Trend analysis and modelling of gender-specific age, period and birth cohort effects on alcohol abstention and consumption level for drinkers in Great Britain using the General Lifestyle Survey 1984-2009.
Bottom Line: This study aims to disentangle age, period and birth cohort effects to improve our understanding of these trends and suggest groups for targeted interventions to reduce resultant harms.Consumption generally decreases and abstention rates increase in later life.Recent declines in alcohol consumption appear to be attributable to reduced consumption and increased abstinence rates among the most recent birth cohorts, especially males, and general increased rates of abstention across the study period.
Affiliation: School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: The weighted means of the proportions of abstainers and average weekly consumption for drinkers by gender and APC are presented in Fig. 2. By age, abstention rates are lowest at ages 18–54 (10–11% for women, 6–8% for men) and increase continually from age 55 onwards. By period, abstention rates increased by around 5% among both genders during the study period. By cohort, abstention rates fall from 22% in the 1900–04 cohort to 6–7% in the 1940–69 cohorts followed by a sharp increase in the proportion of abstainers among men born after 1985. Similar trends are also seen for women.
Affiliation: School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.