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A new species of Dystacta Saussure, 1871 from Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda (Insecta, Mantodea, Dystactinae).

Tedrow R, Nathan K, Richard N, Svenson GJ - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca.In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group.Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA ; Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT
A recent targeted entomological survey in the Republic of Rwanda has produced two conspecific male and female specimens of an undescribed species of praying mantis (Mantodea). The specimens were collected in Nyungwe National Park in May of 2013. The species is closest morphologically to Dystacta alticeps (Schaum, 1853). Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca. In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group. Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n. Allotype female abdomen preserved in ethanol: A lateral B dorsal. Ootheca (scale bar = 1 cm): C dorsal D lateral.
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Figure 6: Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n. Allotype female abdomen preserved in ethanol: A lateral B dorsal. Ootheca (scale bar = 1 cm): C dorsal D lateral.

Mentions: Abdomen (Fig. 6A–B): Very broad, elliptical, the widest being the middle. Tergites and sternites with small, black tubercles along the posterior margins; fine setae disperse across dorsal and ventral surface; each tergite with a medial keel, more pronounced anteriorly. Described from the ethanol preserved specimen, plates 2,3,4, and 5 with small carinae near the lateral margin forming a 45 degree angle with the distal margins of their respective segments, the carinae highest at the margin and descending medially at approximately a 45 degree angle. Tergites rounded at the postero-lateral margins. Supra-anal plate transverse, evenly rounded terminus. The ovipositor enlarged and broad, projecting far beyond the distal margin of the supra-anal plate and the cerci. Cerci round, tapering to a point.


A new species of Dystacta Saussure, 1871 from Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda (Insecta, Mantodea, Dystactinae).

Tedrow R, Nathan K, Richard N, Svenson GJ - Zookeys (2014)

Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n. Allotype female abdomen preserved in ethanol: A lateral B dorsal. Ootheca (scale bar = 1 cm): C dorsal D lateral.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042705&req=5

Figure 6: Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n. Allotype female abdomen preserved in ethanol: A lateral B dorsal. Ootheca (scale bar = 1 cm): C dorsal D lateral.
Mentions: Abdomen (Fig. 6A–B): Very broad, elliptical, the widest being the middle. Tergites and sternites with small, black tubercles along the posterior margins; fine setae disperse across dorsal and ventral surface; each tergite with a medial keel, more pronounced anteriorly. Described from the ethanol preserved specimen, plates 2,3,4, and 5 with small carinae near the lateral margin forming a 45 degree angle with the distal margins of their respective segments, the carinae highest at the margin and descending medially at approximately a 45 degree angle. Tergites rounded at the postero-lateral margins. Supra-anal plate transverse, evenly rounded terminus. The ovipositor enlarged and broad, projecting far beyond the distal margin of the supra-anal plate and the cerci. Cerci round, tapering to a point.

Bottom Line: Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca.In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group.Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA ; Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT
A recent targeted entomological survey in the Republic of Rwanda has produced two conspecific male and female specimens of an undescribed species of praying mantis (Mantodea). The specimens were collected in Nyungwe National Park in May of 2013. The species is closest morphologically to Dystacta alticeps (Schaum, 1853). Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca. In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group. Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus