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Clinical and dermatoscopic patterns of alopecia areata: a tertiary care centre experience.

Hegde SP, Naveen KN, Athanikar SB, Reshme P - Int J Trichology (2013)

Bottom Line: Males were more commonly affected.Scalp was most commonly involved.The most common dermatoscopic finding observed was BDs, followed by SVHs, YDs, BH and TH.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka,, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatoscopy is a new noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of various skin and hair disorders. Dermatoscopy of alopecia areata (AA) shows various specific features, which may aid in confirming the diagnosis.

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the various clinical patterns and the dermatoscopic features of AA.

Materials and methods: A total of 75 patients of AA were evaluated with a dermatoscope (magnification ×25 and ×60).

Results: The mean age of onset of AA was 23.58 years. Males were more commonly affected. Scalp was most commonly involved. Patchy alopecia was the most common pattern observed. 10 patients showed concomitant nail changes. The dermatoscopic features included yellow dots (YDs) in 43 (57.33%) patients, black dots (BDs) in 63 (84%) cases, broken hairs (BHs) in 28 (37.33%) cases, short vellus hair (SVH) in 51 (68%) patients and tapering hair (TH) in 14 (18.67%) cases.

Conclusion: The most common dermatoscopic finding observed was BDs, followed by SVHs, YDs, BH and TH.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

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Mentions: The dermatoscopic features seen in our patients were as follows: YDs-43 (57.33%), BDs - 63 (84%), BH - 28 (37.33%), SVH - 51 (68%) and TH - 14 (18.67%) [Figures 1-5]. All these dermatoscopic features were seen in 7 patients whereas 2 patients had none of the above features. The dermatoscopic features in various patterns of AA is tabulated in Table 3.


Clinical and dermatoscopic patterns of alopecia areata: a tertiary care centre experience.

Hegde SP, Naveen KN, Athanikar SB, Reshme P - Int J Trichology (2013)

Yellow dots
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3927170&req=5

Figure 3: Yellow dots
Mentions: The dermatoscopic features seen in our patients were as follows: YDs-43 (57.33%), BDs - 63 (84%), BH - 28 (37.33%), SVH - 51 (68%) and TH - 14 (18.67%) [Figures 1-5]. All these dermatoscopic features were seen in 7 patients whereas 2 patients had none of the above features. The dermatoscopic features in various patterns of AA is tabulated in Table 3.

Bottom Line: Males were more commonly affected.Scalp was most commonly involved.The most common dermatoscopic finding observed was BDs, followed by SVHs, YDs, BH and TH.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka,, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatoscopy is a new noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of various skin and hair disorders. Dermatoscopy of alopecia areata (AA) shows various specific features, which may aid in confirming the diagnosis.

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the various clinical patterns and the dermatoscopic features of AA.

Materials and methods: A total of 75 patients of AA were evaluated with a dermatoscope (magnification ×25 and ×60).

Results: The mean age of onset of AA was 23.58 years. Males were more commonly affected. Scalp was most commonly involved. Patchy alopecia was the most common pattern observed. 10 patients showed concomitant nail changes. The dermatoscopic features included yellow dots (YDs) in 43 (57.33%) patients, black dots (BDs) in 63 (84%) cases, broken hairs (BHs) in 28 (37.33%) cases, short vellus hair (SVH) in 51 (68%) patients and tapering hair (TH) in 14 (18.67%) cases.

Conclusion: The most common dermatoscopic finding observed was BDs, followed by SVHs, YDs, BH and TH.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus