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AnthWest, occurrence records for wool carder bees of the genus Anthidium (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae, Anthidiini) in the Western Hemisphere.

Griswold T, Gonzalez VH, Ikerd H - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: For a small portion of the database records, bees associated with threatened or endangered plants (~ 0.08% of total records) as well as specimens collected as part of unpublished biological inventories (~17%), georeferencing is presented only to nearest degree and the information on floral host, locality, elevation, month, and day has been withheld.This database can potentially be used in species distribution and niche modeling studies, as well as in assessments of pollinator status and pollination services.For native pollinators, this large dataset of occurrence records is the first to be simultaneously developed during a species-level systematic study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: USDA-ARS. Bee Biology & Systematics Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322-5310, USA.

ABSTRACT
This paper describes AnthWest, a large dataset that represents one of the outcomes of a comprehensive, broadly comparative study on the diversity, biology, biogeography, and evolution of Anthidium Fabricius in the Western Hemisphere. In this dataset a total of 22,648 adult occurrence records comprising 9657 unique events are documented for 92 species of Anthidium, including the invasive range of two introduced species from Eurasia, A. oblongatum (Illiger) and A. manicatum (Linnaeus). The geospatial coverage of the dataset extends from northern Canada and Alaska to southern Argentina, and from below sea level in Death Valley, California, USA, to 4700 m a.s.l. in Tucumán, Argentina. The majority of records in the dataset correspond to information recorded from individual specimens examined by the authors during this project and deposited in 60 biodiversity collections located in Africa, Europe, North and South America. A fraction (4.8%) of the occurrence records were taken from the literature, largely California records from a taxonomic treatment with some additional records for the two introduced species. The temporal scale of the dataset represents collection events recorded between 1886 and 2012. The dataset was developed employing SQL server 2008 r2. For each specimen, the following information is generally provided: scientific name including identification qualifier when species status is uncertain (e.g. "Questionable Determination" for 0.4% of the specimens), sex, temporal and geospatial details, coordinates, data collector, host plants, associated organisms, name of identifier, historic identification, historic identifier, taxonomic value (i.e., type specimen, voucher, etc.), and repository. For a small portion of the database records, bees associated with threatened or endangered plants (~ 0.08% of total records) as well as specimens collected as part of unpublished biological inventories (~17%), georeferencing is presented only to nearest degree and the information on floral host, locality, elevation, month, and day has been withheld. This database can potentially be used in species distribution and niche modeling studies, as well as in assessments of pollinator status and pollination services. For native pollinators, this large dataset of occurrence records is the first to be simultaneously developed during a species-level systematic study.

No MeSH data available.


Percentage of specimen records per species of Anthidium in the AnthWest database. The category “Others” correspond to remaining species with specimen records accounting for less than 2%. All individual species shown except Anthidium chilense are Nearctic.
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Figure 4: Percentage of specimen records per species of Anthidium in the AnthWest database. The category “Others” correspond to remaining species with specimen records accounting for less than 2%. All individual species shown except Anthidium chilense are Nearctic.

Mentions: General taxonomic coverage description: The coverage of this dataset includes all 92 species of the bee genus Anthidium known to occur in the Western Hemisphere, including two that are introduced. Anthidium belongs to the tribe Anthidiini and is among the most diverse genera of the family Megachilidae. Based on the materials used in nest construction, anthidiines are broadly classed into two groups, carder bees and resin bees. While resin bees are generically diverse in the Western Hemisphere, Anthidium is the sole representative of carder bees in the Americas. As such this dataset documents all of a functional bee group for the Americas. The greatest number of data records are for two widespread western North American species, Anthidium utahense Swenk (2409 records) and Anthidium mormonum Cresson (1615 records) (Fig. 4). The species with the least number of records are Anthidium alsinai Urban, Anthidium isabelae Urban, Anthidium larocai Urban, Anthidium luizae Urban, Anthidium multispinosum Gonzalez & Griswold, Anthidium neffi Gonzalez & Griswold, and Anthidium rozeni Urban, each represented by a single data record. Though these species are rare in collections, there is no knowledge whether they are rare in nature, though at least for Anthidium multispinosum, it is likely that it has a restricted distribution. No Anthidium in the Western Hemisphere have formally been listed as threatened or endangered.


AnthWest, occurrence records for wool carder bees of the genus Anthidium (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae, Anthidiini) in the Western Hemisphere.

Griswold T, Gonzalez VH, Ikerd H - Zookeys (2014)

Percentage of specimen records per species of Anthidium in the AnthWest database. The category “Others” correspond to remaining species with specimen records accounting for less than 2%. All individual species shown except Anthidium chilense are Nearctic.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042824&req=5

Figure 4: Percentage of specimen records per species of Anthidium in the AnthWest database. The category “Others” correspond to remaining species with specimen records accounting for less than 2%. All individual species shown except Anthidium chilense are Nearctic.
Mentions: General taxonomic coverage description: The coverage of this dataset includes all 92 species of the bee genus Anthidium known to occur in the Western Hemisphere, including two that are introduced. Anthidium belongs to the tribe Anthidiini and is among the most diverse genera of the family Megachilidae. Based on the materials used in nest construction, anthidiines are broadly classed into two groups, carder bees and resin bees. While resin bees are generically diverse in the Western Hemisphere, Anthidium is the sole representative of carder bees in the Americas. As such this dataset documents all of a functional bee group for the Americas. The greatest number of data records are for two widespread western North American species, Anthidium utahense Swenk (2409 records) and Anthidium mormonum Cresson (1615 records) (Fig. 4). The species with the least number of records are Anthidium alsinai Urban, Anthidium isabelae Urban, Anthidium larocai Urban, Anthidium luizae Urban, Anthidium multispinosum Gonzalez & Griswold, Anthidium neffi Gonzalez & Griswold, and Anthidium rozeni Urban, each represented by a single data record. Though these species are rare in collections, there is no knowledge whether they are rare in nature, though at least for Anthidium multispinosum, it is likely that it has a restricted distribution. No Anthidium in the Western Hemisphere have formally been listed as threatened or endangered.

Bottom Line: For a small portion of the database records, bees associated with threatened or endangered plants (~ 0.08% of total records) as well as specimens collected as part of unpublished biological inventories (~17%), georeferencing is presented only to nearest degree and the information on floral host, locality, elevation, month, and day has been withheld.This database can potentially be used in species distribution and niche modeling studies, as well as in assessments of pollinator status and pollination services.For native pollinators, this large dataset of occurrence records is the first to be simultaneously developed during a species-level systematic study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: USDA-ARS. Bee Biology & Systematics Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322-5310, USA.

ABSTRACT
This paper describes AnthWest, a large dataset that represents one of the outcomes of a comprehensive, broadly comparative study on the diversity, biology, biogeography, and evolution of Anthidium Fabricius in the Western Hemisphere. In this dataset a total of 22,648 adult occurrence records comprising 9657 unique events are documented for 92 species of Anthidium, including the invasive range of two introduced species from Eurasia, A. oblongatum (Illiger) and A. manicatum (Linnaeus). The geospatial coverage of the dataset extends from northern Canada and Alaska to southern Argentina, and from below sea level in Death Valley, California, USA, to 4700 m a.s.l. in Tucumán, Argentina. The majority of records in the dataset correspond to information recorded from individual specimens examined by the authors during this project and deposited in 60 biodiversity collections located in Africa, Europe, North and South America. A fraction (4.8%) of the occurrence records were taken from the literature, largely California records from a taxonomic treatment with some additional records for the two introduced species. The temporal scale of the dataset represents collection events recorded between 1886 and 2012. The dataset was developed employing SQL server 2008 r2. For each specimen, the following information is generally provided: scientific name including identification qualifier when species status is uncertain (e.g. "Questionable Determination" for 0.4% of the specimens), sex, temporal and geospatial details, coordinates, data collector, host plants, associated organisms, name of identifier, historic identification, historic identifier, taxonomic value (i.e., type specimen, voucher, etc.), and repository. For a small portion of the database records, bees associated with threatened or endangered plants (~ 0.08% of total records) as well as specimens collected as part of unpublished biological inventories (~17%), georeferencing is presented only to nearest degree and the information on floral host, locality, elevation, month, and day has been withheld. This database can potentially be used in species distribution and niche modeling studies, as well as in assessments of pollinator status and pollination services. For native pollinators, this large dataset of occurrence records is the first to be simultaneously developed during a species-level systematic study.

No MeSH data available.