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The "id" knows more than the "ego" admits: neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience.

Solms M, Panksepp J - Brain Sci (2012)

Bottom Line: These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness.Within this view, although all individual neural activities are unconscious, perhaps along with secondary-process learning and memory mechanisms, the primal sub-neocortical networks of emotions and other primal affects may have served as the sentient scaffolding for the construction of resolved perceptual and higher mental activities within the neocortex.The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7701, South Africa. Mark.Solms@uct.ac.za.

ABSTRACT
It is commonly believed that consciousness is a higher brain function. Here we consider the likelihood, based on abundant neuroevolutionary data that lower brain affective phenomenal experiences provide the "energy" for the developmental construction of higher forms of cognitive consciousness. This view is concordant with many of the theoretical formulations of Sigmund Freud. In this reconceptualization, all of consciousness may be dependent on the original evolution of affective phenomenal experiences that coded survival values. These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness. From this perspective, perceptual experiences were initially affective at the primary-process brainstem level, but capable of being elaborated by secondary learning and memory processes into tertiary-cognitive forms of consciousness. Within this view, although all individual neural activities are unconscious, perhaps along with secondary-process learning and memory mechanisms, the primal sub-neocortical networks of emotions and other primal affects may have served as the sentient scaffolding for the construction of resolved perceptual and higher mental activities within the neocortex. The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

No MeSH data available.


Freud’s second model of the mental apparatus. Pcpt (previously φ) = Perceptual system; Mnem (previously ψ) = Mnemic systems; Ucs = Unconscious system; Pcs = Preconscious system; M = Motor system [also known as Consciousness system, abbreviated Cs (previously ω)]. Reproduced from [5] with permission.
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brainsci-02-00147-f002: Freud’s second model of the mental apparatus. Pcpt (previously φ) = Perceptual system; Mnem (previously ψ) = Mnemic systems; Ucs = Unconscious system; Pcs = Preconscious system; M = Motor system [also known as Consciousness system, abbreviated Cs (previously ω)]. Reproduced from [5] with permission.

Mentions: Freud’s second model of the mental apparatus [14] was essentially the same as his first, apart from the fact that the hypothetical neuronal systems were now given purely functional designations. This acknowledged Freud’s ignorance of the anatomy and physiology of the arrangements he had described, inferred as they were from psychological and behavioral rather than neuroscientific observations. Accordingly, the φ neurons became the “perceptual system” of the mind (abbreviated “Pcpt.”); the ψ neurons became “mnemic systems,” split into uninhibited and inhibited divisions, which thereby became the systems “unconscious” (abbreviated “Ucs.”) and “preconscious” (abbreviated “Pcs.”) respectively (see Figure 2 [15]); while the ω neurons became the system “consciousness” (abbreviated “Cs.”), still located at the motor end of the apparatus.


The "id" knows more than the "ego" admits: neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience.

Solms M, Panksepp J - Brain Sci (2012)

Freud’s second model of the mental apparatus. Pcpt (previously φ) = Perceptual system; Mnem (previously ψ) = Mnemic systems; Ucs = Unconscious system; Pcs = Preconscious system; M = Motor system [also known as Consciousness system, abbreviated Cs (previously ω)]. Reproduced from [5] with permission.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4061793&req=5

brainsci-02-00147-f002: Freud’s second model of the mental apparatus. Pcpt (previously φ) = Perceptual system; Mnem (previously ψ) = Mnemic systems; Ucs = Unconscious system; Pcs = Preconscious system; M = Motor system [also known as Consciousness system, abbreviated Cs (previously ω)]. Reproduced from [5] with permission.
Mentions: Freud’s second model of the mental apparatus [14] was essentially the same as his first, apart from the fact that the hypothetical neuronal systems were now given purely functional designations. This acknowledged Freud’s ignorance of the anatomy and physiology of the arrangements he had described, inferred as they were from psychological and behavioral rather than neuroscientific observations. Accordingly, the φ neurons became the “perceptual system” of the mind (abbreviated “Pcpt.”); the ψ neurons became “mnemic systems,” split into uninhibited and inhibited divisions, which thereby became the systems “unconscious” (abbreviated “Ucs.”) and “preconscious” (abbreviated “Pcs.”) respectively (see Figure 2 [15]); while the ω neurons became the system “consciousness” (abbreviated “Cs.”), still located at the motor end of the apparatus.

Bottom Line: These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness.Within this view, although all individual neural activities are unconscious, perhaps along with secondary-process learning and memory mechanisms, the primal sub-neocortical networks of emotions and other primal affects may have served as the sentient scaffolding for the construction of resolved perceptual and higher mental activities within the neocortex.The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7701, South Africa. Mark.Solms@uct.ac.za.

ABSTRACT
It is commonly believed that consciousness is a higher brain function. Here we consider the likelihood, based on abundant neuroevolutionary data that lower brain affective phenomenal experiences provide the "energy" for the developmental construction of higher forms of cognitive consciousness. This view is concordant with many of the theoretical formulations of Sigmund Freud. In this reconceptualization, all of consciousness may be dependent on the original evolution of affective phenomenal experiences that coded survival values. These subcortical energies provided a foundation that could be used for the epigenetic construction of perceptual and other higher forms of consciousness. From this perspective, perceptual experiences were initially affective at the primary-process brainstem level, but capable of being elaborated by secondary learning and memory processes into tertiary-cognitive forms of consciousness. Within this view, although all individual neural activities are unconscious, perhaps along with secondary-process learning and memory mechanisms, the primal sub-neocortical networks of emotions and other primal affects may have served as the sentient scaffolding for the construction of resolved perceptual and higher mental activities within the neocortex. The data supporting this neuro-psycho-evolutionary vision of the emergence of mind is discussed in relation to classical psychoanalytical models.

No MeSH data available.