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The taxonomic accounts of the genus Symmorphus Wesmael (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Eumeninae) from China, with descriptions of three new species.

Li TJ, Chen B - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: The following four species are newly recorded from China: Symmorphus (S.) fuscipes (Herrich-Schaeffer), S. (S.) lucens (Kostylev), S. (S.) sublaevis Kostylev, and S. (S.) violaceipennis Giordani Soika.In addition, we map the species geographical distributions in China of these 19 species.Type specimens of these three new species are deposited in Chongqing Normal University and Yunnan Agricultural University.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Entomology & Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China.

ABSTRACT
In this study, we recognize and review a total of 19 species of the genus Symmorphus Wesmael from China. We also provide a key to these species. Three new species are described and illustrated, namely Symmorphus (Symmorphus) tianchiensis Li & Chen, sp. n., S. (S.) cavatus Li & Chen, sp. n., and S. (S.) nigriclypeus Li & Chen, sp. n. The following four species are newly recorded from China: Symmorphus (S.) fuscipes (Herrich-Schaeffer), S. (S.) lucens (Kostylev), S. (S.) sublaevis Kostylev, and S. (S.) violaceipennis Giordani Soika. In addition, we map the species geographical distributions in China of these 19 species. Type specimens of these three new species are deposited in Chongqing Normal University and Yunnan Agricultural University.

No MeSH data available.


The species geographical distributions of the genus Symmorphus in China.
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Figure 4: The species geographical distributions of the genus Symmorphus in China.

Mentions: The genus Symmorphus Wesmael contains 44 species with two subspecies, and is distributed in the Palearctic, Oriental, Nearctic regions and the northernmost Neotropical region. These species are usually slender and easily recognized by the combination of the following characters: mesoscutum with well-developed notaulices; metasomal tergum 1 distinctly narrower than tergum 2, but not petiolate, with a basal transverse carina and a median longitudinal furrow; and antennal apex in male simple, not forming a recurved hook. The known species of the genus were described or revised in detail by Giordani Soika (1975), Tsuneki (1977), Cumming and van der Vecht (1986), Cumming (1989), Yamane (1990), Gusenleitner (1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2010), Kim and Lee (2002, 2006), and so on. However, a systematic research on the Chinese Symmorphus is absent. Twelve species were already recorded from China (Giordani Soika 1966, 1986; Li 1981, 1985; Cumming 1989; Gusenleitner 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004). During the study of the Chinese eumenine wasps, 19 species of Symmorphus are recognized, including three new species and four new records. In the present paper, a key to all Chinese species of Symmorphus is updated and the species geographical distributions in China are mapped (Fig. 22). In addition, we also provide the taxonomic information and global distributions of these species. The key and distributions were produced based on both the examination of specimens and the information extracted from literatures.


The taxonomic accounts of the genus Symmorphus Wesmael (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Eumeninae) from China, with descriptions of three new species.

Li TJ, Chen B - Zookeys (2014)

The species geographical distributions of the genus Symmorphus in China.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3974429&req=5

Figure 4: The species geographical distributions of the genus Symmorphus in China.
Mentions: The genus Symmorphus Wesmael contains 44 species with two subspecies, and is distributed in the Palearctic, Oriental, Nearctic regions and the northernmost Neotropical region. These species are usually slender and easily recognized by the combination of the following characters: mesoscutum with well-developed notaulices; metasomal tergum 1 distinctly narrower than tergum 2, but not petiolate, with a basal transverse carina and a median longitudinal furrow; and antennal apex in male simple, not forming a recurved hook. The known species of the genus were described or revised in detail by Giordani Soika (1975), Tsuneki (1977), Cumming and van der Vecht (1986), Cumming (1989), Yamane (1990), Gusenleitner (1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2010), Kim and Lee (2002, 2006), and so on. However, a systematic research on the Chinese Symmorphus is absent. Twelve species were already recorded from China (Giordani Soika 1966, 1986; Li 1981, 1985; Cumming 1989; Gusenleitner 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004). During the study of the Chinese eumenine wasps, 19 species of Symmorphus are recognized, including three new species and four new records. In the present paper, a key to all Chinese species of Symmorphus is updated and the species geographical distributions in China are mapped (Fig. 22). In addition, we also provide the taxonomic information and global distributions of these species. The key and distributions were produced based on both the examination of specimens and the information extracted from literatures.

Bottom Line: The following four species are newly recorded from China: Symmorphus (S.) fuscipes (Herrich-Schaeffer), S. (S.) lucens (Kostylev), S. (S.) sublaevis Kostylev, and S. (S.) violaceipennis Giordani Soika.In addition, we map the species geographical distributions in China of these 19 species.Type specimens of these three new species are deposited in Chongqing Normal University and Yunnan Agricultural University.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Entomology & Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China.

ABSTRACT
In this study, we recognize and review a total of 19 species of the genus Symmorphus Wesmael from China. We also provide a key to these species. Three new species are described and illustrated, namely Symmorphus (Symmorphus) tianchiensis Li & Chen, sp. n., S. (S.) cavatus Li & Chen, sp. n., and S. (S.) nigriclypeus Li & Chen, sp. n. The following four species are newly recorded from China: Symmorphus (S.) fuscipes (Herrich-Schaeffer), S. (S.) lucens (Kostylev), S. (S.) sublaevis Kostylev, and S. (S.) violaceipennis Giordani Soika. In addition, we map the species geographical distributions in China of these 19 species. Type specimens of these three new species are deposited in Chongqing Normal University and Yunnan Agricultural University.

No MeSH data available.