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Recognition of TLR2 N-glycans: critical role in ArtinM immunomodulatory activity.

Mariano VS, Zorzetto-Fernandes AL, da Silva TA, Ruas LP, Nohara LL, Almeida IC, Roque-Barreira MC - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Stimulation with ArtinM induced NF-κB activation and interleukin (IL)-8 production in cells transfected with TLR2, TLR2/1, or TLR2/6.Notably,ArtinM binding to TLR2 was selectively inhibited when the lectin was pre-incubated with mannotriose.Thus, ArtinM interacts directly with TLR2 or TLR2 heterodimers in a carbohydrate recognition-dependent manner and functions as a TLR2 agonist with immunomodulatory properties.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular e Bioagentes Patogênicos, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, USP, São Paulo, Brasil.

ABSTRACT
TLR2 plays a critical role in the protection against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis conferred by ArtinM administration. ArtinM, a D-mannose-binding lectin from Artocarpus heterophyllus, induces IL-12 production in macrophages and dendritic cells, which accounts for the T helper1 immunity that results from ArtinM administration. We examined the direct interaction of ArtinM with TLR2using HEK293A cells transfected with TLR2, alone or in combination with TLR1 or TLR6, together with accessory proteins. Stimulation with ArtinM induced NF-κB activation and interleukin (IL)-8 production in cells transfected with TLR2, TLR2/1, or TLR2/6. Murine macrophages that were stimulated with ArtinM had augmented TLR2 mRNA expression. Furthermore, pre-incubation of unstimulated macrophages with an anti-TLR2 antibody reduced the cell labeling with ArtinM. In addition, a microplate assay revealed that ArtinM bound to TLR2 molecules that had been captured by specific antibodies from a macrophages lysate. Notably,ArtinM binding to TLR2 was selectively inhibited when the lectin was pre-incubated with mannotriose. The biological relevance of the direct interaction of ArtinM with TLR2 glycans was assessed using macrophages from TLR2-KOmice, which produced significantly lower levels of IL-12 and IL-10 in response to ArtinM than macrophages from wild-type mice. Pre-treatment of murine macrophages with pharmacological inhibitors of signaling molecules demonstrated the involvement of p38 MAPK and JNK in the IL-12 production induced by ArtinM and the involvement ofPI3K in IL-10 production. Thus, ArtinM interacts directly with TLR2 or TLR2 heterodimers in a carbohydrate recognition-dependent manner and functions as a TLR2 agonist with immunomodulatory properties.

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Enhanced TLR2 relative expression by ArtinM-stimulated macrophages.Peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6 mice were incubated with ArtinM (39 nM) for 5 h. Medium was used as a negative control and P3C4 (1 µg/mL) was used as a positive control. RNA from macrophages were isolated and used for qRT-PCR as described in Materials and Methods. The results are expressed as the relative expression of TLR2 after quantification using the ΔΔCt method and normalized to β-actin expression. Statistical comparisons between stimulated cells and unstimulated were performed with one-way analysis of variance followed by Bonferroni's multiple comparison test. ** p<0.01.
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pone-0098512-g004: Enhanced TLR2 relative expression by ArtinM-stimulated macrophages.Peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6 mice were incubated with ArtinM (39 nM) for 5 h. Medium was used as a negative control and P3C4 (1 µg/mL) was used as a positive control. RNA from macrophages were isolated and used for qRT-PCR as described in Materials and Methods. The results are expressed as the relative expression of TLR2 after quantification using the ΔΔCt method and normalized to β-actin expression. Statistical comparisons between stimulated cells and unstimulated were performed with one-way analysis of variance followed by Bonferroni's multiple comparison test. ** p<0.01.

Mentions: Having demonstrated the ArtinM interacted with TLR2 in HEK293A cells, we next investigated the effects of ArtinM on murine macrophages, specifically the ability of ArtinM to enhance the expression of TLR2 mRNA. Thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages were harvested from C57BL/6 mice and stimulated with ArtinM (39 nM) for 5 h. Quantitative analysis of TLR2 mRNA showed that the relative expression of TLR2 increased in ArtinM-stimulated macrophages. Moreover, stimulation with P3C4 increased the TLR2 relative expression (Figure 4). Thus, in addition to interact with TLR2, ArtinM enhanced the expression of TLR2 mRNA on macrophages.


Recognition of TLR2 N-glycans: critical role in ArtinM immunomodulatory activity.

Mariano VS, Zorzetto-Fernandes AL, da Silva TA, Ruas LP, Nohara LL, Almeida IC, Roque-Barreira MC - PLoS ONE (2014)

Enhanced TLR2 relative expression by ArtinM-stimulated macrophages.Peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6 mice were incubated with ArtinM (39 nM) for 5 h. Medium was used as a negative control and P3C4 (1 µg/mL) was used as a positive control. RNA from macrophages were isolated and used for qRT-PCR as described in Materials and Methods. The results are expressed as the relative expression of TLR2 after quantification using the ΔΔCt method and normalized to β-actin expression. Statistical comparisons between stimulated cells and unstimulated were performed with one-way analysis of variance followed by Bonferroni's multiple comparison test. ** p<0.01.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4043963&req=5

pone-0098512-g004: Enhanced TLR2 relative expression by ArtinM-stimulated macrophages.Peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6 mice were incubated with ArtinM (39 nM) for 5 h. Medium was used as a negative control and P3C4 (1 µg/mL) was used as a positive control. RNA from macrophages were isolated and used for qRT-PCR as described in Materials and Methods. The results are expressed as the relative expression of TLR2 after quantification using the ΔΔCt method and normalized to β-actin expression. Statistical comparisons between stimulated cells and unstimulated were performed with one-way analysis of variance followed by Bonferroni's multiple comparison test. ** p<0.01.
Mentions: Having demonstrated the ArtinM interacted with TLR2 in HEK293A cells, we next investigated the effects of ArtinM on murine macrophages, specifically the ability of ArtinM to enhance the expression of TLR2 mRNA. Thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages were harvested from C57BL/6 mice and stimulated with ArtinM (39 nM) for 5 h. Quantitative analysis of TLR2 mRNA showed that the relative expression of TLR2 increased in ArtinM-stimulated macrophages. Moreover, stimulation with P3C4 increased the TLR2 relative expression (Figure 4). Thus, in addition to interact with TLR2, ArtinM enhanced the expression of TLR2 mRNA on macrophages.

Bottom Line: Stimulation with ArtinM induced NF-κB activation and interleukin (IL)-8 production in cells transfected with TLR2, TLR2/1, or TLR2/6.Notably,ArtinM binding to TLR2 was selectively inhibited when the lectin was pre-incubated with mannotriose.Thus, ArtinM interacts directly with TLR2 or TLR2 heterodimers in a carbohydrate recognition-dependent manner and functions as a TLR2 agonist with immunomodulatory properties.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular e Bioagentes Patogênicos, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, USP, São Paulo, Brasil.

ABSTRACT
TLR2 plays a critical role in the protection against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis conferred by ArtinM administration. ArtinM, a D-mannose-binding lectin from Artocarpus heterophyllus, induces IL-12 production in macrophages and dendritic cells, which accounts for the T helper1 immunity that results from ArtinM administration. We examined the direct interaction of ArtinM with TLR2using HEK293A cells transfected with TLR2, alone or in combination with TLR1 or TLR6, together with accessory proteins. Stimulation with ArtinM induced NF-κB activation and interleukin (IL)-8 production in cells transfected with TLR2, TLR2/1, or TLR2/6. Murine macrophages that were stimulated with ArtinM had augmented TLR2 mRNA expression. Furthermore, pre-incubation of unstimulated macrophages with an anti-TLR2 antibody reduced the cell labeling with ArtinM. In addition, a microplate assay revealed that ArtinM bound to TLR2 molecules that had been captured by specific antibodies from a macrophages lysate. Notably,ArtinM binding to TLR2 was selectively inhibited when the lectin was pre-incubated with mannotriose. The biological relevance of the direct interaction of ArtinM with TLR2 glycans was assessed using macrophages from TLR2-KOmice, which produced significantly lower levels of IL-12 and IL-10 in response to ArtinM than macrophages from wild-type mice. Pre-treatment of murine macrophages with pharmacological inhibitors of signaling molecules demonstrated the involvement of p38 MAPK and JNK in the IL-12 production induced by ArtinM and the involvement ofPI3K in IL-10 production. Thus, ArtinM interacts directly with TLR2 or TLR2 heterodimers in a carbohydrate recognition-dependent manner and functions as a TLR2 agonist with immunomodulatory properties.

Show MeSH