Alcohol and mortality in Russia: prospective observational study of 151,000 adults.
Bottom Line: In both age ranges most of the excess mortality in heavier drinkers was from external causes or the eight disease groupings strongly associated with alcohol in the retrospective enquiries.Among male non-smokers and among females, self-reported heavy drinking was uncommon, but seemed to involve similar absolute excess risks.UK Medical Research Council, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, European Union, WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer.
Affiliation: Russian Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address: email@example.com.Show MeSH
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Mentions: A retrospective study of 50 000 deaths in the same cities10 had found a marked excess of heavy vodka use in those whose death was attributed to external causes (accident, suicide, violence, and alcohol poisoning) or eight particular disease groupings (cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract, tuberculosis, pneumonia, liver cancer, other liver disease, pancreatic disease, acute ischaemic heart disease that is not myocardial infarction (I24), and ill-specified disease). Sharp fluctuations in Russian mortality rates from these causes during the 1990s were the main reason for the sudden large fluctuations in premature mortality in women and, particularly, men (figure 3; appendix pp 3–5).9,10
Affiliation: Russian Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.