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Inventory of the carabid beetle fauna of the Gaoligong Mountains, western Yunnan Province, China: species of the tribe Zabrini (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Kavanaugh DH, Hieke F, Liang H, Dong D - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic.Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized.We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118, U.S.A.

ABSTRACT
A ten-year multidisciplinary, multi-national and multi-institutional biodiversity inventory project in the Gaoligong Shan region of western Yunnan Province, China generated more than 35,000 specimens of the beetle (Coleoptera) family Carabidae. In this report, first of a planned series, we focus on diversity in tribe Zabrini. Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic. We present a key for identification of adults of these species, as well as nomenclatural data, diagnoses, illustrations of dorsal habitus and male genitalia, and information about geographical, altitudinal and habitat distributions within the study area and overall geographical distribution for each species. Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized. We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Map of Asia with study region outlined; scale line = 500 km. Modified from Wikimedia Commons, World Atlas of the World, at URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8f/Whole_world_-_land_and_oceans_12000.jpg
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Figure 1: Map of Asia with study region outlined; scale line = 500 km. Modified from Wikimedia Commons, World Atlas of the World, at URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8f/Whole_world_-_land_and_oceans_12000.jpg

Mentions: The Gaoligong Shan (Gaoligong Mountains) of extreme western Yunnan province, China, form the westernmost range of the Hengduan Mountains system of southeastern Xizang Autonomous Region (Tibet), northern and western Yunnan, and western Sichuan (Fig. 1). They extend north to south for more than 600 km, and, in the central part of the range, their crest forms the border between China and Myanmar. They also separate and form parts of the watersheds of two of Southeast Asia’s major rivers, the Irrawaddy and the Salween (known in China as the Nujiang). Elevations within the region range from a low of about 650 m in the south to more than 5000 m in the north. Chaplin (2006) reviewed the physical geography of the region. Because of its geographic isolation and rugged topography, much of this area has remained less disturbed than most other parts of China; and previous biological exploration of the area over the past 150 years has revealed exceptionally high species richness, based almost exclusively on records for vertebrates (e.g., Stattersfield et al. 1998) and vascular plants (Li et al 2000). Because of these traits, two large nature reserves have been established in the area, and the region has been included in the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan World Heritage Site (UNESCO 2003).


Inventory of the carabid beetle fauna of the Gaoligong Mountains, western Yunnan Province, China: species of the tribe Zabrini (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Kavanaugh DH, Hieke F, Liang H, Dong D - Zookeys (2014)

Map of Asia with study region outlined; scale line = 500 km. Modified from Wikimedia Commons, World Atlas of the World, at URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8f/Whole_world_-_land_and_oceans_12000.jpg
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042703&req=5

Figure 1: Map of Asia with study region outlined; scale line = 500 km. Modified from Wikimedia Commons, World Atlas of the World, at URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8f/Whole_world_-_land_and_oceans_12000.jpg
Mentions: The Gaoligong Shan (Gaoligong Mountains) of extreme western Yunnan province, China, form the westernmost range of the Hengduan Mountains system of southeastern Xizang Autonomous Region (Tibet), northern and western Yunnan, and western Sichuan (Fig. 1). They extend north to south for more than 600 km, and, in the central part of the range, their crest forms the border between China and Myanmar. They also separate and form parts of the watersheds of two of Southeast Asia’s major rivers, the Irrawaddy and the Salween (known in China as the Nujiang). Elevations within the region range from a low of about 650 m in the south to more than 5000 m in the north. Chaplin (2006) reviewed the physical geography of the region. Because of its geographic isolation and rugged topography, much of this area has remained less disturbed than most other parts of China; and previous biological exploration of the area over the past 150 years has revealed exceptionally high species richness, based almost exclusively on records for vertebrates (e.g., Stattersfield et al. 1998) and vascular plants (Li et al 2000). Because of these traits, two large nature reserves have been established in the area, and the region has been included in the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan World Heritage Site (UNESCO 2003).

Bottom Line: Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic.Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized.We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118, U.S.A.

ABSTRACT
A ten-year multidisciplinary, multi-national and multi-institutional biodiversity inventory project in the Gaoligong Shan region of western Yunnan Province, China generated more than 35,000 specimens of the beetle (Coleoptera) family Carabidae. In this report, first of a planned series, we focus on diversity in tribe Zabrini. Our study of just over 1300 specimens of zabrine carabids from the project, all in genus Amara Bonelli, found a total of 13 species, all previously described, to occur in the study area, with none of them strictly endemic. We present a key for identification of adults of these species, as well as nomenclatural data, diagnoses, illustrations of dorsal habitus and male genitalia, and information about geographical, altitudinal and habitat distributions within the study area and overall geographical distribution for each species. Distributions of the species within the study area are compared, and broader geographical range patterns are characterized. We also discuss a possible role of the Gaoligong Shan region as one source area for the present-day fauna of the Himalaya and southern edge of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus