Limits...
Effects of temperature and carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio on the performance of anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure, chicken manure and rice straw: focusing on ammonia inhibition.

Wang X, Lu X, Li F, Yang G - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The increase of C/N ratios reduced the negative effects of ammonia and maximum methane potentials were achieved with C/N ratios of 25 and 30 at 35°C and 55°C, respectively.When temperature increased, an increase was required in the feed C/N ratio, in order to reduce the risk of ammonia inhibition.Our results revealed an interactive effect between temperature and C/N on digestion performance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
Anaerobic digestion is a promising alternative to disposal organic waste and co-digestion of mixed organic wastes has recently attracted more interest. This study investigated the effects of temperature and carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio on the performance of anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure (DM), chicken manure (CM) and rice straw (RS). We found that increased temperature improved the methane potential, but the rate was reduced from mesophilic (30∼40°C) to thermophilic conditions (50∼60°C), due to the accumulation of ammonium nitrogen and free ammonia and the occurrence of ammonia inhibition. Significant ammonia inhibition was observed with a C/N ratio of 15 at 35°C and at a C/N ratio of 20 at 55°C. The increase of C/N ratios reduced the negative effects of ammonia and maximum methane potentials were achieved with C/N ratios of 25 and 30 at 35°C and 55°C, respectively. When temperature increased, an increase was required in the feed C/N ratio, in order to reduce the risk of ammonia inhibition. Our results revealed an interactive effect between temperature and C/N on digestion performance.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Changes of pH, total ammonium nitrogen, and free ammonia with different C/N ratios in the mixture of dairy manure (DM), chicken manure (CM), and rice straw (RS) IN anaerobic co-digestion at 55°C.Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Vertical bars represent LSD at the 5% level.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4016299&req=5

pone-0097265-g003: Changes of pH, total ammonium nitrogen, and free ammonia with different C/N ratios in the mixture of dairy manure (DM), chicken manure (CM), and rice straw (RS) IN anaerobic co-digestion at 55°C.Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Vertical bars represent LSD at the 5% level.

Mentions: Under 55°C, pH values were between 7.0 and 7.92 in treatments with C/N ratios of 20 and 25. Stable pH values around 7.0 were observed when C/N ratios were of 30 and 35. When the C/N ratio was increased to 35, the pH value was lower, at around 6.2 (Fig. 3A). The concentrations of TAN in treatments with C/N ratios of 20 and 25 increased up to 1500 mg L−1 by day 10 and reached peaks as high as 2415 and 1932 mg L−1, respectively (Fig. 3B). FA increased continuously in digestion with final concentrations of 461 and 235 mg L−1 when C/N ratios were of 20 and 25. For C/N ratios between 30 and 40, TAN and FA concentrations were in the range of 430∼1426 mg L−1 and 2∼131 mg L−1, respectively (Fig. 3B and C).


Effects of temperature and carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio on the performance of anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure, chicken manure and rice straw: focusing on ammonia inhibition.

Wang X, Lu X, Li F, Yang G - PLoS ONE (2014)

Changes of pH, total ammonium nitrogen, and free ammonia with different C/N ratios in the mixture of dairy manure (DM), chicken manure (CM), and rice straw (RS) IN anaerobic co-digestion at 55°C.Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Vertical bars represent LSD at the 5% level.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4016299&req=5

pone-0097265-g003: Changes of pH, total ammonium nitrogen, and free ammonia with different C/N ratios in the mixture of dairy manure (DM), chicken manure (CM), and rice straw (RS) IN anaerobic co-digestion at 55°C.Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Values are presented as the mean ±standard error of three replicates (n = 3). Vertical bars represent LSD at the 5% level.
Mentions: Under 55°C, pH values were between 7.0 and 7.92 in treatments with C/N ratios of 20 and 25. Stable pH values around 7.0 were observed when C/N ratios were of 30 and 35. When the C/N ratio was increased to 35, the pH value was lower, at around 6.2 (Fig. 3A). The concentrations of TAN in treatments with C/N ratios of 20 and 25 increased up to 1500 mg L−1 by day 10 and reached peaks as high as 2415 and 1932 mg L−1, respectively (Fig. 3B). FA increased continuously in digestion with final concentrations of 461 and 235 mg L−1 when C/N ratios were of 20 and 25. For C/N ratios between 30 and 40, TAN and FA concentrations were in the range of 430∼1426 mg L−1 and 2∼131 mg L−1, respectively (Fig. 3B and C).

Bottom Line: The increase of C/N ratios reduced the negative effects of ammonia and maximum methane potentials were achieved with C/N ratios of 25 and 30 at 35°C and 55°C, respectively.When temperature increased, an increase was required in the feed C/N ratio, in order to reduce the risk of ammonia inhibition.Our results revealed an interactive effect between temperature and C/N on digestion performance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
Anaerobic digestion is a promising alternative to disposal organic waste and co-digestion of mixed organic wastes has recently attracted more interest. This study investigated the effects of temperature and carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio on the performance of anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure (DM), chicken manure (CM) and rice straw (RS). We found that increased temperature improved the methane potential, but the rate was reduced from mesophilic (30∼40°C) to thermophilic conditions (50∼60°C), due to the accumulation of ammonium nitrogen and free ammonia and the occurrence of ammonia inhibition. Significant ammonia inhibition was observed with a C/N ratio of 15 at 35°C and at a C/N ratio of 20 at 55°C. The increase of C/N ratios reduced the negative effects of ammonia and maximum methane potentials were achieved with C/N ratios of 25 and 30 at 35°C and 55°C, respectively. When temperature increased, an increase was required in the feed C/N ratio, in order to reduce the risk of ammonia inhibition. Our results revealed an interactive effect between temperature and C/N on digestion performance.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus