Relationship of anthropometric indices to abdominal and total body fat in youth: sex and race differences.
Bottom Line: Regression was used to examine sex and race effects in the relationship between independent (BMI, WC, and W/Ht) and dependent (FM, SAT and VAT) variables.The association of BMI with FM and SAT was independent of sex and race, while the relationships of WC and W/Ht with FM and SAT were influenced by both sex and race.In contrast, the association between BMI and VAT was influenced by sex and race, while the relationships of WC and W/Ht with VAT were not.
Affiliation: Pennington Biomedical Research Center,, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.Show MeSH
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Mentions: In the FM model, all of the main effects for W/Ht, age, sex and race as well as all interactions were significant (p < 0.01). For the most part boys had less FM for a given W/Ht compared to girls. For AA this difference was larger at higher levels of W/Ht values while for whites the difference disappeared (Figure 3A). All of the main effects and interactions were also significant (p < 0.02) for the SAT model. Boys had less SAT than girls for any given W/Ht, independent of race. White girls also had less SAT than AA girls at higher levels of W/Ht. Larger sex differences occurred in AA throughout the range of W/Ht (Figure 3B). In the VAT model there were significant effects of age and W/Ht on VAT; however there were no significant race or sex main effects (Figure 3C).
Affiliation: Pennington Biomedical Research Center,, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.