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The association between acculturation and dietary patterns of South Asian immigrants.

Lesser IA, Gasevic D, Lear SA - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices, including an increased consumption of fruits and vegetables and an improvement in food preparation (including an increase in grilling and a decrease in deep frying when cooking).South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices including an improvement in food preparation.Future health promotion strategies should encourage cultural sensitivity in efforts to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage, convenience foods and to encourage eating at home rather than dining out.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Dietary acculturation, specifically the adoption of western dietary habits, may result in adverse health effects such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the role of acculturation in dietary patterns as well as awareness and knowledge of healthy nutrition among South Asian immigrants. This is an especially important population to target as South Asians have higher prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which may be magnified with immigration. The current investigation is a sub-study of the Multi-Cultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT). There were 207 participants of South Asian origin included in the initial study, 129 were born outside of Canada and had immigrated after the age of 18. The length of residence in Canada was used as a marker for acculturation. A questionnaire addressing perceived changes in dietary patterns, food preparation, and nutrition knowledge and awareness since immigration was used to assess dietary practices. The association between length of residence and variables related to perceived changes in dietary patterns was explored with Spearman correlation and significant associations were subsequently analyzed with ordinal logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, education and body mass index. South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices, including an increased consumption of fruits and vegetables and an improvement in food preparation (including an increase in grilling and a decrease in deep frying when cooking). However, there was a reported increase in the consumption of convenience foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, red meat and in dining out. South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices including an improvement in food preparation. Future health promotion strategies should encourage cultural sensitivity in efforts to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage, convenience foods and to encourage eating at home rather than dining out.

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Percentage of participants reporting an improvement in food variables of interest indicative of positive changes since immigration (only variables with greater than 50% reported).
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pone-0088495-g001: Percentage of participants reporting an improvement in food variables of interest indicative of positive changes since immigration (only variables with greater than 50% reported).

Mentions: Figure 1 presents participant responses regarding the change in their interest about nutritional information such as ingredients and food labels since time of immigration. Seventy percent of South Asian immigrants reported receiving more information about healthy foods through media and advertisements with immigration to Canada. Nearly 65% of South Asian immigrants made an effort to purchase nutritional food after immigrating to Canada and 60% reported greater reading and understanding of nutritional information tables and ingredients on food products post immigration. Similarly, over 60% of South Asian immigrants found it easier to purchase low fat foods and almost 50% of immigrants found it easier to purchase fruits and vegetables in Canada compared to their homeland.


The association between acculturation and dietary patterns of South Asian immigrants.

Lesser IA, Gasevic D, Lear SA - PLoS ONE (2014)

Percentage of participants reporting an improvement in food variables of interest indicative of positive changes since immigration (only variables with greater than 50% reported).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3928252&req=5

pone-0088495-g001: Percentage of participants reporting an improvement in food variables of interest indicative of positive changes since immigration (only variables with greater than 50% reported).
Mentions: Figure 1 presents participant responses regarding the change in their interest about nutritional information such as ingredients and food labels since time of immigration. Seventy percent of South Asian immigrants reported receiving more information about healthy foods through media and advertisements with immigration to Canada. Nearly 65% of South Asian immigrants made an effort to purchase nutritional food after immigrating to Canada and 60% reported greater reading and understanding of nutritional information tables and ingredients on food products post immigration. Similarly, over 60% of South Asian immigrants found it easier to purchase low fat foods and almost 50% of immigrants found it easier to purchase fruits and vegetables in Canada compared to their homeland.

Bottom Line: South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices, including an increased consumption of fruits and vegetables and an improvement in food preparation (including an increase in grilling and a decrease in deep frying when cooking).South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices including an improvement in food preparation.Future health promotion strategies should encourage cultural sensitivity in efforts to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage, convenience foods and to encourage eating at home rather than dining out.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Dietary acculturation, specifically the adoption of western dietary habits, may result in adverse health effects such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the role of acculturation in dietary patterns as well as awareness and knowledge of healthy nutrition among South Asian immigrants. This is an especially important population to target as South Asians have higher prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which may be magnified with immigration. The current investigation is a sub-study of the Multi-Cultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT). There were 207 participants of South Asian origin included in the initial study, 129 were born outside of Canada and had immigrated after the age of 18. The length of residence in Canada was used as a marker for acculturation. A questionnaire addressing perceived changes in dietary patterns, food preparation, and nutrition knowledge and awareness since immigration was used to assess dietary practices. The association between length of residence and variables related to perceived changes in dietary patterns was explored with Spearman correlation and significant associations were subsequently analyzed with ordinal logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, education and body mass index. South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices, including an increased consumption of fruits and vegetables and an improvement in food preparation (including an increase in grilling and a decrease in deep frying when cooking). However, there was a reported increase in the consumption of convenience foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, red meat and in dining out. South Asian immigrants in Canada reported a variety of positive dietary practices including an improvement in food preparation. Future health promotion strategies should encourage cultural sensitivity in efforts to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage, convenience foods and to encourage eating at home rather than dining out.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus