehensive structural model with regression weight and covariance coefficients.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109107&req=5

fig12: Comprehensive structural model with regression weight and covariance coefficients.
Mentions: Result of Figure 12 showed that there were significant relationship between socioeconomic factor and feeding practice (β = 0.49, α < 0.05) and significant relationship between socioeconomic status and children weight status (β = −0.43, α < 0.05). Moreover a significant positive relation was seen between socioeconomic status and physical activity (β = 0.23, α < 0.05) as well as feeding practice and weight status of children (β = 0.33, α < 0.05). Finally, a significant negative relation between physical activity and weight status of children was investigated (β = −0.42, α < 0.05). Therefore, it seems that this model was significantly fitted to data. Result of full structural model with regression path coefficient was also presented in Table 8. According to Figure 12, 41% of variance of feeding practice would be explained by socioeconomic factors, while 56% of variance of weight status of children would be identified by socioeconomic status, physical activity, and feeding practice and only 19% of variance of physical activity would be explained by SES.

Bottom Line: Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously.Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit.The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this study is to identify and develop a comprehensive model which estimates and evaluates the overall relations among the factors that lead to weight gain in children by using structural equation modeling. The proposed models in this study explore the connection among the socioeconomic status of the family, parental feeding practice, and physical activity. Six structural models were tested to identify the direct and indirect relationship between the socioeconomic status and parental feeding practice general level of physical activity, and weight status of children. Finally, a comprehensive model was devised to show how these factors relate to each other as well as to the body mass index (BMI) of the children simultaneously. Concerning the methodology of the current study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to reveal the hidden (secondary) effect of socioeconomic factors on feeding practice and ultimately on the weight status of the children and also to determine the degree of model fit. The comprehensive structural model tested in this study suggested that there are significant direct and indirect relationships among variables of interest. Moreover, the results suggest that parental feeding practice and physical activity are mediators in the structural model.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus