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Estimated intakes and sources of total and added sugars in the Canadian diet.

Brisbois TD, Marsden SL, Anderson GH, Sievenpiper JL - Nutrients (2014)

Bottom Line: Analysis of both survey and availability data suggests that added sugars average 11%-13% of total energy intake.Availability data indicate that added sugars intakes have been stable or modestly declining as a percent of total energy over the past three decades.Although these are best estimates based on available data, this analysis may encourage the development of better databases to help inform public policy recommendations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Nutrition Information Service, Canadian Sugar Institute, 10 Bay Street, Ste. 620, Toronto, ON M5J 2R8, Canada. nutrdirector@sugar.ca.

ABSTRACT
National food supply data and dietary surveys are essential to estimate nutrient intakes and monitor trends, yet there are few published studies estimating added sugars consumption. The purpose of this report was to estimate and trend added sugars intakes and their contribution to total energy intake among Canadians by, first, using Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) nutrition survey data of intakes of sugars in foods and beverages, and second, using Statistics Canada availability data and adjusting these for wastage to estimate intakes. Added sugars intakes were estimated from CCHS data by categorizing the sugars content of food groups as either added or naturally occurring. Added sugars accounted for approximately half of total sugars consumed. Annual availability data were obtained from Statistics Canada CANSIM database. Estimates for added sugars were obtained by summing the availability of "sugars and syrups" with availability of "soft drinks" (proxy for high fructose corn syrup) and adjusting for waste. Analysis of both survey and availability data suggests that added sugars average 11%-13% of total energy intake. Availability data indicate that added sugars intakes have been stable or modestly declining as a percent of total energy over the past three decades. Although these are best estimates based on available data, this analysis may encourage the development of better databases to help inform public policy recommendations.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Average daily total carbohydrate, total sugars, and estimated added sugars intake (each as % calories) among Canadians according to Canadian Community Health Survey (2004) food intake data [5,7]. It should be noted that total carbohydrates consist of total sugars, and total sugars includes added sugars; therefore the bars are not to be summed.
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nutrients-06-01899-f001: Average daily total carbohydrate, total sugars, and estimated added sugars intake (each as % calories) among Canadians according to Canadian Community Health Survey (2004) food intake data [5,7]. It should be noted that total carbohydrates consist of total sugars, and total sugars includes added sugars; therefore the bars are not to be summed.

Mentions: Both total carbohydrate and total sugars intakes declined with age as a proportion of total calories consumed (Figure 1). Added sugars intake peaked during adolescent years, but otherwise remained relatively stable across the lifespan. Total sugars accounted for less than half (44%) of carbohydrate intake; added sugars accounted for less than a quarter. Average intakes of carbohydrate, total sugars and added sugars among Canadians were within dietary recommendations (Table 2).


Estimated intakes and sources of total and added sugars in the Canadian diet.

Brisbois TD, Marsden SL, Anderson GH, Sievenpiper JL - Nutrients (2014)

Average daily total carbohydrate, total sugars, and estimated added sugars intake (each as % calories) among Canadians according to Canadian Community Health Survey (2004) food intake data [5,7]. It should be noted that total carbohydrates consist of total sugars, and total sugars includes added sugars; therefore the bars are not to be summed.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042566&req=5

nutrients-06-01899-f001: Average daily total carbohydrate, total sugars, and estimated added sugars intake (each as % calories) among Canadians according to Canadian Community Health Survey (2004) food intake data [5,7]. It should be noted that total carbohydrates consist of total sugars, and total sugars includes added sugars; therefore the bars are not to be summed.
Mentions: Both total carbohydrate and total sugars intakes declined with age as a proportion of total calories consumed (Figure 1). Added sugars intake peaked during adolescent years, but otherwise remained relatively stable across the lifespan. Total sugars accounted for less than half (44%) of carbohydrate intake; added sugars accounted for less than a quarter. Average intakes of carbohydrate, total sugars and added sugars among Canadians were within dietary recommendations (Table 2).

Bottom Line: Analysis of both survey and availability data suggests that added sugars average 11%-13% of total energy intake.Availability data indicate that added sugars intakes have been stable or modestly declining as a percent of total energy over the past three decades.Although these are best estimates based on available data, this analysis may encourage the development of better databases to help inform public policy recommendations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Nutrition Information Service, Canadian Sugar Institute, 10 Bay Street, Ste. 620, Toronto, ON M5J 2R8, Canada. nutrdirector@sugar.ca.

ABSTRACT
National food supply data and dietary surveys are essential to estimate nutrient intakes and monitor trends, yet there are few published studies estimating added sugars consumption. The purpose of this report was to estimate and trend added sugars intakes and their contribution to total energy intake among Canadians by, first, using Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) nutrition survey data of intakes of sugars in foods and beverages, and second, using Statistics Canada availability data and adjusting these for wastage to estimate intakes. Added sugars intakes were estimated from CCHS data by categorizing the sugars content of food groups as either added or naturally occurring. Added sugars accounted for approximately half of total sugars consumed. Annual availability data were obtained from Statistics Canada CANSIM database. Estimates for added sugars were obtained by summing the availability of "sugars and syrups" with availability of "soft drinks" (proxy for high fructose corn syrup) and adjusting for waste. Analysis of both survey and availability data suggests that added sugars average 11%-13% of total energy intake. Availability data indicate that added sugars intakes have been stable or modestly declining as a percent of total energy over the past three decades. Although these are best estimates based on available data, this analysis may encourage the development of better databases to help inform public policy recommendations.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus