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Is a coded physical activity diary valid for assessing physical activity level and energy expenditure in stroke patients?

Vanroy C, Vanlandewijck Y, Cras P, Feys H, Truijen S, Michielsen M, Vissers D - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Data from the patients' diaries were compared with observed and measured data to determine total activity (METs*minutes), activity level and total energy expenditure.Comparisons between the patients' diaries and activity monitor data revealed a low correlation (rs 0.29) for total METs*minutes and energy expenditure.Given the poor correlation with objective measurements of physical activity, however, further research is needed to validate its use against a gold-standard measure of physical activity intensity and energy expenditure.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; Translational Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: to determine the concurrent validity of a physical activity diary for measuring physical activity level and total energy expenditure in hospitalized stroke patients.

Method: Sixteen stroke patients kept coded activity diaries and wore SenseWear Pro2 multi-sensor activity monitors during daytime hours for one day. A researcher observed the patients and completed a diary. Data from the patients' diaries were compared with observed and measured data to determine total activity (METs*minutes), activity level and total energy expenditure.

Results: Spearman correlations between the patients' and researchers' diaries revealed a high correlation for total METs*minutes (rs = 0.75, p<0.01) for sedentary (rs = 0.74,p<0.01) and moderate activities (rs = 0.71,p<0.01) and a very high correlation (rs = 0.92, p<0.01) for the total energy expenditure. Comparisons between the patients' diaries and activity monitor data revealed a low correlation (rs 0.29) for total METs*minutes and energy expenditure.

Conclusion: Coded self-monitoring activity diaries appear feasible as a low-tech alternative to labor-intensive observational diaries for determining sedentary, moderate, and total physical activity and for quantifying energy expenditure in hospitalized stroke patients. Given the poor correlation with objective measurements of physical activity, however, further research is needed to validate its use against a gold-standard measure of physical activity intensity and energy expenditure.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparing energy expenditure in 16 stroke patients: observational diary versus patient diary.Energy expenditure (kcal/12 h) of observer activity diary was compared with diary of stroke patients. Broken horizontal lines represent percentiles 25 and 75 value, bold solid lines represent the median value of difference. Data analysis showed good agreement between both diaries (Median = 91.90; P25 = 2.57; P75 = 194.51). Most data are clustered around the zero point.
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pone-0098735-g003: Comparing energy expenditure in 16 stroke patients: observational diary versus patient diary.Energy expenditure (kcal/12 h) of observer activity diary was compared with diary of stroke patients. Broken horizontal lines represent percentiles 25 and 75 value, bold solid lines represent the median value of difference. Data analysis showed good agreement between both diaries (Median = 91.90; P25 = 2.57; P75 = 194.51). Most data are clustered around the zero point.

Mentions: Graphic analysis of the data concerning total energy expenditure indicated good agreement between the two diaries (median value of the difference = 91.90; P25 = 2.57; P75 = 194.51) (Figure 3). Most of the data were clustered around the zero point. The SWP2A underestimated energy expenditure for all patients, in comparison to the diaries completed by the patient (median value of the difference = 507.27; P25 = 301.05; P75 = 804.44) (Figure 4).


Is a coded physical activity diary valid for assessing physical activity level and energy expenditure in stroke patients?

Vanroy C, Vanlandewijck Y, Cras P, Feys H, Truijen S, Michielsen M, Vissers D - PLoS ONE (2014)

Comparing energy expenditure in 16 stroke patients: observational diary versus patient diary.Energy expenditure (kcal/12 h) of observer activity diary was compared with diary of stroke patients. Broken horizontal lines represent percentiles 25 and 75 value, bold solid lines represent the median value of difference. Data analysis showed good agreement between both diaries (Median = 91.90; P25 = 2.57; P75 = 194.51). Most data are clustered around the zero point.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4048313&req=5

pone-0098735-g003: Comparing energy expenditure in 16 stroke patients: observational diary versus patient diary.Energy expenditure (kcal/12 h) of observer activity diary was compared with diary of stroke patients. Broken horizontal lines represent percentiles 25 and 75 value, bold solid lines represent the median value of difference. Data analysis showed good agreement between both diaries (Median = 91.90; P25 = 2.57; P75 = 194.51). Most data are clustered around the zero point.
Mentions: Graphic analysis of the data concerning total energy expenditure indicated good agreement between the two diaries (median value of the difference = 91.90; P25 = 2.57; P75 = 194.51) (Figure 3). Most of the data were clustered around the zero point. The SWP2A underestimated energy expenditure for all patients, in comparison to the diaries completed by the patient (median value of the difference = 507.27; P25 = 301.05; P75 = 804.44) (Figure 4).

Bottom Line: Data from the patients' diaries were compared with observed and measured data to determine total activity (METs*minutes), activity level and total energy expenditure.Comparisons between the patients' diaries and activity monitor data revealed a low correlation (rs 0.29) for total METs*minutes and energy expenditure.Given the poor correlation with objective measurements of physical activity, however, further research is needed to validate its use against a gold-standard measure of physical activity intensity and energy expenditure.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; Translational Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: to determine the concurrent validity of a physical activity diary for measuring physical activity level and total energy expenditure in hospitalized stroke patients.

Method: Sixteen stroke patients kept coded activity diaries and wore SenseWear Pro2 multi-sensor activity monitors during daytime hours for one day. A researcher observed the patients and completed a diary. Data from the patients' diaries were compared with observed and measured data to determine total activity (METs*minutes), activity level and total energy expenditure.

Results: Spearman correlations between the patients' and researchers' diaries revealed a high correlation for total METs*minutes (rs = 0.75, p<0.01) for sedentary (rs = 0.74,p<0.01) and moderate activities (rs = 0.71,p<0.01) and a very high correlation (rs = 0.92, p<0.01) for the total energy expenditure. Comparisons between the patients' diaries and activity monitor data revealed a low correlation (rs 0.29) for total METs*minutes and energy expenditure.

Conclusion: Coded self-monitoring activity diaries appear feasible as a low-tech alternative to labor-intensive observational diaries for determining sedentary, moderate, and total physical activity and for quantifying energy expenditure in hospitalized stroke patients. Given the poor correlation with objective measurements of physical activity, however, further research is needed to validate its use against a gold-standard measure of physical activity intensity and energy expenditure.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus