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Substance Use and Associated Factors among University Students in Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Tesfaye G, Derese A, Hambisa MT - J Addict (2014)

Bottom Line: The aim of the study was to assess substance use and associated factors among university students.The magnitude of substance use was high.This demands special attention, emergency preventive measures, and targeted information, education and communication activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia.

ABSTRACT
Studies indicate that substance use among Ethiopian adolescents is considerably rising; in particular college and university students are the most at risk of substance use. The aim of the study was to assess substance use and associated factors among university students. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 1040 Haramaya University students using self-administered structured questionnaire. Multistage sampling technique was used to select students. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate analysis were done. About two-thirds (62.4%) of the participants used at least one substance. The most commonly used substance was alcohol (50.2%). Being male had strong association with substance use (AOR (95% CI), 3.11 (2.20, 4.40)). The odds of substance use behaviour is higher among third year students (AOR (95% CI), 1.48 (1.01, 2.16)). Being a follower of Muslim (AOR (95% CI), 0.62 (0.44, 0.87)) and Protestant (AOR (95% CI), 0.25 (0.17, 0.36)) religions was shown to be protective of substance use. Married (AOR (95% CI), 1.92 (1.12, 3.30)) and depressed (AOR (95% CI), 3.30 (2.31, 4.72)) students were more likely to use substances than others. The magnitude of substance use was high. This demands special attention, emergency preventive measures, and targeted information, education and communication activity.

No MeSH data available.


The schematic presentation of the sampling procedure employed to select participants in Haramaya University, April 2013.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: The schematic presentation of the sampling procedure employed to select participants in Haramaya University, April 2013.

Mentions: Multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. First, students were divided into two by campuses (Main campus and Harar Campus). Then, further stratification was done based on the year of study. Finally, systematic random sampling technique was applied to select students in each year of study from the list of students' name in their respective batch. Students from each year of study were allocated proportionally to their class size (Figure 1).


Substance Use and Associated Factors among University Students in Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Tesfaye G, Derese A, Hambisa MT - J Addict (2014)

The schematic presentation of the sampling procedure employed to select participants in Haramaya University, April 2013.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4020400&req=5

fig1: The schematic presentation of the sampling procedure employed to select participants in Haramaya University, April 2013.
Mentions: Multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. First, students were divided into two by campuses (Main campus and Harar Campus). Then, further stratification was done based on the year of study. Finally, systematic random sampling technique was applied to select students in each year of study from the list of students' name in their respective batch. Students from each year of study were allocated proportionally to their class size (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: The aim of the study was to assess substance use and associated factors among university students.The magnitude of substance use was high.This demands special attention, emergency preventive measures, and targeted information, education and communication activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia.

ABSTRACT
Studies indicate that substance use among Ethiopian adolescents is considerably rising; in particular college and university students are the most at risk of substance use. The aim of the study was to assess substance use and associated factors among university students. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 1040 Haramaya University students using self-administered structured questionnaire. Multistage sampling technique was used to select students. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate analysis were done. About two-thirds (62.4%) of the participants used at least one substance. The most commonly used substance was alcohol (50.2%). Being male had strong association with substance use (AOR (95% CI), 3.11 (2.20, 4.40)). The odds of substance use behaviour is higher among third year students (AOR (95% CI), 1.48 (1.01, 2.16)). Being a follower of Muslim (AOR (95% CI), 0.62 (0.44, 0.87)) and Protestant (AOR (95% CI), 0.25 (0.17, 0.36)) religions was shown to be protective of substance use. Married (AOR (95% CI), 1.92 (1.12, 3.30)) and depressed (AOR (95% CI), 3.30 (2.31, 4.72)) students were more likely to use substances than others. The magnitude of substance use was high. This demands special attention, emergency preventive measures, and targeted information, education and communication activity.

No MeSH data available.