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Embodied mental rotation: a special link between egocentric transformation and the bodily self.

Kaltner S, Riecke BE, Jansen P - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: In line with this, we expected that images of the own body are solved faster than another person's body stimuli.Results showed a benefit of motor expertise and representations of another person's body, but only for the object-based transformation task.Regarding stimulus material, the other-advantage ascribed to increased self-awareness-consciousness distracting attention-demanding resources, disappeared in the egocentric condition.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Sport Science, University of Regensburg Regensburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
This experiment investigated the influence of motor expertise on object-based versus egocentric transformations in a chronometric mental rotation task using images of either the own or another person's body as stimulus material. According to the embodied cognition viewpoint, we hypothesized motor-experts to outperform non-motor experts specifically in the egocentric condition because of higher kinesthetic representation and motor simulations compared to object-based transformations. In line with this, we expected that images of the own body are solved faster than another person's body stimuli. Results showed a benefit of motor expertise and representations of another person's body, but only for the object-based transformation task. That is, this other-advantage diminishes in egocentric transformations. Since motor experts did not show any specific expertise in rotational movements, we concluded that using human bodies as stimulus material elicits embodied spatial transformations, which facilitates performance exclusively for egocentric transformations. Regarding stimulus material, the other-advantage ascribed to increased self-awareness-consciousness distracting attention-demanding resources, disappeared in the egocentric condition. This result may be due to the stronger link between the bodily self and motor representations compared to that emerging in object-based transformations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Reaction time (mean and SE) dependent on view and stimulus type for the object-based transformations. *p < 0.05.
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Figure 2: Reaction time (mean and SE) dependent on view and stimulus type for the object-based transformations. *p < 0.05.

Mentions: (1) The interaction between “view,” and “stimulus type” reached significance, F(1,79) = 4.61, p = 0.035, = 0.06, see Figure 2. Post hoc tests showed that the response time difference between the front and the back view was significantly larger for self-stimuli than for “other” human figures. That is, front view was processed more slowly than the back view for both “other” stimuli (Mfront = 1181.8 ms, SD = 33.9; Mback = 1135.9 ms, SD = 33.2) and “self” stimuli (Mfront = 1313.3 ms, SD = 49.5; Mback = 1224.6 ms, SD = 44.1). However, this difference was more pronounced when images of the “own” body (Mdiff = 90.2, SD = 18.9) were used instead of another person’s body (Mdiff = 46.3, SD = 13.7), in the sense of an “own-body-front-view-disadvantage,” t(80) = -2.19, p = 0.032.


Embodied mental rotation: a special link between egocentric transformation and the bodily self.

Kaltner S, Riecke BE, Jansen P - Front Psychol (2014)

Reaction time (mean and SE) dependent on view and stimulus type for the object-based transformations. *p < 0.05.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4042493&req=5

Figure 2: Reaction time (mean and SE) dependent on view and stimulus type for the object-based transformations. *p < 0.05.
Mentions: (1) The interaction between “view,” and “stimulus type” reached significance, F(1,79) = 4.61, p = 0.035, = 0.06, see Figure 2. Post hoc tests showed that the response time difference between the front and the back view was significantly larger for self-stimuli than for “other” human figures. That is, front view was processed more slowly than the back view for both “other” stimuli (Mfront = 1181.8 ms, SD = 33.9; Mback = 1135.9 ms, SD = 33.2) and “self” stimuli (Mfront = 1313.3 ms, SD = 49.5; Mback = 1224.6 ms, SD = 44.1). However, this difference was more pronounced when images of the “own” body (Mdiff = 90.2, SD = 18.9) were used instead of another person’s body (Mdiff = 46.3, SD = 13.7), in the sense of an “own-body-front-view-disadvantage,” t(80) = -2.19, p = 0.032.

Bottom Line: In line with this, we expected that images of the own body are solved faster than another person's body stimuli.Results showed a benefit of motor expertise and representations of another person's body, but only for the object-based transformation task.Regarding stimulus material, the other-advantage ascribed to increased self-awareness-consciousness distracting attention-demanding resources, disappeared in the egocentric condition.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Sport Science, University of Regensburg Regensburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
This experiment investigated the influence of motor expertise on object-based versus egocentric transformations in a chronometric mental rotation task using images of either the own or another person's body as stimulus material. According to the embodied cognition viewpoint, we hypothesized motor-experts to outperform non-motor experts specifically in the egocentric condition because of higher kinesthetic representation and motor simulations compared to object-based transformations. In line with this, we expected that images of the own body are solved faster than another person's body stimuli. Results showed a benefit of motor expertise and representations of another person's body, but only for the object-based transformation task. That is, this other-advantage diminishes in egocentric transformations. Since motor experts did not show any specific expertise in rotational movements, we concluded that using human bodies as stimulus material elicits embodied spatial transformations, which facilitates performance exclusively for egocentric transformations. Regarding stimulus material, the other-advantage ascribed to increased self-awareness-consciousness distracting attention-demanding resources, disappeared in the egocentric condition. This result may be due to the stronger link between the bodily self and motor representations compared to that emerging in object-based transformations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus