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Foot placement modification for a biped humanoid robot with narrow feet.

Hashimoto K, Hattori K, Otani T, Lim HO, Takanishi A - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: And a foot-landing point is also changed laterally to inhibit the robot from falling to the outside.To reduce a foot-landing impact, a virtual compliance control is applied to the vertical axis and the roll and pitch axes of the foot.Verification of the proposed method is conducted through experiments with a biped humanoid robot WABIAN-2R.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Waseda Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, No. 41-304, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan.

ABSTRACT
This paper describes a walking stabilization control for a biped humanoid robot with narrow feet. Most humanoid robots have larger feet than human beings to maintain their stability during walking. If robot's feet are as narrow as humans, it is difficult to realize a stable walk by using conventional stabilization controls. The proposed control modifies a foot placement according to the robot's attitude angle. If a robot tends to fall down, a foot angle is modified about the roll axis so that a swing foot contacts the ground horizontally. And a foot-landing point is also changed laterally to inhibit the robot from falling to the outside. To reduce a foot-landing impact, a virtual compliance control is applied to the vertical axis and the roll and pitch axes of the foot. Verification of the proposed method is conducted through experiments with a biped humanoid robot WABIAN-2R. WABIAN-2R realized a knee-bended walking with 30 mm breadth feet. Moreover, WABIAN-2R mounted on a human-like foot mechanism mimicking a human's foot arch structure realized a stable walking with the knee-stretched, heel-contact, and toe-off motion.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Phase portrait when walking with 90 mm breadth feet.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig9: Phase portrait when walking with 90 mm breadth feet.

Mentions: Figure 9 shows the phase portrait of this experiment, and we can find that the phase portrait depicts a closed curve. The circles of either end of the limit cycle are observed due to the upper body vibration caused by foot-landing impact. Without the proposed stabilization, the phase portrait did not depict a closed curve, and the robot fell down.


Foot placement modification for a biped humanoid robot with narrow feet.

Hashimoto K, Hattori K, Otani T, Lim HO, Takanishi A - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Phase portrait when walking with 90 mm breadth feet.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3926377&req=5

fig9: Phase portrait when walking with 90 mm breadth feet.
Mentions: Figure 9 shows the phase portrait of this experiment, and we can find that the phase portrait depicts a closed curve. The circles of either end of the limit cycle are observed due to the upper body vibration caused by foot-landing impact. Without the proposed stabilization, the phase portrait did not depict a closed curve, and the robot fell down.

Bottom Line: And a foot-landing point is also changed laterally to inhibit the robot from falling to the outside.To reduce a foot-landing impact, a virtual compliance control is applied to the vertical axis and the roll and pitch axes of the foot.Verification of the proposed method is conducted through experiments with a biped humanoid robot WABIAN-2R.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Waseda Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, No. 41-304, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan.

ABSTRACT
This paper describes a walking stabilization control for a biped humanoid robot with narrow feet. Most humanoid robots have larger feet than human beings to maintain their stability during walking. If robot's feet are as narrow as humans, it is difficult to realize a stable walk by using conventional stabilization controls. The proposed control modifies a foot placement according to the robot's attitude angle. If a robot tends to fall down, a foot angle is modified about the roll axis so that a swing foot contacts the ground horizontally. And a foot-landing point is also changed laterally to inhibit the robot from falling to the outside. To reduce a foot-landing impact, a virtual compliance control is applied to the vertical axis and the roll and pitch axes of the foot. Verification of the proposed method is conducted through experiments with a biped humanoid robot WABIAN-2R. WABIAN-2R realized a knee-bended walking with 30 mm breadth feet. Moreover, WABIAN-2R mounted on a human-like foot mechanism mimicking a human's foot arch structure realized a stable walking with the knee-stretched, heel-contact, and toe-off motion.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus