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Gait analysis methods: an overview of wearable and non-wearable systems, highlighting clinical applications.

Muro-de-la-Herran A, Garcia-Zapirain B, Mendez-Zorrilla A - Sensors (Basel) (2014)

Bottom Line: Progress in new technologies has led the development of a series of devices and techniques which allow for objective evaluation, making measurements more efficient and effective and providing specialists with reliable information.Finally, based on the latest research, the characteristics of each method are discussed. 40% of the reviewed articles published in late 2012 and 2013 were related to non-wearable systems, 37.5% presented inertial sensor-based systems, and the remaining 22.5% corresponded to other wearable systems.An increasing number of research works demonstrate that various parameters such as precision, conformability, usability or transportability have indicated that the portable systems based on body sensors are promising methods for gait analysis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: DeustoTech-Life Unit, DeustoTech Institute of Technology, University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, Spain. alvaro.muro@deusto.es.

ABSTRACT
This article presents a review of the methods used in recognition and analysis of the human gait from three different approaches: image processing, floor sensors and sensors placed on the body. Progress in new technologies has led the development of a series of devices and techniques which allow for objective evaluation, making measurements more efficient and effective and providing specialists with reliable information. Firstly, an introduction of the key gait parameters and semi-subjective methods is presented. Secondly, technologies and studies on the different objective methods are reviewed. Finally, based on the latest research, the characteristics of each method are discussed. 40% of the reviewed articles published in late 2012 and 2013 were related to non-wearable systems, 37.5% presented inertial sensor-based systems, and the remaining 22.5% corresponded to other wearable systems. An increasing number of research works demonstrate that various parameters such as precision, conformability, usability or transportability have indicated that the portable systems based on body sensors are promising methods for gait analysis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Instrumented insole: (a) inertial sensor, Bluetooth, microcontroller and battery module; (b) coil for inductive recharging; and (c) pressure sensors. Reproduced with permission from Stacy Morris Bamberg (Veristride, Salt Lake City, UT, USA).
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f8-sensors-14-03362: Instrumented insole: (a) inertial sensor, Bluetooth, microcontroller and battery module; (b) coil for inductive recharging; and (c) pressure sensors. Reproduced with permission from Stacy Morris Bamberg (Veristride, Salt Lake City, UT, USA).

Mentions: The miniaturization of inertial sensors allows the possibility of integrating them on instrumented insoles for gait analysis, such as the Veristride insoles developed by Bamberg et al., which additionally include specially designed pressure sensors for distributed plantar force sensing, Bluetooth communication modules and an inductive charging system (Figure 8).


Gait analysis methods: an overview of wearable and non-wearable systems, highlighting clinical applications.

Muro-de-la-Herran A, Garcia-Zapirain B, Mendez-Zorrilla A - Sensors (Basel) (2014)

Instrumented insole: (a) inertial sensor, Bluetooth, microcontroller and battery module; (b) coil for inductive recharging; and (c) pressure sensors. Reproduced with permission from Stacy Morris Bamberg (Veristride, Salt Lake City, UT, USA).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3958266&req=5

f8-sensors-14-03362: Instrumented insole: (a) inertial sensor, Bluetooth, microcontroller and battery module; (b) coil for inductive recharging; and (c) pressure sensors. Reproduced with permission from Stacy Morris Bamberg (Veristride, Salt Lake City, UT, USA).
Mentions: The miniaturization of inertial sensors allows the possibility of integrating them on instrumented insoles for gait analysis, such as the Veristride insoles developed by Bamberg et al., which additionally include specially designed pressure sensors for distributed plantar force sensing, Bluetooth communication modules and an inductive charging system (Figure 8).

Bottom Line: Progress in new technologies has led the development of a series of devices and techniques which allow for objective evaluation, making measurements more efficient and effective and providing specialists with reliable information.Finally, based on the latest research, the characteristics of each method are discussed. 40% of the reviewed articles published in late 2012 and 2013 were related to non-wearable systems, 37.5% presented inertial sensor-based systems, and the remaining 22.5% corresponded to other wearable systems.An increasing number of research works demonstrate that various parameters such as precision, conformability, usability or transportability have indicated that the portable systems based on body sensors are promising methods for gait analysis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: DeustoTech-Life Unit, DeustoTech Institute of Technology, University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, Spain. alvaro.muro@deusto.es.

ABSTRACT
This article presents a review of the methods used in recognition and analysis of the human gait from three different approaches: image processing, floor sensors and sensors placed on the body. Progress in new technologies has led the development of a series of devices and techniques which allow for objective evaluation, making measurements more efficient and effective and providing specialists with reliable information. Firstly, an introduction of the key gait parameters and semi-subjective methods is presented. Secondly, technologies and studies on the different objective methods are reviewed. Finally, based on the latest research, the characteristics of each method are discussed. 40% of the reviewed articles published in late 2012 and 2013 were related to non-wearable systems, 37.5% presented inertial sensor-based systems, and the remaining 22.5% corresponded to other wearable systems. An increasing number of research works demonstrate that various parameters such as precision, conformability, usability or transportability have indicated that the portable systems based on body sensors are promising methods for gait analysis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus