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A century of the evolution of the urban area in Shenyang, China.

Liu M, Xu Y, Hu Y, Li C, Sun F, Chen T - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The results showed that the urban area of Shenyang increased 43.39-fold during the study period and that the growth rate has accelerated since the 1980s.The results of landscape metrics indicate that the urban landscape of Shenyang originally was highly aggregated, but has become increasingly fragmented.Over a long time scale, the urbanization process has been affected by major historical events.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.

ABSTRACT
Analyzing spatiotemporal characteristics of the historical urbanization process is essential in understanding the dynamics of urbanization and scientifically planned urban development. Based on historical urban area maps and remote sensing images, this study examined the urban expansion of Shenyang from 1910 to 2010 using area statistics, typology identification, and landscape metrics approaches. The population and gross domestic product were analyzed as driving factors. The results showed that the urban area of Shenyang increased 43.39-fold during the study period and that the growth rate has accelerated since the 1980s. Three urban growth types were distinguished: infilling, edge-expansion, and spontaneous growth. Edge-expansion was the primary growth type. Infilling growth became the main growth type in the periods 1946-70, 1988-97, and 2004-10. Spontaneous growth was concentrated in the period of 1997 to 2000. The results of landscape metrics indicate that the urban landscape of Shenyang originally was highly aggregated, but has become increasingly fragmented. The urban fringe area was the traditional hot zone of urbanization. Shenyang was mainly located north of the Hun River before 1980; however, the south side of the river has been the hot zone of urbanization since the 1980s. The increase of urban area strongly correlated with the growth of GDP and population. Over a long time scale, the urbanization process has been affected by major historical events.

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Location of the study area.
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pone-0098847-g001: Location of the study area.

Mentions: The city of Shenyang (41°11′–42°02′N; 122°25′–123°48′E) lies in the transition zone between a branch of the Changbai Mountains and the flood plain of the Liao River in Northeast China (Fig. 1). The major topography is characterized by an alluvial plain in the west, with low hilly lands in the northeast and southeast. Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning Province, and it is the communication, commercial, scientific, and cultural centre of Northeast China. Its annual average temperature is 7.8°C and its annual precipitation is 707 mm (1906–2002). As a key investment and industrial base designated by the Chinese government since 1948, Shenyang developed into the centre of Chinese heavy industrial development before the 1980s. With the growth of its population and industry, Shenyang has continuously expanded its borders.


A century of the evolution of the urban area in Shenyang, China.

Liu M, Xu Y, Hu Y, Li C, Sun F, Chen T - PLoS ONE (2014)

Location of the study area.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4043834&req=5

pone-0098847-g001: Location of the study area.
Mentions: The city of Shenyang (41°11′–42°02′N; 122°25′–123°48′E) lies in the transition zone between a branch of the Changbai Mountains and the flood plain of the Liao River in Northeast China (Fig. 1). The major topography is characterized by an alluvial plain in the west, with low hilly lands in the northeast and southeast. Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning Province, and it is the communication, commercial, scientific, and cultural centre of Northeast China. Its annual average temperature is 7.8°C and its annual precipitation is 707 mm (1906–2002). As a key investment and industrial base designated by the Chinese government since 1948, Shenyang developed into the centre of Chinese heavy industrial development before the 1980s. With the growth of its population and industry, Shenyang has continuously expanded its borders.

Bottom Line: The results showed that the urban area of Shenyang increased 43.39-fold during the study period and that the growth rate has accelerated since the 1980s.The results of landscape metrics indicate that the urban landscape of Shenyang originally was highly aggregated, but has become increasingly fragmented.Over a long time scale, the urbanization process has been affected by major historical events.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.

ABSTRACT
Analyzing spatiotemporal characteristics of the historical urbanization process is essential in understanding the dynamics of urbanization and scientifically planned urban development. Based on historical urban area maps and remote sensing images, this study examined the urban expansion of Shenyang from 1910 to 2010 using area statistics, typology identification, and landscape metrics approaches. The population and gross domestic product were analyzed as driving factors. The results showed that the urban area of Shenyang increased 43.39-fold during the study period and that the growth rate has accelerated since the 1980s. Three urban growth types were distinguished: infilling, edge-expansion, and spontaneous growth. Edge-expansion was the primary growth type. Infilling growth became the main growth type in the periods 1946-70, 1988-97, and 2004-10. Spontaneous growth was concentrated in the period of 1997 to 2000. The results of landscape metrics indicate that the urban landscape of Shenyang originally was highly aggregated, but has become increasingly fragmented. The urban fringe area was the traditional hot zone of urbanization. Shenyang was mainly located north of the Hun River before 1980; however, the south side of the river has been the hot zone of urbanization since the 1980s. The increase of urban area strongly correlated with the growth of GDP and population. Over a long time scale, the urbanization process has been affected by major historical events.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus