Limits...
Girls, girls, girls: Gender composition and female school choice.

Schneeweis N, Zweim├╝ller M - Econ Educ Rev (2012)

Bottom Line: However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier.Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes.Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Linz, NRN Labor & Welfare State, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Gender segregation in employment may be explained by women's reluctance to choose technical occupations. However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier. Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes. One possible explanation is that coeducational settings reinforce gender stereotypes. In this paper, we identify the causal impact of the gender composition in coeducational classes on the choice of school type for female students. Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Austrian education system.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4020311&req=5

fig0005: Austrian education system.

Mentions: The structure of the Austrian education system is presented in Fig. 1. After four years of comprehensive primary schooling, students have to choose between two school tracks, the lower secondary school (low track) and the first stage of the higher general school (high track). The track choice is made by students and their parents, depending on previous academic records and recommendations of primary school teachers. Low track schools differ from high track schools in many aspects. High track schools offer an academically preferable curriculum, teachers have higher educational qualifications and earn higher salaries. Figs. 2 and 3 shows the distribution of students among high and low track schools in Linz, compared to the whole country and the capital Vienna. 70% of all Austrian students went to low track schools in the school year 2005/06. While this share was significantly smaller in Vienna, the figure for Linz can be found in-between.


Girls, girls, girls: Gender composition and female school choice.

Schneeweis N, Zweim├╝ller M - Econ Educ Rev (2012)

Austrian education system.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4020311&req=5

fig0005: Austrian education system.
Mentions: The structure of the Austrian education system is presented in Fig. 1. After four years of comprehensive primary schooling, students have to choose between two school tracks, the lower secondary school (low track) and the first stage of the higher general school (high track). The track choice is made by students and their parents, depending on previous academic records and recommendations of primary school teachers. Low track schools differ from high track schools in many aspects. High track schools offer an academically preferable curriculum, teachers have higher educational qualifications and earn higher salaries. Figs. 2 and 3 shows the distribution of students among high and low track schools in Linz, compared to the whole country and the capital Vienna. 70% of all Austrian students went to low track schools in the school year 2005/06. While this share was significantly smaller in Vienna, the figure for Linz can be found in-between.

Bottom Line: However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier.Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes.Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Linz, NRN Labor & Welfare State, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Gender segregation in employment may be explained by women's reluctance to choose technical occupations. However, the foundations for career choices are laid much earlier. Educational experts claim that female students are doing better in math and science and are more likely to choose these subjects if they are in single-sex classes. One possible explanation is that coeducational settings reinforce gender stereotypes. In this paper, we identify the causal impact of the gender composition in coeducational classes on the choice of school type for female students. Using natural variation in the gender composition of adjacent cohorts within schools, we show that girls are less likely to choose a traditionally female dominated school type and more likely to choose a male dominated school type at the age of 14 if they were exposed to a higher share of girls in previous grades.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus