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Girls, girls, girls: Gender composition and female school choice.

Schneeweis N, Zweim├╝ller M - Econ Educ Rev (2012)

Bottom Line: However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier.Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes.Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Linz, NRN Labor & Welfare State, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Gender segregation in employment may be explained by women's reluctance to choose technical occupations. However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier. Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes. One possible explanation is that coeducational settings reinforce gender stereotypes. In this paper, we identify the causal impact of the gender composition in coeducational classes on the choice of school type for female students. Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Development of the fraction of girls in low track schools.
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fig0020: Development of the fraction of girls in low track schools.

Mentions: As can be seen in Fig. 4 there is a slight negative trend in the share of females in all low track schools. On average, 47.8% of low track students in grade 5 were females between 1984 and 2002. While in the first half or our observation period the fraction was about 48.5%, this figure declined to 47.2% in the second half.


Girls, girls, girls: Gender composition and female school choice.

Schneeweis N, Zweim├╝ller M - Econ Educ Rev (2012)

Development of the fraction of girls in low track schools.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4020311&req=5

fig0020: Development of the fraction of girls in low track schools.
Mentions: As can be seen in Fig. 4 there is a slight negative trend in the share of females in all low track schools. On average, 47.8% of low track students in grade 5 were females between 1984 and 2002. While in the first half or our observation period the fraction was about 48.5%, this figure declined to 47.2% in the second half.

Bottom Line: However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier.Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes.Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Linz, NRN Labor & Welfare State, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Gender segregation in employment may be explained by women's reluctance to choose technical occupations. However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier. Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes. One possible explanation is that coeducational settings reinforce gender stereotypes. In this paper, we identify the causal impact of the gender composition in coeducational classes on the choice of school type for female students. Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus