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Trend analysis and modelling of gender-specific age, period and birth cohort effects on alcohol abstention and consumption level for drinkers in Great Britain using the General Lifestyle Survey 1984-2009.

Meng Y, Holmes J, Hill-McManus D, Brennan A, Meier PS - Addiction (2013)

Bottom Line: This study aims to disentangle age, period and birth cohort effects to improve our understanding of these trends and suggest groups for targeted interventions to reduce resultant harms.Consumption generally decreases and abstention rates increase in later life.Recent declines in alcohol consumption appear to be attributable to reduced consumption and increased abstinence rates among the most recent birth cohorts, especially males, and general increased rates of abstention across the study period.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Age, period and birth cohort effects as incident rate ratio (IRR) for men and women from negative binomial models predicting drinkers' average weekly alcohol consumption. Reference groups are the 45–50-year age group, the 2005–09 and the 1960–64 birth cohort. Dotted lines represent estimated 95% confidence intervals
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fig04: Age, period and birth cohort effects as incident rate ratio (IRR) for men and women from negative binomial models predicting drinkers' average weekly alcohol consumption. Reference groups are the 45–50-year age group, the 2005–09 and the 1960–64 birth cohort. Dotted lines represent estimated 95% confidence intervals

Mentions: The results from the negative binomial models are shown in Fig. 4 and Table A2 in the Supporting information, Appendix S2. Consumption peaks for both men and women between ages 18–24 then drops sharply, but there is a rebound, particularly for women, of slightly increased consumption between ages 45–54. Compared with the 45–54 age group, both male and female drinkers aged 18–24 drink significantly more (IRR = 1.18–1.15), whereas men aged 16–17 and 35–44 (IRR = 0.67–0.92) and women aged 25–44 (IRR = 0.89–0.95) drink significantly less. No significant decline in consumption among drinkers was seen in those aged 55+ compared with the reference group.


Trend analysis and modelling of gender-specific age, period and birth cohort effects on alcohol abstention and consumption level for drinkers in Great Britain using the General Lifestyle Survey 1984-2009.

Meng Y, Holmes J, Hill-McManus D, Brennan A, Meier PS - Addiction (2013)

Age, period and birth cohort effects as incident rate ratio (IRR) for men and women from negative binomial models predicting drinkers' average weekly alcohol consumption. Reference groups are the 45–50-year age group, the 2005–09 and the 1960–64 birth cohort. Dotted lines represent estimated 95% confidence intervals
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4016750&req=5

fig04: Age, period and birth cohort effects as incident rate ratio (IRR) for men and women from negative binomial models predicting drinkers' average weekly alcohol consumption. Reference groups are the 45–50-year age group, the 2005–09 and the 1960–64 birth cohort. Dotted lines represent estimated 95% confidence intervals
Mentions: The results from the negative binomial models are shown in Fig. 4 and Table A2 in the Supporting information, Appendix S2. Consumption peaks for both men and women between ages 18–24 then drops sharply, but there is a rebound, particularly for women, of slightly increased consumption between ages 45–54. Compared with the 45–54 age group, both male and female drinkers aged 18–24 drink significantly more (IRR = 1.18–1.15), whereas men aged 16–17 and 35–44 (IRR = 0.67–0.92) and women aged 25–44 (IRR = 0.89–0.95) drink significantly less. No significant decline in consumption among drinkers was seen in those aged 55+ compared with the reference group.

Bottom Line: This study aims to disentangle age, period and birth cohort effects to improve our understanding of these trends and suggest groups for targeted interventions to reduce resultant harms.Consumption generally decreases and abstention rates increase in later life.Recent declines in alcohol consumption appear to be attributable to reduced consumption and increased abstinence rates among the most recent birth cohorts, especially males, and general increased rates of abstention across the study period.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus