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Trends in infectious disease mortality rates, Spain, 1980-2011.

López-Cuadrado T, Llácer A, Palmera-Suárez R, Gómez-Barroso D, Savulescu C, González-Yuste P, Fernández-Cuenca R - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2014)

Bottom Line: Although the beginning of HIV/AIDS epidemic led to an increased mortality rate, a decreased rate was observed by the end of the twentieth century.By codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, the most frequent underlying cause of death was pneumonia.Therefore, surveillance and control systems should be reinforced with a goal of providing reliable data for useful decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Using mortality data from National Institute of Statistics in Spain, we analyzed trends of infectious disease mortality rates in Spain during 1980-2011 to provide information on surveillance and control of infectious diseases. During the study period, 628,673 infectious disease-related deaths occurred, the annual change in the mortality rate was -1.6%, and the average infectious disease mortality rate was 48.5 deaths/100,000 population. Although the beginning of HIV/AIDS epidemic led to an increased mortality rate, a decreased rate was observed by the end of the twentieth century. By codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, the most frequent underlying cause of death was pneumonia. Emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases continue to be public health problems despite reduced mortality rates produced by various interventions. Therefore, surveillance and control systems should be reinforced with a goal of providing reliable data for useful decision making.

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Infectious disease mortality rates by sex, Spain, 1980–2011.
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Figure 1: Infectious disease mortality rates by sex, Spain, 1980–2011.

Mentions: Among women, only 2 periods (1980–1986 and 1986–2011) of change were observed. Both of these changes were significant and showed decreases (APC −6.3%, 95% CI –9.0% to –3.4% and APC −1.0%, 95% CI –1.4% to –0.7%); the inflection point was in 1986 (Figure 1). During 2007–2011, the male:female sex ratio was 1.5:1 for deaths caused by infectious diseases and was higher for 9 of the 10 diseases first selected, except for cardiac infections (Table 1).


Trends in infectious disease mortality rates, Spain, 1980-2011.

López-Cuadrado T, Llácer A, Palmera-Suárez R, Gómez-Barroso D, Savulescu C, González-Yuste P, Fernández-Cuenca R - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2014)

Infectious disease mortality rates by sex, Spain, 1980–2011.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4012808&req=5

Figure 1: Infectious disease mortality rates by sex, Spain, 1980–2011.
Mentions: Among women, only 2 periods (1980–1986 and 1986–2011) of change were observed. Both of these changes were significant and showed decreases (APC −6.3%, 95% CI –9.0% to –3.4% and APC −1.0%, 95% CI –1.4% to –0.7%); the inflection point was in 1986 (Figure 1). During 2007–2011, the male:female sex ratio was 1.5:1 for deaths caused by infectious diseases and was higher for 9 of the 10 diseases first selected, except for cardiac infections (Table 1).

Bottom Line: Although the beginning of HIV/AIDS epidemic led to an increased mortality rate, a decreased rate was observed by the end of the twentieth century.By codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, the most frequent underlying cause of death was pneumonia.Therefore, surveillance and control systems should be reinforced with a goal of providing reliable data for useful decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Using mortality data from National Institute of Statistics in Spain, we analyzed trends of infectious disease mortality rates in Spain during 1980-2011 to provide information on surveillance and control of infectious diseases. During the study period, 628,673 infectious disease-related deaths occurred, the annual change in the mortality rate was -1.6%, and the average infectious disease mortality rate was 48.5 deaths/100,000 population. Although the beginning of HIV/AIDS epidemic led to an increased mortality rate, a decreased rate was observed by the end of the twentieth century. By codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, the most frequent underlying cause of death was pneumonia. Emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases continue to be public health problems despite reduced mortality rates produced by various interventions. Therefore, surveillance and control systems should be reinforced with a goal of providing reliable data for useful decision making.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus