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Novel approach to activity evaluation for release-active forms of anti-interferon-gamma antibodies based on enzyme-linked immunoassay.

Gavrilova ES, Bobrovnik SA, Sherriff G, Myslivets AA, Tarasov SA, Epstein OI - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: In this study, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was utilized to examine the effect of RA forms of Abs specific for human interferon gamma on the interaction between monoclonal anti-interferon gamma antibodies and recombinant human interferon gamma.These data demonstrated the importance of using relatively low concentrations of both soluble and plate-immobilized interferon gamma to detect the effects of RA forms of Abs to interferon gamma on the binding of monoclonal antibodies to interferon gamma.It has been suggested that the observed influence of RA forms of Abs on 'antibody-antigen' interaction could be used to detect and analyze the activity of drugs containing RA forms of Abs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: OOO "NPF "MATERIA MEDICA HOLDING", Moscow, Russian Federation.

ABSTRACT
Selection of a suitable assay to measure the activity of drug agents based on release-active forms of anti-interferon-gamma antibodies (RA forms of Abs) is an important step forward in the investigation of such agents. In this study, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was utilized to examine the effect of RA forms of Abs specific for human interferon gamma on the interaction between monoclonal anti-interferon gamma antibodies and recombinant human interferon gamma. The experimental data and the results obtained by using relevant mathematical analysis showed that such RA forms of Abs are able to modulate the monoclonal antibody interaction with both soluble and immobilized (to the assay plate well) interferon gamma. These data demonstrated the importance of using relatively low concentrations of both soluble and plate-immobilized interferon gamma to detect the effects of RA forms of Abs to interferon gamma on the binding of monoclonal antibodies to interferon gamma. It has been suggested that the observed influence of RA forms of Abs on 'antibody-antigen' interaction could be used to detect and analyze the activity of drugs containing RA forms of Abs.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The influence of absorbed IFN-gamma concentration on detection of RA forms of anti-IFN-gamma antibodies.The figure shows the influence of the concentration of IFN-gamma adsorbed onto microtiter plates on the mAbs dilution curves observed in the presence of control or RA-antibodies to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg). Test samples prepared of mAbs, pre-diluted up to 1∶5000–1∶135000 in TBS, and either RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg) or control, mixed at a ratio 1∶4 v/v respectively. 100 µL of each sample was transferred into the wells (3 wells for each sample) and was incubated for 45 minutes at room temperature while shaking (shaker-incubator Dynatech, USA). The remainder of the experiment was conducted in accordance with the standard ELISA protocol. Dilutions of mAbs on X axis are those observed after mixing with RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma or control (where 0.00001 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶100000 times, 0.00002 or 2E-05 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶50000 times etc.). The Y-axis displays 490 nm optical densities. The error bars represent the standard deviations of the measurements. The concentrations of IFN-gamma adsorbed on the plate are: A 6 µg/ml B - 2 µg/ml C - 0.7 µg/ml; D - 0.25 µg/ml. RA samples are significantly different from the control (F31/60 = 93.4; p<0.0001) in the case of the C and D curves.
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pone-0097017-g002: The influence of absorbed IFN-gamma concentration on detection of RA forms of anti-IFN-gamma antibodies.The figure shows the influence of the concentration of IFN-gamma adsorbed onto microtiter plates on the mAbs dilution curves observed in the presence of control or RA-antibodies to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg). Test samples prepared of mAbs, pre-diluted up to 1∶5000–1∶135000 in TBS, and either RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg) or control, mixed at a ratio 1∶4 v/v respectively. 100 µL of each sample was transferred into the wells (3 wells for each sample) and was incubated for 45 minutes at room temperature while shaking (shaker-incubator Dynatech, USA). The remainder of the experiment was conducted in accordance with the standard ELISA protocol. Dilutions of mAbs on X axis are those observed after mixing with RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma or control (where 0.00001 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶100000 times, 0.00002 or 2E-05 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶50000 times etc.). The Y-axis displays 490 nm optical densities. The error bars represent the standard deviations of the measurements. The concentrations of IFN-gamma adsorbed on the plate are: A 6 µg/ml B - 2 µg/ml C - 0.7 µg/ml; D - 0.25 µg/ml. RA samples are significantly different from the control (F31/60 = 93.4; p<0.0001) in the case of the C and D curves.

Mentions: Data processing and all statistical calculations used in this protocol were performed using SAS-9.3 statistical software. Analyses on continuous variables were carried out using a three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for experiment 2 and two-way ANOVA for experiments 3 and 4. Experiment 1 did not require any statistical analysis. If the overall ANOVA results were significant, multiple comparisons were done using the Bonferroni post-hoc test. The data in the Figures 1, 2A-D, 3A and 4A are presented as mean optical density per group ± standard deviation.


Novel approach to activity evaluation for release-active forms of anti-interferon-gamma antibodies based on enzyme-linked immunoassay.

Gavrilova ES, Bobrovnik SA, Sherriff G, Myslivets AA, Tarasov SA, Epstein OI - PLoS ONE (2014)

The influence of absorbed IFN-gamma concentration on detection of RA forms of anti-IFN-gamma antibodies.The figure shows the influence of the concentration of IFN-gamma adsorbed onto microtiter plates on the mAbs dilution curves observed in the presence of control or RA-antibodies to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg). Test samples prepared of mAbs, pre-diluted up to 1∶5000–1∶135000 in TBS, and either RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg) or control, mixed at a ratio 1∶4 v/v respectively. 100 µL of each sample was transferred into the wells (3 wells for each sample) and was incubated for 45 minutes at room temperature while shaking (shaker-incubator Dynatech, USA). The remainder of the experiment was conducted in accordance with the standard ELISA protocol. Dilutions of mAbs on X axis are those observed after mixing with RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma or control (where 0.00001 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶100000 times, 0.00002 or 2E-05 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶50000 times etc.). The Y-axis displays 490 nm optical densities. The error bars represent the standard deviations of the measurements. The concentrations of IFN-gamma adsorbed on the plate are: A 6 µg/ml B - 2 µg/ml C - 0.7 µg/ml; D - 0.25 µg/ml. RA samples are significantly different from the control (F31/60 = 93.4; p<0.0001) in the case of the C and D curves.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4016219&req=5

pone-0097017-g002: The influence of absorbed IFN-gamma concentration on detection of RA forms of anti-IFN-gamma antibodies.The figure shows the influence of the concentration of IFN-gamma adsorbed onto microtiter plates on the mAbs dilution curves observed in the presence of control or RA-antibodies to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg). Test samples prepared of mAbs, pre-diluted up to 1∶5000–1∶135000 in TBS, and either RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma (RA Abs to IFNg) or control, mixed at a ratio 1∶4 v/v respectively. 100 µL of each sample was transferred into the wells (3 wells for each sample) and was incubated for 45 minutes at room temperature while shaking (shaker-incubator Dynatech, USA). The remainder of the experiment was conducted in accordance with the standard ELISA protocol. Dilutions of mAbs on X axis are those observed after mixing with RA forms of Abs to IFN-gamma or control (where 0.00001 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶100000 times, 0.00002 or 2E-05 means dilution of starting antibodies to 1∶50000 times etc.). The Y-axis displays 490 nm optical densities. The error bars represent the standard deviations of the measurements. The concentrations of IFN-gamma adsorbed on the plate are: A 6 µg/ml B - 2 µg/ml C - 0.7 µg/ml; D - 0.25 µg/ml. RA samples are significantly different from the control (F31/60 = 93.4; p<0.0001) in the case of the C and D curves.
Mentions: Data processing and all statistical calculations used in this protocol were performed using SAS-9.3 statistical software. Analyses on continuous variables were carried out using a three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for experiment 2 and two-way ANOVA for experiments 3 and 4. Experiment 1 did not require any statistical analysis. If the overall ANOVA results were significant, multiple comparisons were done using the Bonferroni post-hoc test. The data in the Figures 1, 2A-D, 3A and 4A are presented as mean optical density per group ± standard deviation.

Bottom Line: In this study, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was utilized to examine the effect of RA forms of Abs specific for human interferon gamma on the interaction between monoclonal anti-interferon gamma antibodies and recombinant human interferon gamma.These data demonstrated the importance of using relatively low concentrations of both soluble and plate-immobilized interferon gamma to detect the effects of RA forms of Abs to interferon gamma on the binding of monoclonal antibodies to interferon gamma.It has been suggested that the observed influence of RA forms of Abs on 'antibody-antigen' interaction could be used to detect and analyze the activity of drugs containing RA forms of Abs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: OOO "NPF "MATERIA MEDICA HOLDING", Moscow, Russian Federation.

ABSTRACT
Selection of a suitable assay to measure the activity of drug agents based on release-active forms of anti-interferon-gamma antibodies (RA forms of Abs) is an important step forward in the investigation of such agents. In this study, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was utilized to examine the effect of RA forms of Abs specific for human interferon gamma on the interaction between monoclonal anti-interferon gamma antibodies and recombinant human interferon gamma. The experimental data and the results obtained by using relevant mathematical analysis showed that such RA forms of Abs are able to modulate the monoclonal antibody interaction with both soluble and immobilized (to the assay plate well) interferon gamma. These data demonstrated the importance of using relatively low concentrations of both soluble and plate-immobilized interferon gamma to detect the effects of RA forms of Abs to interferon gamma on the binding of monoclonal antibodies to interferon gamma. It has been suggested that the observed influence of RA forms of Abs on 'antibody-antigen' interaction could be used to detect and analyze the activity of drugs containing RA forms of Abs.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus