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Calligraphy and meditation for stress reduction: an experimental comparison.

Kao H, Zhu L, Chao AA, Chen HY, Liu IC, Zhang M - Psychol Res Behav Manag (2014)

Bottom Line: Comparing pre- and post-effects, a decrease in heart rate and an increase in skin temperature was seen in subjects who practiced CCH.Increased skin temperature and decreased respiratory rate were also seen in subjects who practiced meditation, along with reduced muscle tension and heart rate.CCH is a particularly promising new approach to reducing stress.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chinese calligraphic handwriting (CCH) has demonstrated a new role in health and therapy. Meanwhile, meditation is an traditional and effective method for coping with stress and staying healthy. This study compared the effectiveness of CCH and meditation as distinctive and parallel stress reduction interventions.

Methods: Thirty graduate students and academic staff members in Taiwan who suffered from stress were selected by the General Health Questionnaire and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups, ie, a CCH group, a meditation group, or a control group, for 8 consecutive weeks. Changes in physiological parameters were measured before, during, and after treatment.

Results: CCH and meditation showed their strength in the respective indices of stress. There was a significant difference in respiratory rate, heart rate, and electromyographic scores between the groups. Comparing pre- and post-effects, a decrease in heart rate and an increase in skin temperature was seen in subjects who practiced CCH. Increased skin temperature and decreased respiratory rate were also seen in subjects who practiced meditation, along with reduced muscle tension and heart rate.

Conclusion: CCH and meditation have good effects in stress reduction. CCH is a particularly promising new approach to reducing stress.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Respiration rate (RR) pre- and post-treatment for the three groups.Abbreviation: CCH, Chinese calligraphic handwriting.
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f5-prbm-7-047: Respiration rate (RR) pre- and post-treatment for the three groups.Abbreviation: CCH, Chinese calligraphic handwriting.

Mentions: For respiratory rate, the study groups showed different patterns of treatment effect as the intervention proceeded, which was indicated by a significant two-way interaction (F(2,27)=16.383, P=0.000, effect size 0.548). CCH training increased the post-treatment respiratory rate, but the change was not significant. The pre-post changes were significant (see Table 2 and Figure 5) in the meditation (P=0.000) and control (P=0.024) groups. The pre-post changes in the meditation group were significantly different to the changes in the other two groups (P=0.016 versus the CCH group and P=0.013 versus the control group).


Calligraphy and meditation for stress reduction: an experimental comparison.

Kao H, Zhu L, Chao AA, Chen HY, Liu IC, Zhang M - Psychol Res Behav Manag (2014)

Respiration rate (RR) pre- and post-treatment for the three groups.Abbreviation: CCH, Chinese calligraphic handwriting.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3928403&req=5

f5-prbm-7-047: Respiration rate (RR) pre- and post-treatment for the three groups.Abbreviation: CCH, Chinese calligraphic handwriting.
Mentions: For respiratory rate, the study groups showed different patterns of treatment effect as the intervention proceeded, which was indicated by a significant two-way interaction (F(2,27)=16.383, P=0.000, effect size 0.548). CCH training increased the post-treatment respiratory rate, but the change was not significant. The pre-post changes were significant (see Table 2 and Figure 5) in the meditation (P=0.000) and control (P=0.024) groups. The pre-post changes in the meditation group were significantly different to the changes in the other two groups (P=0.016 versus the CCH group and P=0.013 versus the control group).

Bottom Line: Comparing pre- and post-effects, a decrease in heart rate and an increase in skin temperature was seen in subjects who practiced CCH.Increased skin temperature and decreased respiratory rate were also seen in subjects who practiced meditation, along with reduced muscle tension and heart rate.CCH is a particularly promising new approach to reducing stress.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chinese calligraphic handwriting (CCH) has demonstrated a new role in health and therapy. Meanwhile, meditation is an traditional and effective method for coping with stress and staying healthy. This study compared the effectiveness of CCH and meditation as distinctive and parallel stress reduction interventions.

Methods: Thirty graduate students and academic staff members in Taiwan who suffered from stress were selected by the General Health Questionnaire and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups, ie, a CCH group, a meditation group, or a control group, for 8 consecutive weeks. Changes in physiological parameters were measured before, during, and after treatment.

Results: CCH and meditation showed their strength in the respective indices of stress. There was a significant difference in respiratory rate, heart rate, and electromyographic scores between the groups. Comparing pre- and post-effects, a decrease in heart rate and an increase in skin temperature was seen in subjects who practiced CCH. Increased skin temperature and decreased respiratory rate were also seen in subjects who practiced meditation, along with reduced muscle tension and heart rate.

Conclusion: CCH and meditation have good effects in stress reduction. CCH is a particularly promising new approach to reducing stress.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus