Limits...
Processed foods available in the Pacific Islands.

Snowdon W, Raj A, Reeve E, Guerrero R, Fesaitu J, Cateine K, Guignet C - Global Health (2013)

Bottom Line: Inaccurate labels were found on 132 products.The globalisation of the food supply is having considerable impacts on diets in the Pacific Islands.While nutrient labels can be informative for consumers looking for healthier options, difficulties still exist with poor labelling and interpretation can be challenging.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: C-POND, Fiji National University and Deakin University, C/O College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, FNU (Tamavua Campus), Private Mail Bag, Suva, Fiji. wendy.snowdon@deakin.edu.au.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is an increasing reliance on processed foods globally, yet food composition tables include minimal information on their nutrient content. The Pacific Islands share common trade links and are heavily reliant on imported foods. The objective was to develop a dataset for the Pacific Islands on nutrient composition of processed foods sold and their sources.

Methods: Information on the food labels, including country of origin, nutrient content and promotional claims were recorded into a standardised dataset. Data were cleaned, converted to per 100 g data as needed and then checked for anomalies and recording errors.

Setting: Five representative countries were selected for data collection, based on their trading patterns: Fiji, Guam, Nauru, New Caledonia, and Samoa. Data were collected in the capitals, in larger stores which import their own foods.

Subjects: Processed foods in stores.

Results: The data from 6041 foods and drinks were recorded. Fifty four countries of origin were identified, with the main provider of food for each Pacific Island country being that with which it was most strongly linked politically. Nutrient data were not provided for 6% of the foods, imported from various countries. Inaccurate labels were found on 132 products. Over one-quarter of the foods included some nutrient or health-related claims.

Conclusions: The globalisation of the food supply is having considerable impacts on diets in the Pacific Islands. While nutrient labels can be informative for consumers looking for healthier options, difficulties still exist with poor labelling and interpretation can be challenging.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Countries of manufacture of processed foods sold in Pacific countries.
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Figure 1: Countries of manufacture of processed foods sold in Pacific countries.

Mentions: The country of origin of the food products mirrored the country with which they had the strongest economic and political ties, for example 59% of the products found in Guam were from the US, whereas for Nauru a similar percent of products were from Australia – Nauru uses the Australian dollar as currency, and Guam uses the US dollar. Only a small number of the products were made within country; the products produced within New Caledonia were mainly bread, dairy and convenience meals, in Guam dairy and bread, whereas in Samoa they were mostly beverages, canned fish and chips/crisps made from local foods. Fiji had a diverse range of products made locally including sauces, dairy, drinks, snacks and biscuits. Overall foods were found from 54 countries, from as far as South and North America, Europe, Middle East and Asia (Figure 1).


Processed foods available in the Pacific Islands.

Snowdon W, Raj A, Reeve E, Guerrero R, Fesaitu J, Cateine K, Guignet C - Global Health (2013)

Countries of manufacture of processed foods sold in Pacific countries.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4016479&req=5

Figure 1: Countries of manufacture of processed foods sold in Pacific countries.
Mentions: The country of origin of the food products mirrored the country with which they had the strongest economic and political ties, for example 59% of the products found in Guam were from the US, whereas for Nauru a similar percent of products were from Australia – Nauru uses the Australian dollar as currency, and Guam uses the US dollar. Only a small number of the products were made within country; the products produced within New Caledonia were mainly bread, dairy and convenience meals, in Guam dairy and bread, whereas in Samoa they were mostly beverages, canned fish and chips/crisps made from local foods. Fiji had a diverse range of products made locally including sauces, dairy, drinks, snacks and biscuits. Overall foods were found from 54 countries, from as far as South and North America, Europe, Middle East and Asia (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Inaccurate labels were found on 132 products.The globalisation of the food supply is having considerable impacts on diets in the Pacific Islands.While nutrient labels can be informative for consumers looking for healthier options, difficulties still exist with poor labelling and interpretation can be challenging.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: C-POND, Fiji National University and Deakin University, C/O College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, FNU (Tamavua Campus), Private Mail Bag, Suva, Fiji. wendy.snowdon@deakin.edu.au.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is an increasing reliance on processed foods globally, yet food composition tables include minimal information on their nutrient content. The Pacific Islands share common trade links and are heavily reliant on imported foods. The objective was to develop a dataset for the Pacific Islands on nutrient composition of processed foods sold and their sources.

Methods: Information on the food labels, including country of origin, nutrient content and promotional claims were recorded into a standardised dataset. Data were cleaned, converted to per 100 g data as needed and then checked for anomalies and recording errors.

Setting: Five representative countries were selected for data collection, based on their trading patterns: Fiji, Guam, Nauru, New Caledonia, and Samoa. Data were collected in the capitals, in larger stores which import their own foods.

Subjects: Processed foods in stores.

Results: The data from 6041 foods and drinks were recorded. Fifty four countries of origin were identified, with the main provider of food for each Pacific Island country being that with which it was most strongly linked politically. Nutrient data were not provided for 6% of the foods, imported from various countries. Inaccurate labels were found on 132 products. Over one-quarter of the foods included some nutrient or health-related claims.

Conclusions: The globalisation of the food supply is having considerable impacts on diets in the Pacific Islands. While nutrient labels can be informative for consumers looking for healthier options, difficulties still exist with poor labelling and interpretation can be challenging.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus