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The "id" knows more than the "ego" admits: neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience.

Solms M, Panksepp J - Brain Sci (2012)

Bottom Line: These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness.From this perspective, perceptual experiences were initially affective at the primary-process brainstem level, but capable of being elaborated by secondary learning and memory processes into tertiary-cognitive forms of consciousness.The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7701, South Africa. Mark.Solms@uct.ac.za.

ABSTRACT
It is commonly believed that consciousness is a higher brain function. Here we consider the likelihood, based on abundant neuroevolutionary data that lower brain affective phenomenal experiences provide the "energy" for the developmental construction of higher forms of cognitive consciousness. This view is concordant with many of the theoretical formulations of Sigmund Freud. In this reconceptualization, all of consciousness may be dependent on the original evolution of affective phenomenal experiences that coded survival values. These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness. From this perspective, perceptual experiences were initially affective at the primary-process brainstem level, but capable of being elaborated by secondary learning and memory processes into tertiary-cognitive forms of consciousness. Within this view, although all individual neural activities are unconscious, perhaps along with secondary-process learning and memory mechanisms, the primal sub-neocortical networks of emotions and other primal affects may have served as the sentient scaffolding for the construction of resolved perceptual and higher mental activities within the neocortex. The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Red = some interoceptive nuclei; magenta = some ERTAS (arousal) nuclei; white = some basic emotion circuits.
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brainsci-02-00147-f005: Red = some interoceptive nuclei; magenta = some ERTAS (arousal) nuclei; white = some basic emotion circuits.

Mentions: The second aspect of the body is its internal milieu, the autonomic body, which is represented deeper and lower in the brain. The brain structures that represent this aspect of the body pivot around the hypothalamus but they also include the circumventricular organs, parabrachial nucleus, area postrema, solitary nucleus, and the like (see [19,20,21] for reviews). Analogous to what we said above about the motor cortex in relation to exteroception, these interoceptive structures, too, not only monitor but also regulate the state of the body (cf. homeostasis). Such subcortical network arousals may have phenomenal affective feelings of their own. In the present paper we will call this aspect of bodily representation the “internal body” for short (see Figure 5).


The "id" knows more than the "ego" admits: neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience.

Solms M, Panksepp J - Brain Sci (2012)

Red = some interoceptive nuclei; magenta = some ERTAS (arousal) nuclei; white = some basic emotion circuits.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4061793&req=5

brainsci-02-00147-f005: Red = some interoceptive nuclei; magenta = some ERTAS (arousal) nuclei; white = some basic emotion circuits.
Mentions: The second aspect of the body is its internal milieu, the autonomic body, which is represented deeper and lower in the brain. The brain structures that represent this aspect of the body pivot around the hypothalamus but they also include the circumventricular organs, parabrachial nucleus, area postrema, solitary nucleus, and the like (see [19,20,21] for reviews). Analogous to what we said above about the motor cortex in relation to exteroception, these interoceptive structures, too, not only monitor but also regulate the state of the body (cf. homeostasis). Such subcortical network arousals may have phenomenal affective feelings of their own. In the present paper we will call this aspect of bodily representation the “internal body” for short (see Figure 5).

Bottom Line: These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness.From this perspective, perceptual experiences were initially affective at the primary-process brainstem level, but capable of being elaborated by secondary learning and memory processes into tertiary-cognitive forms of consciousness.The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7701, South Africa. Mark.Solms@uct.ac.za.

ABSTRACT
It is commonly believed that consciousness is a higher brain function. Here we consider the likelihood, based on abundant neuroevolutionary data that lower brain affective phenomenal experiences provide the "energy" for the developmental construction of higher forms of cognitive consciousness. This view is concordant with many of the theoretical formulations of Sigmund Freud. In this reconceptualization, all of consciousness may be dependent on the original evolution of affective phenomenal experiences that coded survival values. These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness. From this perspective, perceptual experiences were initially affective at the primary-process brainstem level, but capable of being elaborated by secondary learning and memory processes into tertiary-cognitive forms of consciousness. Within this view, although all individual neural activities are unconscious, perhaps along with secondary-process learning and memory mechanisms, the primal sub-neocortical networks of emotions and other primal affects may have served as the sentient scaffolding for the construction of resolved perceptual and higher mental activities within the neocortex. The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus