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Bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia: evidence based on negative priming and flanker tasks.

Dash T, Kar BR - Behav Neurol (2014)

Bottom Line: Bilingualism results in an added advantage with respect to cognitive control.The cumulative distribution function plots were used to visualize the variations in performance across conditions.The results highlight the distinction between general purpose cognitive control and bilingual language control mechanisms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, Senate Hall Campus, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Bilingualism results in an added advantage with respect to cognitive control. The interaction between bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control systems can also be understood by studying executive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia. objectives: The current study examined the subcomponents of cognitive control in bilingual aphasia. A case study approach was used to investigate whether cognitive control and language control are two separate systems and how factors related to bilingualism interact with control processes.

Methods: Four individuals with bilingual aphasia performed a language background questionnaire, picture description task, and two experimental tasks (nonlinguistic negative priming task and linguistic and nonlinguistic versions of flanker task).

Results: A descriptive approach was used to analyse the data using reaction time and accuracy measures. The cumulative distribution function plots were used to visualize the variations in performance across conditions. The results highlight the distinction between general purpose cognitive control and bilingual language control mechanisms.

Conclusion: All participants showed predominant use of the reactive control mechanism to compensate for the limited resources system. Independent yet interactive systems for bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control were postulated based on the experimental data derived from individuals with bilingual aphasia.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

(a–c): Reaction time data, error analysis, and CDF plot based on the performance of SC on the negative priming task.
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fig3: (a–c): Reaction time data, error analysis, and CDF plot based on the performance of SC on the negative priming task.

Mentions: The third participant, SC, performed at a below chance level on the negative priming task. However, interestingly, his performance (RTs) indicated both facilitation and inhibitory effects (see Figure 3(a)). Error analysis suggested the presence of an inhibitory effect with a greater number of errors on the ignored repetition condition compared to the control and attended repetition conditions, and an absence of the facilitation effect (no difference in errors between the attended repetition condition and control condition) (see Figure 3(b)). CDF plots also showed a uniform distribution for all three conditions (attended repetition < control < ignored repetition) showing no variations in performance with respect to the fast and slow trials across conditions (see Figure 3(c)). However, visual inspection of the CDF plots suggested a greater inhibition on the slow trials compared to the fast trials.


Bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia: evidence based on negative priming and flanker tasks.

Dash T, Kar BR - Behav Neurol (2014)

(a–c): Reaction time data, error analysis, and CDF plot based on the performance of SC on the negative priming task.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042523&req=5

fig3: (a–c): Reaction time data, error analysis, and CDF plot based on the performance of SC on the negative priming task.
Mentions: The third participant, SC, performed at a below chance level on the negative priming task. However, interestingly, his performance (RTs) indicated both facilitation and inhibitory effects (see Figure 3(a)). Error analysis suggested the presence of an inhibitory effect with a greater number of errors on the ignored repetition condition compared to the control and attended repetition conditions, and an absence of the facilitation effect (no difference in errors between the attended repetition condition and control condition) (see Figure 3(b)). CDF plots also showed a uniform distribution for all three conditions (attended repetition < control < ignored repetition) showing no variations in performance with respect to the fast and slow trials across conditions (see Figure 3(c)). However, visual inspection of the CDF plots suggested a greater inhibition on the slow trials compared to the fast trials.

Bottom Line: Bilingualism results in an added advantage with respect to cognitive control.The cumulative distribution function plots were used to visualize the variations in performance across conditions.The results highlight the distinction between general purpose cognitive control and bilingual language control mechanisms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, Senate Hall Campus, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Bilingualism results in an added advantage with respect to cognitive control. The interaction between bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control systems can also be understood by studying executive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia. objectives: The current study examined the subcomponents of cognitive control in bilingual aphasia. A case study approach was used to investigate whether cognitive control and language control are two separate systems and how factors related to bilingualism interact with control processes.

Methods: Four individuals with bilingual aphasia performed a language background questionnaire, picture description task, and two experimental tasks (nonlinguistic negative priming task and linguistic and nonlinguistic versions of flanker task).

Results: A descriptive approach was used to analyse the data using reaction time and accuracy measures. The cumulative distribution function plots were used to visualize the variations in performance across conditions. The results highlight the distinction between general purpose cognitive control and bilingual language control mechanisms.

Conclusion: All participants showed predominant use of the reactive control mechanism to compensate for the limited resources system. Independent yet interactive systems for bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control were postulated based on the experimental data derived from individuals with bilingual aphasia.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus