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Manual suture less small incision cataract surgery in patients with uveitic cataract.

Bhargava R, Kumar P, Bashir H, Sharma SK, Mishra A - Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol (2014 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: There was a statistically significant improvement in vision after surgery (P < 0.001).When uveitis was well-controlled, pre-operative corticosteroids did not change post-operative inflammation (P = 0.796).However, pre-operative corticosteroids were statistically significantly associated to final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (P = 0.010).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Santosh Medical College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS) in eyes with uveitic cataract.

Setting: Medical college hospital of the subcontinent.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, patients who underwent SICS with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation for uveitic cataract from 2006 to 2009 were evaluated. Patients with less than 3 months follow-up were excluded. Post-operative vision and complications were analyzed.

Results: A total of 54 patients completed the study. The mean age was 52.3 ± 9.3 years. The mean follow-up was 11.53 ± 5.05 months. The mean surgical time was (10.2 ± 3.8 min). Etiological diagnosis was possible in 31.41% (17/54) of patients. There was a statistically significant improvement in vision after surgery (P < 0.001). When uveitis was well-controlled, pre-operative corticosteroids did not change post-operative inflammation (P = 0.796). However, pre-operative corticosteroids were statistically significantly associated to final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (P = 0.010).

Conclusion: SICS with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation is safe in most cataracts due to uveitis and improves BCVA at 6 months. Inflammation should be well-controlled pre-operatively for at least 3 months. Posterior capsule opacification, macular edema and persistent uveitis were the main factors affecting visual outcome. SICS requires minimal instrumentation, surgical time is short and can also be performed in rural clinics and eye-camps, where phacoemulsification machines are unavailable. SICS may be a more practical and cost-effective technique for uveitic cataract, in such circumstances.

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Bar diagram showing comparison of pre- and post-operative visual acuity
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Figure 2: Bar diagram showing comparison of pre- and post-operative visual acuity

Mentions: Final visual acuity was compared with pre-operative visual acuity [Table 1 and Figure 1b]. At 6 months, BCVA improved by three or more Snellen lines in 92.59% (50/54) patients. This improvement in vision after surgery was statistically significant at the 1% level (Chi-square test [P < 0.001]).


Manual suture less small incision cataract surgery in patients with uveitic cataract.

Bhargava R, Kumar P, Bashir H, Sharma SK, Mishra A - Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol (2014 Jan-Mar)

Bar diagram showing comparison of pre- and post-operative visual acuity
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3959047&req=5

Figure 2: Bar diagram showing comparison of pre- and post-operative visual acuity
Mentions: Final visual acuity was compared with pre-operative visual acuity [Table 1 and Figure 1b]. At 6 months, BCVA improved by three or more Snellen lines in 92.59% (50/54) patients. This improvement in vision after surgery was statistically significant at the 1% level (Chi-square test [P < 0.001]).

Bottom Line: There was a statistically significant improvement in vision after surgery (P < 0.001).When uveitis was well-controlled, pre-operative corticosteroids did not change post-operative inflammation (P = 0.796).However, pre-operative corticosteroids were statistically significantly associated to final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (P = 0.010).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Santosh Medical College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS) in eyes with uveitic cataract.

Setting: Medical college hospital of the subcontinent.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, patients who underwent SICS with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation for uveitic cataract from 2006 to 2009 were evaluated. Patients with less than 3 months follow-up were excluded. Post-operative vision and complications were analyzed.

Results: A total of 54 patients completed the study. The mean age was 52.3 ± 9.3 years. The mean follow-up was 11.53 ± 5.05 months. The mean surgical time was (10.2 ± 3.8 min). Etiological diagnosis was possible in 31.41% (17/54) of patients. There was a statistically significant improvement in vision after surgery (P < 0.001). When uveitis was well-controlled, pre-operative corticosteroids did not change post-operative inflammation (P = 0.796). However, pre-operative corticosteroids were statistically significantly associated to final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (P = 0.010).

Conclusion: SICS with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation is safe in most cataracts due to uveitis and improves BCVA at 6 months. Inflammation should be well-controlled pre-operatively for at least 3 months. Posterior capsule opacification, macular edema and persistent uveitis were the main factors affecting visual outcome. SICS requires minimal instrumentation, surgical time is short and can also be performed in rural clinics and eye-camps, where phacoemulsification machines are unavailable. SICS may be a more practical and cost-effective technique for uveitic cataract, in such circumstances.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus