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A new species of Dystacta Saussure, 1871 from Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda (Insecta, Mantodea, Dystactinae).

Tedrow R, Nathan K, Richard N, Svenson GJ - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca.In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group.Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA ; Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT
A recent targeted entomological survey in the Republic of Rwanda has produced two conspecific male and female specimens of an undescribed species of praying mantis (Mantodea). The specimens were collected in Nyungwe National Park in May of 2013. The species is closest morphologically to Dystacta alticeps (Schaum, 1853). Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca. In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group. Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., pronotum from the dorsal perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.
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Figure 5: Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., pronotum from the dorsal perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.

Mentions: Pronotum (Figs 2B, 5A): Longer than wide, with an expanded supra-coxal bulge; dorsal surface smooth. Prozone with two angled carina oriented anterolateral from the supra-coxal sulcus; medial region of prozone peaked, sloping steeply to the anterior margins; medium length with margins gradually tapering anteriorly to a rounded anterior margin; the margins smooth, but with setae present. Metazone with two small depressions posterior to the supra-coxal sulcus; two large and prominent tubercles positioned on each side of the medial line just anterior to the posterior margin, a raised carina oriented anterolaterally, extending to the lateral margins of the metazone. Metazone with concave lateral margins tapering posteriorly until two thirds from the supra-coxal bulge, then widening to the posterior margin; margins smooth, but with setae present; the dorsal surface of the metazone not depressed. Ochre with faint black spots and more opaque black lines laterally. Prosternum ochre with dark brown speckling that becomes more dense posteriorly.


A new species of Dystacta Saussure, 1871 from Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda (Insecta, Mantodea, Dystactinae).

Tedrow R, Nathan K, Richard N, Svenson GJ - Zookeys (2014)

Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., pronotum from the dorsal perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042705&req=5

Figure 5: Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., pronotum from the dorsal perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.
Mentions: Pronotum (Figs 2B, 5A): Longer than wide, with an expanded supra-coxal bulge; dorsal surface smooth. Prozone with two angled carina oriented anterolateral from the supra-coxal sulcus; medial region of prozone peaked, sloping steeply to the anterior margins; medium length with margins gradually tapering anteriorly to a rounded anterior margin; the margins smooth, but with setae present. Metazone with two small depressions posterior to the supra-coxal sulcus; two large and prominent tubercles positioned on each side of the medial line just anterior to the posterior margin, a raised carina oriented anterolaterally, extending to the lateral margins of the metazone. Metazone with concave lateral margins tapering posteriorly until two thirds from the supra-coxal bulge, then widening to the posterior margin; margins smooth, but with setae present; the dorsal surface of the metazone not depressed. Ochre with faint black spots and more opaque black lines laterally. Prosternum ochre with dark brown speckling that becomes more dense posteriorly.

Bottom Line: Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca.In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group.Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA ; Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT
A recent targeted entomological survey in the Republic of Rwanda has produced two conspecific male and female specimens of an undescribed species of praying mantis (Mantodea). The specimens were collected in Nyungwe National Park in May of 2013. The species is closest morphologically to Dystacta alticeps (Schaum, 1853). Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca. In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group. Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus