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Is the presence of medical trainees associated with increased mortality with weekend admission?

Ricciardi R, Nelson J, Roberts PL, Marcello PW, Read TE, Schoetz DJ - BMC Med Educ (2014)

Bottom Line: Mortality following a weekend admission for patients admitted to a hospital with resident trainees was significantly higher (17%) than hospitals with no resident trainees (p < 0.001).Low staffing levels of nurses and physicians significantly impact mortality on weekends following non-elective admission.Conversely, patients admitted to hospitals with more resident trainees had significantly higher mortality following a weekend admission.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Lahey Clinic, Tufts University, 41 Mall Rd, Burlington, MA 01805, USA. rocco.ricciardi@lahey.org.

ABSTRACT

Background: Several studies have demonstrated increased inhospital mortality following weekend admission. We hypothesized that the presence of resident trainees reduces the weekend mortality trends.

Methods: We identified all patients with a non-elective hospital admission from 1/1/2003 through 12/31/2008. We abstracted vital status on discharge and calculated the Charlson comorbidity score for all inpatients. We compared odds of inpatient mortality following non-elective admission on a weekend day as compared to a weekday, while considering diagnosis, patient characteristics, comorbidity, hospital factors, and care at hospitals with resident trainees.

Results: Data were available for 48,253,968 patient discharges during the six-year study period. The relative risk of mortality was 15% higher following weekend admission as compared to weekday admission. After adjusting for diagnosis, age, sex, race, income level, payer, comorbidity, and weekend admission the overall odds of mortality was higher for patients in hospitals with fewer nurses and staff physicians. Mortality following a weekend admission for patients admitted to a hospital with resident trainees was significantly higher (17%) than hospitals with no resident trainees (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Low staffing levels of nurses and physicians significantly impact mortality on weekends following non-elective admission. Conversely, patients admitted to hospitals with more resident trainees had significantly higher mortality following a weekend admission.

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The risk of mortality on the weekend as compared to a weekday. Chi-square analysis for significance.
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Figure 1: The risk of mortality on the weekend as compared to a weekday. Chi-square analysis for significance.

Mentions: The relative risk of mortality was15% higher on the weekend as compared to a weekday (Figure 1). Patients admitted on the weekend were on average older (47.9 vs. 46.9 years) than those admitted during a weekday. Males were more likely to be admitted on a weekend than females (23.3% vs. 22.8%). Whites were less likely to be admitted on a weekend than all other racial groups. Lower income categories were more likely to be admitted on a weekend than the highest quartile group. Self-paying and patients without health insurance were more likely to be admitted on the weekend (25.4% and 25.0%, respectively) than patients with other primary methods of payment. On average, patients admitted during the weekend had a higher comorbidity score (Tables 1 and 2).


Is the presence of medical trainees associated with increased mortality with weekend admission?

Ricciardi R, Nelson J, Roberts PL, Marcello PW, Read TE, Schoetz DJ - BMC Med Educ (2014)

The risk of mortality on the weekend as compared to a weekday. Chi-square analysis for significance.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3926858&req=5

Figure 1: The risk of mortality on the weekend as compared to a weekday. Chi-square analysis for significance.
Mentions: The relative risk of mortality was15% higher on the weekend as compared to a weekday (Figure 1). Patients admitted on the weekend were on average older (47.9 vs. 46.9 years) than those admitted during a weekday. Males were more likely to be admitted on a weekend than females (23.3% vs. 22.8%). Whites were less likely to be admitted on a weekend than all other racial groups. Lower income categories were more likely to be admitted on a weekend than the highest quartile group. Self-paying and patients without health insurance were more likely to be admitted on the weekend (25.4% and 25.0%, respectively) than patients with other primary methods of payment. On average, patients admitted during the weekend had a higher comorbidity score (Tables 1 and 2).

Bottom Line: Mortality following a weekend admission for patients admitted to a hospital with resident trainees was significantly higher (17%) than hospitals with no resident trainees (p < 0.001).Low staffing levels of nurses and physicians significantly impact mortality on weekends following non-elective admission.Conversely, patients admitted to hospitals with more resident trainees had significantly higher mortality following a weekend admission.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Lahey Clinic, Tufts University, 41 Mall Rd, Burlington, MA 01805, USA. rocco.ricciardi@lahey.org.

ABSTRACT

Background: Several studies have demonstrated increased inhospital mortality following weekend admission. We hypothesized that the presence of resident trainees reduces the weekend mortality trends.

Methods: We identified all patients with a non-elective hospital admission from 1/1/2003 through 12/31/2008. We abstracted vital status on discharge and calculated the Charlson comorbidity score for all inpatients. We compared odds of inpatient mortality following non-elective admission on a weekend day as compared to a weekday, while considering diagnosis, patient characteristics, comorbidity, hospital factors, and care at hospitals with resident trainees.

Results: Data were available for 48,253,968 patient discharges during the six-year study period. The relative risk of mortality was 15% higher following weekend admission as compared to weekday admission. After adjusting for diagnosis, age, sex, race, income level, payer, comorbidity, and weekend admission the overall odds of mortality was higher for patients in hospitals with fewer nurses and staff physicians. Mortality following a weekend admission for patients admitted to a hospital with resident trainees was significantly higher (17%) than hospitals with no resident trainees (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Low staffing levels of nurses and physicians significantly impact mortality on weekends following non-elective admission. Conversely, patients admitted to hospitals with more resident trainees had significantly higher mortality following a weekend admission.

Show MeSH