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The impact of breakfast in metabolic and digestive health.

Kamada I, Truman L, Bold J, Mortimore D - Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench (2011)

Bottom Line: It is widely considered that a regular breakfast provides a number of health benefits; however, there is no general scientific agreement regarding what kind of food should be consumed.The types and quality of breakfast would be key as regular breakfast consumption alone did not show adequate health benefits.These changes may lead to better health status and prevention of disease, especially metabolic and liver disorders, in the long term.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Health and Society, Nutritional Therapy, University of Worcester, UK.

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study is to explore whether the types and quality of breakfast could influence energy levels (blood glucose levels) and propose ideal breakfast models.

Background: It is widely considered that a regular breakfast provides a number of health benefits; however, there is no general scientific agreement regarding what kind of food should be consumed. Evidence supports the importance of balancing blood glucose levels by low glycaemic index/load (L-GI/L) and increased protein diets, in particular in metabolic disorders, which non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a close relation to.

Patients and methods: This study was conducted by using a valid and standard questionnaire at the University of Worcester to evaluate the breakfast and dietary habits and energy levels. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical analysis.

Results: No significant differences were found either between breakfast consumption, energy levels, types of snack and amount of caffeine intake in the morning or between types of breakfast, energy levels, types of snack, and amount of caffeine intake in the morning. However, potential differences in energy levels were found across the groups of breakfast types: glycaemia (GL) (p=.057) and protein intake (p=.056).

Conclusion: The types and quality of breakfast would be key as regular breakfast consumption alone did not show adequate health benefits. Lower GL foods and higher protein intake at breakfast were found to be associated with higher energy levels. It is therefore recommended that breakfast foods should be low in GL and high in protein. These changes may lead to better health status and prevention of disease, especially metabolic and liver disorders, in the long term.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The association between GL of breakfast and energy levels
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Figure 0001: The association between GL of breakfast and energy levels

Mentions: The Kruskal-Willis test found p=.057 (Gp1, n=31: LGL; Gp2, n=38: MGL; Gp3, n=15: HGL), X2 (2, n=84)=5.72, p=.057). This figure is very close to the significant level of p<.05, and thus this suggests that there is a potential difference in energy levels across the three GL groups, although it is not statistically significant enough (Fig. 1).


The impact of breakfast in metabolic and digestive health.

Kamada I, Truman L, Bold J, Mortimore D - Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench (2011)

The association between GL of breakfast and energy levels
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4017414&req=5

Figure 0001: The association between GL of breakfast and energy levels
Mentions: The Kruskal-Willis test found p=.057 (Gp1, n=31: LGL; Gp2, n=38: MGL; Gp3, n=15: HGL), X2 (2, n=84)=5.72, p=.057). This figure is very close to the significant level of p<.05, and thus this suggests that there is a potential difference in energy levels across the three GL groups, although it is not statistically significant enough (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: It is widely considered that a regular breakfast provides a number of health benefits; however, there is no general scientific agreement regarding what kind of food should be consumed.The types and quality of breakfast would be key as regular breakfast consumption alone did not show adequate health benefits.These changes may lead to better health status and prevention of disease, especially metabolic and liver disorders, in the long term.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Health and Society, Nutritional Therapy, University of Worcester, UK.

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study is to explore whether the types and quality of breakfast could influence energy levels (blood glucose levels) and propose ideal breakfast models.

Background: It is widely considered that a regular breakfast provides a number of health benefits; however, there is no general scientific agreement regarding what kind of food should be consumed. Evidence supports the importance of balancing blood glucose levels by low glycaemic index/load (L-GI/L) and increased protein diets, in particular in metabolic disorders, which non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a close relation to.

Patients and methods: This study was conducted by using a valid and standard questionnaire at the University of Worcester to evaluate the breakfast and dietary habits and energy levels. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical analysis.

Results: No significant differences were found either between breakfast consumption, energy levels, types of snack and amount of caffeine intake in the morning or between types of breakfast, energy levels, types of snack, and amount of caffeine intake in the morning. However, potential differences in energy levels were found across the groups of breakfast types: glycaemia (GL) (p=.057) and protein intake (p=.056).

Conclusion: The types and quality of breakfast would be key as regular breakfast consumption alone did not show adequate health benefits. Lower GL foods and higher protein intake at breakfast were found to be associated with higher energy levels. It is therefore recommended that breakfast foods should be low in GL and high in protein. These changes may lead to better health status and prevention of disease, especially metabolic and liver disorders, in the long term.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus