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Does exposure to a radiofrequency electromagnetic field modify thermal preference in juvenile rats?

Pelletier A, Delanaud S, de Seze R, Bach V, Libert JP, Loos N - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Our results indicated that relative to control group, exposure to RF-EMF at 31°C was associated with a significantly lower tail skin temperature (-1.6°C) which confirmed previous data.The PS did not differ significantly between the two groups.We conclude that RF-EMF exposure induced a shift in thermal preference towards higher temperatures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: PériTox Laboratory, UMR-I 01 INERIS, Faculty of Medicine, Jules Verne University of Picardy, Amiens, France.

ABSTRACT
Some studies have shown that people living near a mobile phone base station may report sleep disturbances and discomfort. Using a rat model, we have previously shown that chronic exposure to a low-intensity radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) was associated with paradoxical sleep (PS) fragmentation and greater vasomotor tone in the tail. Here, we sought to establish whether sleep disturbances might result from the disturbance of thermoregulatory processes by a RF-EMF. We recorded thermal preference and sleep stage distribution in 18 young male Wistar rats. Nine animals were exposed to a low-intensity RF-EMF (900 MHz, 1 V x m(-1)) for five weeks and nine served as non-exposed controls. Thermal preference was assessed in an experimental chamber comprising three interconnected compartments, in which the air temperatures (Ta) were set to 24°C, 28°C and 31°C. Sleep and tail skin temperature were also recorded. Our results indicated that relative to control group, exposure to RF-EMF at 31°C was associated with a significantly lower tail skin temperature (-1.6°C) which confirmed previous data. During the light period, the exposed group preferred to sleep at Ta = 31°C and the controls preferred Ta = 28°C. The mean sleep duration in exposed group was significantly greater (by 15.5%) than in control group (due in turn to a significantly greater amount of slow wave sleep (SWS, +14.6%). Similarly, frequency of SWS was greater in exposed group (by 4.9 episodes.h-1). The PS did not differ significantly between the two groups. During the dark period, there were no significant intergroup differences. We conclude that RF-EMF exposure induced a shift in thermal preference towards higher temperatures. The shift in preferred temperature might result from a cold thermal sensation. The change in sleep stage distribution may involve signals from thermoreceptors in the skin. Modulation of SWS may be a protective adaptation in response to RF-EMF exposure.

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Thermal photographs of a control rat and an exposed rat at air temperature of 31°C.The colors correspond to the temperature scale on the right.
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pone-0099007-g001: Thermal photographs of a control rat and an exposed rat at air temperature of 31°C.The colors correspond to the temperature scale on the right.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows representative infrared thermographic images of a rat from the control group and a rat from the exposed group. When considering pooled data at a Ta of 31°C, the mean tail skin temperature was lower in the exposed group than in the control group (37.1±0.5°C and 38.7±0.4°C, respectively, i.e. a difference of 1.6°C; p = 0.049). An intergroup difference in tail skin temperature was not found at Ta values of 24 and 28°C.


Does exposure to a radiofrequency electromagnetic field modify thermal preference in juvenile rats?

Pelletier A, Delanaud S, de Seze R, Bach V, Libert JP, Loos N - PLoS ONE (2014)

Thermal photographs of a control rat and an exposed rat at air temperature of 31°C.The colors correspond to the temperature scale on the right.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4048227&req=5

pone-0099007-g001: Thermal photographs of a control rat and an exposed rat at air temperature of 31°C.The colors correspond to the temperature scale on the right.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows representative infrared thermographic images of a rat from the control group and a rat from the exposed group. When considering pooled data at a Ta of 31°C, the mean tail skin temperature was lower in the exposed group than in the control group (37.1±0.5°C and 38.7±0.4°C, respectively, i.e. a difference of 1.6°C; p = 0.049). An intergroup difference in tail skin temperature was not found at Ta values of 24 and 28°C.

Bottom Line: Our results indicated that relative to control group, exposure to RF-EMF at 31°C was associated with a significantly lower tail skin temperature (-1.6°C) which confirmed previous data.The PS did not differ significantly between the two groups.We conclude that RF-EMF exposure induced a shift in thermal preference towards higher temperatures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: PériTox Laboratory, UMR-I 01 INERIS, Faculty of Medicine, Jules Verne University of Picardy, Amiens, France.

ABSTRACT
Some studies have shown that people living near a mobile phone base station may report sleep disturbances and discomfort. Using a rat model, we have previously shown that chronic exposure to a low-intensity radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) was associated with paradoxical sleep (PS) fragmentation and greater vasomotor tone in the tail. Here, we sought to establish whether sleep disturbances might result from the disturbance of thermoregulatory processes by a RF-EMF. We recorded thermal preference and sleep stage distribution in 18 young male Wistar rats. Nine animals were exposed to a low-intensity RF-EMF (900 MHz, 1 V x m(-1)) for five weeks and nine served as non-exposed controls. Thermal preference was assessed in an experimental chamber comprising three interconnected compartments, in which the air temperatures (Ta) were set to 24°C, 28°C and 31°C. Sleep and tail skin temperature were also recorded. Our results indicated that relative to control group, exposure to RF-EMF at 31°C was associated with a significantly lower tail skin temperature (-1.6°C) which confirmed previous data. During the light period, the exposed group preferred to sleep at Ta = 31°C and the controls preferred Ta = 28°C. The mean sleep duration in exposed group was significantly greater (by 15.5%) than in control group (due in turn to a significantly greater amount of slow wave sleep (SWS, +14.6%). Similarly, frequency of SWS was greater in exposed group (by 4.9 episodes.h-1). The PS did not differ significantly between the two groups. During the dark period, there were no significant intergroup differences. We conclude that RF-EMF exposure induced a shift in thermal preference towards higher temperatures. The shift in preferred temperature might result from a cold thermal sensation. The change in sleep stage distribution may involve signals from thermoreceptors in the skin. Modulation of SWS may be a protective adaptation in response to RF-EMF exposure.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus