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Ethnic variation in breastfeeding and complimentary feeding in the Republic of Ireland.

Castro PD, Layte R, Kearney J - Nutrients (2014)

Bottom Line: Breastfeeding initiation reduced from 89.4% of non-Irish mothers who had arrived within the last year to five years ago to 67.5% for those who had arrived 11 to >20 years ago (p < 0.001).Our results indicate that cultural differences are an important factor in shaping patterns of infant feeding in the ROI.Reviewing existing support and education policies for parents is required to achieve the implementation of desirable infant feeding practices.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland. domingup@tcd.ie.

ABSTRACT
Early nutrition plays a pivotal role in long-term health. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life, with the gradual introduction of solids after this period. However, studies in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) have shown poor compliance with guidelines. The ROI continues to have one of the lowest breastfeeding rates worldwide. Our objective was to analyse differences in breastfeeding and complimentary feeding behaviours between Irish and non-Irish mothers residing in the ROI, as well as the role of acculturation on these behaviours, using the national longitudinal study, Growing Up in Ireland (GUI). Mothers (n = 11,134) residing in the ROI were interviewed when their infants were nine months of age. The percentage of Irish mothers who initiated breastfeeding was 49.5%, as opposed to 88.1% among the non-Irish cohort (p < 0.001). Breastfeeding initiation reduced from 89.4% of non-Irish mothers who had arrived within the last year to five years ago to 67.5% for those who had arrived 11 to >20 years ago (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that cultural differences are an important factor in shaping patterns of infant feeding in the ROI. Reviewing existing support and education policies for parents is required to achieve the implementation of desirable infant feeding practices.

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Breastfeeding initiation by ethnic group.
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nutrients-06-01832-f001: Breastfeeding initiation by ethnic group.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows that the ethnic group with the highest percentage of mothers who breastfed their infants was African or any other black background, with 92.5% of mothers initiating breastfeeding. This group was followed by Chinese mothers, with 91.6% of breastfeeding initiation. Figure 2 shows the percentage of mothers introducing complimentary foods in the <17 weeks and ≥17 weeks categories classified by ethnic group. Fifteen-point-five percent of mothers with an Irish ethnic background introduced complimentary foods early (<17 weeks). The group with the lowest percentage of mothers introducing complimentary foods early (4.8%) was Chinese or any other Asian background.


Ethnic variation in breastfeeding and complimentary feeding in the Republic of Ireland.

Castro PD, Layte R, Kearney J - Nutrients (2014)

Breastfeeding initiation by ethnic group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042572&req=5

nutrients-06-01832-f001: Breastfeeding initiation by ethnic group.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows that the ethnic group with the highest percentage of mothers who breastfed their infants was African or any other black background, with 92.5% of mothers initiating breastfeeding. This group was followed by Chinese mothers, with 91.6% of breastfeeding initiation. Figure 2 shows the percentage of mothers introducing complimentary foods in the <17 weeks and ≥17 weeks categories classified by ethnic group. Fifteen-point-five percent of mothers with an Irish ethnic background introduced complimentary foods early (<17 weeks). The group with the lowest percentage of mothers introducing complimentary foods early (4.8%) was Chinese or any other Asian background.

Bottom Line: Breastfeeding initiation reduced from 89.4% of non-Irish mothers who had arrived within the last year to five years ago to 67.5% for those who had arrived 11 to >20 years ago (p < 0.001).Our results indicate that cultural differences are an important factor in shaping patterns of infant feeding in the ROI.Reviewing existing support and education policies for parents is required to achieve the implementation of desirable infant feeding practices.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland. domingup@tcd.ie.

ABSTRACT
Early nutrition plays a pivotal role in long-term health. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life, with the gradual introduction of solids after this period. However, studies in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) have shown poor compliance with guidelines. The ROI continues to have one of the lowest breastfeeding rates worldwide. Our objective was to analyse differences in breastfeeding and complimentary feeding behaviours between Irish and non-Irish mothers residing in the ROI, as well as the role of acculturation on these behaviours, using the national longitudinal study, Growing Up in Ireland (GUI). Mothers (n = 11,134) residing in the ROI were interviewed when their infants were nine months of age. The percentage of Irish mothers who initiated breastfeeding was 49.5%, as opposed to 88.1% among the non-Irish cohort (p < 0.001). Breastfeeding initiation reduced from 89.4% of non-Irish mothers who had arrived within the last year to five years ago to 67.5% for those who had arrived 11 to >20 years ago (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that cultural differences are an important factor in shaping patterns of infant feeding in the ROI. Reviewing existing support and education policies for parents is required to achieve the implementation of desirable infant feeding practices.

Show MeSH