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Inventory of the carabid beetle fauna of the Gaoligong Mountains, western Yunnan Province, China: species of the tribe Zabrini (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Kavanaugh DH, Hieke F, Liang H, Dong D - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic.Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized.We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118, U.S.A.

ABSTRACT
A ten-year multidisciplinary, multi-national and multi-institutional biodiversity inventory project in the Gaoligong Shan region of western Yunnan Province, China generated more than 35,000 specimens of the beetle (Coleoptera) family Carabidae. In this report, first of a planned series, we focus on diversity in tribe Zabrini. Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic. We present a key for identification of adults of these species, as well as nomenclatural data, diagnoses, illustrations of dorsal habitus and male genitalia, and information about geographical, altitudinal and habitat distributions within the study area and overall geographical distribution for each species. Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized. We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

No MeSH data available.


2 Map showing natural extent of study area, colored in gray (however, sampling was permitted only in those portions in Yunnan Province 3 Map showing location of core sampling areas 4 Map showing locations of all entomological sampling sites.
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Figure 2: 2 Map showing natural extent of study area, colored in gray (however, sampling was permitted only in those portions in Yunnan Province 3 Map showing location of core sampling areas 4 Map showing locations of all entomological sampling sites.

Mentions: The natural physiographic limits of the study area for the project are as shown in Fig. 2 and include areas in eastern Myanmar and southern Xizhang (Tibet); but we had permission to survey only those parts in Yunnan Province. Specialists for all taxonomic groups concentrated their efforts on seven core areas within the project region (Fig. 3), selected to facilitate comparisons of possible north to south and east to west spatial differences within the regional biota, as well as recognition of areas of local endemism. Other areas were sampled as time and opportunity permitted. The entomological team made a total of 13 expeditions to the Gaoligong region. Our sampling sites within the region are shown in Fig. 4. Habitats included in the study area range from subtropical lowland rainforest to the margin of glaciers and snowfields. In all, more than 35,000 carabid specimens were collected during the project by using a variety of collecting methods, including hand collecting both day and night, beating vegetation, sifting litter with subsequent extraction by hand or by mini-Winkler units, and Malaise flight traps and pitfall traps. All specimens were sorted to morphospecies (i.e., presumptive species units based on features of external structure and male and female genitalic traits) and detailed systematic studies of taxonomic groups are ongoing.


Inventory of the carabid beetle fauna of the Gaoligong Mountains, western Yunnan Province, China: species of the tribe Zabrini (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Kavanaugh DH, Hieke F, Liang H, Dong D - Zookeys (2014)

2 Map showing natural extent of study area, colored in gray (however, sampling was permitted only in those portions in Yunnan Province 3 Map showing location of core sampling areas 4 Map showing locations of all entomological sampling sites.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042703&req=5

Figure 2: 2 Map showing natural extent of study area, colored in gray (however, sampling was permitted only in those portions in Yunnan Province 3 Map showing location of core sampling areas 4 Map showing locations of all entomological sampling sites.
Mentions: The natural physiographic limits of the study area for the project are as shown in Fig. 2 and include areas in eastern Myanmar and southern Xizhang (Tibet); but we had permission to survey only those parts in Yunnan Province. Specialists for all taxonomic groups concentrated their efforts on seven core areas within the project region (Fig. 3), selected to facilitate comparisons of possible north to south and east to west spatial differences within the regional biota, as well as recognition of areas of local endemism. Other areas were sampled as time and opportunity permitted. The entomological team made a total of 13 expeditions to the Gaoligong region. Our sampling sites within the region are shown in Fig. 4. Habitats included in the study area range from subtropical lowland rainforest to the margin of glaciers and snowfields. In all, more than 35,000 carabid specimens were collected during the project by using a variety of collecting methods, including hand collecting both day and night, beating vegetation, sifting litter with subsequent extraction by hand or by mini-Winkler units, and Malaise flight traps and pitfall traps. All specimens were sorted to morphospecies (i.e., presumptive species units based on features of external structure and male and female genitalic traits) and detailed systematic studies of taxonomic groups are ongoing.

Bottom Line: Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic.Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized.We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118, U.S.A.

ABSTRACT
A ten-year multidisciplinary, multi-national and multi-institutional biodiversity inventory project in the Gaoligong Shan region of western Yunnan Province, China generated more than 35,000 specimens of the beetle (Coleoptera) family Carabidae. In this report, first of a planned series, we focus on diversity in tribe Zabrini. Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic. We present a key for identification of adults of these species, as well as nomenclatural data, diagnoses, illustrations of dorsal habitus and male genitalia, and information about geographical, altitudinal and habitat distributions within the study area and overall geographical distribution for each species. Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized. We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

No MeSH data available.