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A new species of Dystacta Saussure, 1871 from Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda (Insecta, Mantodea, Dystactinae).

Tedrow R, Nathan K, Richard N, Svenson GJ - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca.In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group.Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA ; Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT
A recent targeted entomological survey in the Republic of Rwanda has produced two conspecific male and female specimens of an undescribed species of praying mantis (Mantodea). The specimens were collected in Nyungwe National Park in May of 2013. The species is closest morphologically to Dystacta alticeps (Schaum, 1853). Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca. In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group. Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., head from the anterior perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.
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Figure 4: Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., head from the anterior perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.

Mentions: Head (Fig. 4A): Transverse, eyes slightly exophthalmic; the vertex rounded, the parietal sutures present; juxta-ocular protuberances absent. Frontal suture faint with a medial carina forming a continuous arc. Ocelli large, protruding on small cuticular mounds, but the region between all three slightly raised, with a triangular shape; the lateral ocelli oriented outward; the region around the raised ocelli and below the frontal suture depressed. Clypeus transverse, the upper margin convex, the lateral margins tapering; surface with moderate sculpting; the lower margin of the clypeus slightly concave. Labrum rounded. Antennae with a mostly pale pedicel and scape, but both with small black marks; the flagellomeres mostly pale in the basal half, transitioning to black on the distal end of the antennae, the setae dark colored, with 4-5 setae on each flagellomere. Anterior surface of head mostly pale or ochre with tiny dark speckling across the surface; frons ochre with dark splotches of black, a transverse black band just below the antennae extends laterally across the anterior surface of the eyes; the clypeus ochre with dark splotches of black; labrum ochre with black splotches, with ochre mandibles; vertex ochre with black splotches; raised area around ocelli black. Maxillary palpi ochre with black spots with the terminal segment black on one side.


A new species of Dystacta Saussure, 1871 from Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda (Insecta, Mantodea, Dystactinae).

Tedrow R, Nathan K, Richard N, Svenson GJ - Zookeys (2014)

Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., head from the anterior perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042705&req=5

Figure 4: Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., head from the anterior perspective (scale bar = 1 mm): A holotype male B allotype female.
Mentions: Head (Fig. 4A): Transverse, eyes slightly exophthalmic; the vertex rounded, the parietal sutures present; juxta-ocular protuberances absent. Frontal suture faint with a medial carina forming a continuous arc. Ocelli large, protruding on small cuticular mounds, but the region between all three slightly raised, with a triangular shape; the lateral ocelli oriented outward; the region around the raised ocelli and below the frontal suture depressed. Clypeus transverse, the upper margin convex, the lateral margins tapering; surface with moderate sculpting; the lower margin of the clypeus slightly concave. Labrum rounded. Antennae with a mostly pale pedicel and scape, but both with small black marks; the flagellomeres mostly pale in the basal half, transitioning to black on the distal end of the antennae, the setae dark colored, with 4-5 setae on each flagellomere. Anterior surface of head mostly pale or ochre with tiny dark speckling across the surface; frons ochre with dark splotches of black, a transverse black band just below the antennae extends laterally across the anterior surface of the eyes; the clypeus ochre with dark splotches of black; labrum ochre with black splotches, with ochre mandibles; vertex ochre with black splotches; raised area around ocelli black. Maxillary palpi ochre with black spots with the terminal segment black on one side.

Bottom Line: Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca.In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group.Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA ; Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

ABSTRACT
A recent targeted entomological survey in the Republic of Rwanda has produced two conspecific male and female specimens of an undescribed species of praying mantis (Mantodea). The specimens were collected in Nyungwe National Park in May of 2013. The species is closest morphologically to Dystacta alticeps (Schaum, 1853). Therefore, a new species is described, Dystacta tigrifrutex sp. n., along with the first instar nymphs and ootheca. In addition, the previously monotypic genus Dystacta Saussure, 1871 is re-described to provide a broader definition of the genus group. Habitus images, measurement data, a key to species, natural history information, and locality data are provided.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus