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Global miRNA expression analysis of serous and clear cell ovarian carcinomas identifies differentially expressed miRNAs including miR-200c-3p as a prognostic marker.

Vilming Elgaaen B, Olstad OK, Haug KB, Brusletto B, Sandvik L, Staff AC, Gautvik KM, Davidson B - BMC Cancer (2014)

Bottom Line: High miR-200c-3p expression was associated with poor progression-free (p = 0.031) and overall (p = 0.026) survival in HGSC patients.Several miRNAs differentially expressed between HGSC, CCC and OSE have been identified, suggesting a carcinogenetic role for these miRNAs. miR-200 family members, targeting EMT drivers, were mostly overexpressed in both subgroups, among which miR-200c-3p was associated with survival in HGSC patients.Several interactions between miRNAs and mRNAs in HGSC were mapped.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Gynecological Oncology, Oslo University Hospital (OUH), The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Postbox 4953 Nydalen 0424, Oslo, Norway. bente.vilming.elgaaen@medisin.uio.no.

ABSTRACT

Background: Improved insight into the molecular characteristics of the different ovarian cancer subgroups is needed for developing a more individualized and optimized treatment regimen. The aim of this study was to a) identify differentially expressed miRNAs in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC), clear cell ovarian carcinoma (CCC) and ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), b) evaluate selected miRNAs for association with clinical parameters including survival and c) map miRNA-mRNA interactions.

Methods: Differences in miRNA expression between HGSC, CCC and OSE were analyzed by global miRNA expression profiling (Affymetrix GeneChip miRNA 2.0 Arrays, n = 12, 9 and 9, respectively), validated by RT-qPCR (n = 35, 19 and 9, respectively), and evaluated for associations with clinical parameters. For HGSC, differentially expressed miRNAs were linked to differentially expressed mRNAs identified previously.

Results: Differentially expressed miRNAs (n = 78) between HGSC, CCC and OSE were identified (FDR < 0.01%), of which 18 were validated (p < 0.01) using RT-qPCR in an extended cohort. Compared with OSE, miR-205-5p was the most overexpressed miRNA in HGSC. miR-200 family members and miR-182-5p were the most overexpressed in HGSC and CCC compared with OSE, whereas miR-383 was the most underexpressed. miR-205-5p and miR-200 members target epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulators, apparently being important in tumor progression. miR-509-3-5p, miR-509-5p, miR-509-3p and miR-510 were among the strongest differentiators between HGSC and CCC, all being significantly overexpressed in CCC compared with HGSC. High miR-200c-3p expression was associated with poor progression-free (p = 0.031) and overall (p = 0.026) survival in HGSC patients. Interacting miRNA and mRNA targets, including those of a TP53-related pathway presented previously, were identified in HGSC.

Conclusions: Several miRNAs differentially expressed between HGSC, CCC and OSE have been identified, suggesting a carcinogenetic role for these miRNAs. miR-200 family members, targeting EMT drivers, were mostly overexpressed in both subgroups, among which miR-200c-3p was associated with survival in HGSC patients. A set of miRNAs differentiates CCC from HGSC, of which miR-509-3-5p and miR-509-5p are the strongest classifiers. Several interactions between miRNAs and mRNAs in HGSC were mapped.

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Principal component analysis (PCA). A two-dimensional PCA of 78 miRNAs found to be differentially expressed following ANOVA and application of FDR < 0.01% based on global miRNA expression analyses in 12 high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSC; blue), 9 clear cell ovarian carcinomas (CCC; red) and 9 ovarian surface epithelium (OSE; green).
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Figure 1: Principal component analysis (PCA). A two-dimensional PCA of 78 miRNAs found to be differentially expressed following ANOVA and application of FDR < 0.01% based on global miRNA expression analyses in 12 high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSC; blue), 9 clear cell ovarian carcinomas (CCC; red) and 9 ovarian surface epithelium (OSE; green).

Mentions: Seventy-eight miRNAs were differentially expressed between HGSC, CCC and OSE applying a FDR <0.01%. Complete p- and FC values are available in Additional file 1. Principal component analysis showed that these miRNAs could distinguish the 3 groups almost perfectly (Figure 1). Cluster analysis, visualized by a heatmap (Figure 2) showed almost perfect segregation of the 3 groups. Striking differences were observed between HGSC and OSE samples, whereas CCC had an intermediate profile. Moreover, miR-508-5p, miR-509-3p, miR-509-5p, miR-509-3-5p, miR-510 and miR-514b-5p clearly distinguished HGSC from CCC. OSE control samples were homogeneous.


Global miRNA expression analysis of serous and clear cell ovarian carcinomas identifies differentially expressed miRNAs including miR-200c-3p as a prognostic marker.

Vilming Elgaaen B, Olstad OK, Haug KB, Brusletto B, Sandvik L, Staff AC, Gautvik KM, Davidson B - BMC Cancer (2014)

Principal component analysis (PCA). A two-dimensional PCA of 78 miRNAs found to be differentially expressed following ANOVA and application of FDR < 0.01% based on global miRNA expression analyses in 12 high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSC; blue), 9 clear cell ovarian carcinomas (CCC; red) and 9 ovarian surface epithelium (OSE; green).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3928323&req=5

Figure 1: Principal component analysis (PCA). A two-dimensional PCA of 78 miRNAs found to be differentially expressed following ANOVA and application of FDR < 0.01% based on global miRNA expression analyses in 12 high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSC; blue), 9 clear cell ovarian carcinomas (CCC; red) and 9 ovarian surface epithelium (OSE; green).
Mentions: Seventy-eight miRNAs were differentially expressed between HGSC, CCC and OSE applying a FDR <0.01%. Complete p- and FC values are available in Additional file 1. Principal component analysis showed that these miRNAs could distinguish the 3 groups almost perfectly (Figure 1). Cluster analysis, visualized by a heatmap (Figure 2) showed almost perfect segregation of the 3 groups. Striking differences were observed between HGSC and OSE samples, whereas CCC had an intermediate profile. Moreover, miR-508-5p, miR-509-3p, miR-509-5p, miR-509-3-5p, miR-510 and miR-514b-5p clearly distinguished HGSC from CCC. OSE control samples were homogeneous.

Bottom Line: High miR-200c-3p expression was associated with poor progression-free (p = 0.031) and overall (p = 0.026) survival in HGSC patients.Several miRNAs differentially expressed between HGSC, CCC and OSE have been identified, suggesting a carcinogenetic role for these miRNAs. miR-200 family members, targeting EMT drivers, were mostly overexpressed in both subgroups, among which miR-200c-3p was associated with survival in HGSC patients.Several interactions between miRNAs and mRNAs in HGSC were mapped.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Gynecological Oncology, Oslo University Hospital (OUH), The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Postbox 4953 Nydalen 0424, Oslo, Norway. bente.vilming.elgaaen@medisin.uio.no.

ABSTRACT

Background: Improved insight into the molecular characteristics of the different ovarian cancer subgroups is needed for developing a more individualized and optimized treatment regimen. The aim of this study was to a) identify differentially expressed miRNAs in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC), clear cell ovarian carcinoma (CCC) and ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), b) evaluate selected miRNAs for association with clinical parameters including survival and c) map miRNA-mRNA interactions.

Methods: Differences in miRNA expression between HGSC, CCC and OSE were analyzed by global miRNA expression profiling (Affymetrix GeneChip miRNA 2.0 Arrays, n = 12, 9 and 9, respectively), validated by RT-qPCR (n = 35, 19 and 9, respectively), and evaluated for associations with clinical parameters. For HGSC, differentially expressed miRNAs were linked to differentially expressed mRNAs identified previously.

Results: Differentially expressed miRNAs (n = 78) between HGSC, CCC and OSE were identified (FDR < 0.01%), of which 18 were validated (p < 0.01) using RT-qPCR in an extended cohort. Compared with OSE, miR-205-5p was the most overexpressed miRNA in HGSC. miR-200 family members and miR-182-5p were the most overexpressed in HGSC and CCC compared with OSE, whereas miR-383 was the most underexpressed. miR-205-5p and miR-200 members target epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulators, apparently being important in tumor progression. miR-509-3-5p, miR-509-5p, miR-509-3p and miR-510 were among the strongest differentiators between HGSC and CCC, all being significantly overexpressed in CCC compared with HGSC. High miR-200c-3p expression was associated with poor progression-free (p = 0.031) and overall (p = 0.026) survival in HGSC patients. Interacting miRNA and mRNA targets, including those of a TP53-related pathway presented previously, were identified in HGSC.

Conclusions: Several miRNAs differentially expressed between HGSC, CCC and OSE have been identified, suggesting a carcinogenetic role for these miRNAs. miR-200 family members, targeting EMT drivers, were mostly overexpressed in both subgroups, among which miR-200c-3p was associated with survival in HGSC patients. A set of miRNAs differentiates CCC from HGSC, of which miR-509-3-5p and miR-509-5p are the strongest classifiers. Several interactions between miRNAs and mRNAs in HGSC were mapped.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus