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Expectations as a key to understanding actor strategies in the field of fuel cell and hydrogen vehicles.

Budde B, Alkemade F, Weber KM - Technol Forecast Soc Change (2012)

Bottom Line: Still, it remained unclear why the actors involved in transition activities appear to change their strategies frequently and suddenly.The empirical analysis of the expectations and strategies of three actors in the field of hydrogen and fuel cell technology indicates that changing actor strategies can be explained by rather volatile expectations related to different levels.Our case studies of the strategies of two large car manufacturers and the German government demonstrate that the car manufacturers refer strongly to expectations about the future regime, while expectations related to the socio-technical landscape level appear to be crucial for the strategy of the German government.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Austrian Institute of Technology, Foresight & Policy Development Department, A-1220 Vienna, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Due to its environmental impact, the mobility system is increasingly under pressure. The challenges to cope with climate change, air quality, depleting fossil resources imply the need for a transition of the current mobility system towards a more sustainable one. Expectations and visions have been identified as crucial in the guidance of such transitions, and more specifically of actor strategies. Still, it remained unclear why the actors involved in transition activities appear to change their strategies frequently and suddenly. The empirical analysis of the expectations and strategies of three actors in the field of hydrogen and fuel cell technology indicates that changing actor strategies can be explained by rather volatile expectations related to different levels. Our case studies of the strategies of two large car manufacturers and the German government demonstrate that the car manufacturers refer strongly to expectations about the future regime, while expectations related to the socio-technical landscape level appear to be crucial for the strategy of the German government.

No MeSH data available.


Conceptual framework of the relation between expectations and actor strategies.
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f0005: Conceptual framework of the relation between expectations and actor strategies.

Mentions: Expectations about future developments at the different levels in turn influence the strategies of (organizational) actors. While assuming that all expectations have an influence on the strategic actions of actors, we argue that the expectations related to a certain level are not equally relevant to all actors. Fig. 1 presents our conceptual framework with the different levels of expectations starting from the niche level on the bottom to the regime and the landscape level. It also illustrates the relation between expectations related to the different levels and actor strategies and activities. The expectations influence actor strategies which lead to activities which eventually contribute to the transition dynamics at a meso level. The dotted line at the bottom describes the feedbacks that occur when for instance activities reinforce or dampen expectations.


Expectations as a key to understanding actor strategies in the field of fuel cell and hydrogen vehicles.

Budde B, Alkemade F, Weber KM - Technol Forecast Soc Change (2012)

Conceptual framework of the relation between expectations and actor strategies.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4020386&req=5

f0005: Conceptual framework of the relation between expectations and actor strategies.
Mentions: Expectations about future developments at the different levels in turn influence the strategies of (organizational) actors. While assuming that all expectations have an influence on the strategic actions of actors, we argue that the expectations related to a certain level are not equally relevant to all actors. Fig. 1 presents our conceptual framework with the different levels of expectations starting from the niche level on the bottom to the regime and the landscape level. It also illustrates the relation between expectations related to the different levels and actor strategies and activities. The expectations influence actor strategies which lead to activities which eventually contribute to the transition dynamics at a meso level. The dotted line at the bottom describes the feedbacks that occur when for instance activities reinforce or dampen expectations.

Bottom Line: Still, it remained unclear why the actors involved in transition activities appear to change their strategies frequently and suddenly.The empirical analysis of the expectations and strategies of three actors in the field of hydrogen and fuel cell technology indicates that changing actor strategies can be explained by rather volatile expectations related to different levels.Our case studies of the strategies of two large car manufacturers and the German government demonstrate that the car manufacturers refer strongly to expectations about the future regime, while expectations related to the socio-technical landscape level appear to be crucial for the strategy of the German government.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Austrian Institute of Technology, Foresight & Policy Development Department, A-1220 Vienna, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Due to its environmental impact, the mobility system is increasingly under pressure. The challenges to cope with climate change, air quality, depleting fossil resources imply the need for a transition of the current mobility system towards a more sustainable one. Expectations and visions have been identified as crucial in the guidance of such transitions, and more specifically of actor strategies. Still, it remained unclear why the actors involved in transition activities appear to change their strategies frequently and suddenly. The empirical analysis of the expectations and strategies of three actors in the field of hydrogen and fuel cell technology indicates that changing actor strategies can be explained by rather volatile expectations related to different levels. Our case studies of the strategies of two large car manufacturers and the German government demonstrate that the car manufacturers refer strongly to expectations about the future regime, while expectations related to the socio-technical landscape level appear to be crucial for the strategy of the German government.

No MeSH data available.