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Hypoglycemic and anti-depressant effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation in a model of unpredictable chronic mild stress in rats with diabetes mellitus.

Wang YH, Yin LT, Yang H, Li XL, Wu KG - Exp Ther Med (2014)

Bottom Line: In addition, in the vehicle group, the levels of blood glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly higher and the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly lower compared with those in the blank control group.The high dose of ZGJTJY decreased the locomotor activity levels in the open field test, the EL times of the model on day 4, the SETs in the Morris water maze test and the HDL-C levels, and reduced the blood glucose, HbA1c, TC, TG and LDL-C levels compared with those in the model group.Thus, ZGJTJY is a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of the comorbidity of depression with DM.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hunan Key Laboratory of Chinese Materia Medica Powder and Innovative Drugs Established by Provincial and Ministry, Changsha, Hunan 410007, P.R. China ; Key Laboratory of Internal Medicine of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hunan 410007, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
This study aimed to investigate the hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering and antidepressant effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation (ZGJTJY) in a model of unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM; the UCMS-DM model). Sixty rats were randomly divided into blank control, vehicle (model plus vehicle), positive control (model plus metformin and fluoxetine), and high, medium and low dose ZGJTJY (model plus high, medium and low doses of ZGJTJY, respectively) groups. Following establishment of DM by a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (38 mg/kg), the depression model was established by application of UCMS for 28 days. The behavioral scores of the rats were detected in an open field test and Morris water maze test. The levels of blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood lipids were assayed. The total scores of the open field test and the space exploration times (SETs) in the Morris water maze test were significantly lower and the escape latency (EL) times in the Morris water maze test were significantly longer in the vehicle group compared with those in the blank control group. In addition, in the vehicle group, the levels of blood glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly higher and the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly lower compared with those in the blank control group. The high dose of ZGJTJY decreased the locomotor activity levels in the open field test, the EL times of the model on day 4, the SETs in the Morris water maze test and the HDL-C levels, and reduced the blood glucose, HbA1c, TC, TG and LDL-C levels compared with those in the model group. Thus, ZGJTJY is a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of the comorbidity of depression with DM.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Effects of ZGJTJY on the LMA levels of rats in the open field test. Values are presented as the mean of the total scores in the open field test ± standard error of the mean. #P<0.05, compared with the blank control group; *P<0.05 and **P<0.01, compared with the model group. Cont, control; hZGJTJY, high dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; mZGJTJY, medium dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; lZGJTJY, low dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; LMA, locomotor activity.
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f1-etm-08-01-0281: Effects of ZGJTJY on the LMA levels of rats in the open field test. Values are presented as the mean of the total scores in the open field test ± standard error of the mean. #P<0.05, compared with the blank control group; *P<0.05 and **P<0.01, compared with the model group. Cont, control; hZGJTJY, high dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; mZGJTJY, medium dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; lZGJTJY, low dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; LMA, locomotor activity.

Mentions: As shown in Fig. 1, the total scores of the open field test were significantly lower in the vehicle group than those in the blank control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the vehicle group, hZGJTJY increased the LMA levels of the UCMS-DM model rats (P<0.05).


Hypoglycemic and anti-depressant effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation in a model of unpredictable chronic mild stress in rats with diabetes mellitus.

Wang YH, Yin LT, Yang H, Li XL, Wu KG - Exp Ther Med (2014)

Effects of ZGJTJY on the LMA levels of rats in the open field test. Values are presented as the mean of the total scores in the open field test ± standard error of the mean. #P<0.05, compared with the blank control group; *P<0.05 and **P<0.01, compared with the model group. Cont, control; hZGJTJY, high dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; mZGJTJY, medium dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; lZGJTJY, low dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; LMA, locomotor activity.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4061204&req=5

f1-etm-08-01-0281: Effects of ZGJTJY on the LMA levels of rats in the open field test. Values are presented as the mean of the total scores in the open field test ± standard error of the mean. #P<0.05, compared with the blank control group; *P<0.05 and **P<0.01, compared with the model group. Cont, control; hZGJTJY, high dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; mZGJTJY, medium dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; lZGJTJY, low dose Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation; LMA, locomotor activity.
Mentions: As shown in Fig. 1, the total scores of the open field test were significantly lower in the vehicle group than those in the blank control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the vehicle group, hZGJTJY increased the LMA levels of the UCMS-DM model rats (P<0.05).

Bottom Line: In addition, in the vehicle group, the levels of blood glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly higher and the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly lower compared with those in the blank control group.The high dose of ZGJTJY decreased the locomotor activity levels in the open field test, the EL times of the model on day 4, the SETs in the Morris water maze test and the HDL-C levels, and reduced the blood glucose, HbA1c, TC, TG and LDL-C levels compared with those in the model group.Thus, ZGJTJY is a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of the comorbidity of depression with DM.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hunan Key Laboratory of Chinese Materia Medica Powder and Innovative Drugs Established by Provincial and Ministry, Changsha, Hunan 410007, P.R. China ; Key Laboratory of Internal Medicine of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hunan 410007, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
This study aimed to investigate the hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering and antidepressant effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation (ZGJTJY) in a model of unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM; the UCMS-DM model). Sixty rats were randomly divided into blank control, vehicle (model plus vehicle), positive control (model plus metformin and fluoxetine), and high, medium and low dose ZGJTJY (model plus high, medium and low doses of ZGJTJY, respectively) groups. Following establishment of DM by a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (38 mg/kg), the depression model was established by application of UCMS for 28 days. The behavioral scores of the rats were detected in an open field test and Morris water maze test. The levels of blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood lipids were assayed. The total scores of the open field test and the space exploration times (SETs) in the Morris water maze test were significantly lower and the escape latency (EL) times in the Morris water maze test were significantly longer in the vehicle group compared with those in the blank control group. In addition, in the vehicle group, the levels of blood glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly higher and the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly lower compared with those in the blank control group. The high dose of ZGJTJY decreased the locomotor activity levels in the open field test, the EL times of the model on day 4, the SETs in the Morris water maze test and the HDL-C levels, and reduced the blood glucose, HbA1c, TC, TG and LDL-C levels compared with those in the model group. Thus, ZGJTJY is a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of the comorbidity of depression with DM.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus